How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuroendocrine Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuroendocrine Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wadman, M. (2007). Moment of reckoning. Nature 446, 844–845.
A journal article with 2 authors
Taylor, A. F., and Smith, G. R. (2003). RecBCD enzyme is a DNA helicase with fast and slow motors of opposite polarity. Nature 423, 889–893.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mo, Y., Turner, K. T., and Szlufarska, I. (2009). Friction laws at the nanoscale. Nature 457, 1116–1119.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chen, Y., Corriden, R., Inoue, Y., Yip, L., Hashiguchi, N., Zinkernagel, A., et al. (2006). ATP release guides neutrophil chemotaxis via P2Y2 and A3 receptors. Science 314, 1792–1795.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Forsberg, K., and Mansdorf, S. Z. (2005). Quick Selection Guide to Chemical Protective Clothing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Singh, V. K., Srivastava, H. M., Venturino, E., Resch, M., and Gupta, V. eds. (2016). Modern Mathematical Methods and High Performance Computing in Science and Technology: M3HPCST, Ghaziabad, India, December 2015. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Penkova, T. (2014). “Method of Wellbeing Estimation in Territory Management,” in Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2014: 14th International Conference, Guimarães, Portugal, June 30 – July 3, 2014, Proceedings, Part IV Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. B. Murgante, S. Misra, A. M. A. C. Rocha, C. Torre, J. G. Rocha, M. I. Falcão, et al. (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 57–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuroendocrine Science.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). Deep Sea Explorers Spot Bizarre Fish That Doesn’t Look Real. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012). Information Technology: FDA Needs to Fully Implement Key Management Practices to Lessen Modernization Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhao, Y. (2005). Studies on Error Control of 3-D Zerotree Wavelet Video Streaming.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017). Drake and Ed Sheeran Top the Chart, Again. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wadman, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Taylor and Smith, 2003; Wadman, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Taylor and Smith, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuroendocrine Science
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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