How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuroendocrine Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuroendocrine Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elderfield, H. (2002). Climate change. Carbonate mysteries. Science 296, 1618–1621.
A journal article with 2 authors
Osborn, T. J., and Briffa, K. R. (2004). Climate. The real color of climate change? Science 306, 621–622.
A journal article with 3 authors
Murray, B., Huntress, W. T., Jr, and Friedman, L. D. (2001). Mars outposts: a planetary society approach to exploration. Nature 412, 254–255.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kennedy, J. L., Farrer, L. A., Andreasen, N. C., Mayeux, R., and St George-Hyslop, P. (2003). The genetics of adult-onset neuropsychiatric disease: complexities and conundra? Science 302, 822–826.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hoffman, R. V. (2004). Organic Chemistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fiadeiro, J. L., and Schobbens, P.-Y. eds. (2007). Recent Trends in Algebraic Development Techniques: 18th International Workshop, WADT 2006, La Roche en Ardenne, Belgium, June 1-3, 2006, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Angel, E., Campigotto, R., and Laforest, C. (2012). “Implementation and Comparison of Heuristics for the Vertex Cover Problem on Huge Graphs,” in Experimental Algorithms: 11th International Symposium, SEA 2012, Bordeaux, France, June 7-9, 2012. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., ed. R. Klasing (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 39–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuroendocrine Science.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015). Why Some Female Birds Are Just As Colorful As The Males. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997). F/A-18E/F Aircraft Production Decision Should Be Postponed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis, T. E. (2010). Sedimentation solutions for the Port of Gulfport, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2004). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Admiral Convicted In Sub Deaths. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Elderfield, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Elderfield, 2002; Osborn and Briffa, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Osborn and Briffa, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Kennedy et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuroendocrine Science
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

Other styles