How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuroendocrine Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuroendocrine Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Owens, I. P. F. (2002). Ecology and evolution. Sex differences in mortality rate. Science 297, 2008–2009.
A journal article with 2 authors
Toth, L. J., and Assad, J. A. (2002). Dynamic coding of behaviourally relevant stimuli in parietal cortex. Nature 415, 165–168.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nazir, S., Amin, B., and Schwingenschlögl, U. (2013). Suppression of the two-dimensional electron gas in LaGaO3/SrTiO3 by cation intermixing. Sci. Rep. 3, 3409.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Trotzky, S., Cheinet, P., Fölling, S., Feld, M., Schnorrberger, U., Rey, A. M., et al. (2008). Time-resolved observation and control of superexchange interactions with ultracold atoms in optical lattices. Science 319, 295–299.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meyer, V. R. (2013). Pitfalls and Errors of HPLC in Pictures. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Ferré, N., Filatov, M., and Huix-Rotllant, M. eds. (2016). Density-Functional Methods for Excited States. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, X.-G., Niculescu, S.-I., and Çela, A. (2015). “Computing Puiseux Series for a Critical Pair,” in Analytic Curve Frequency-Sweeping Stability Tests for Systems with Commensurate Delays SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering., eds. S.-I. Niculescu and A. Cela (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 35–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuroendocrine Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Man Receives Facial Reconstruction With Help From 3D Printer. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012). Flexible Funding Continues to Play a Role in Supporting State and Local Transportation Priorities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Herrera, K. (2010). Improved transportation for older adult volunteers: A grant proposal.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Caschetta, M. B. (2011). What Wasn’t Passed On. New York Times, ST6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Owens, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Owens, 2002; Toth and Assad, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Toth and Assad, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Trotzky et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuroendocrine Science
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

Other styles