How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuroendocrine Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuroendocrine Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Waal, F. B. M. (2005). A century of getting to know the chimpanzee. Nature 437, 56–59.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ueshima, R., and Asami, T. (2003). Evolution: single-gene speciation by left-right reversal. Nature 425, 679.
A journal article with 3 authors
Råberg, L., Sim, D., and Read, A. F. (2007). Disentangling genetic variation for resistance and tolerance to infectious diseases in animals. Science 318, 812–814.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gacemi, D., Mangeney, J., Colombelli, R., and Degiron, A. (2013). Subwavelength metallic waveguides as a tool for extreme confinement of THz surface waves. Sci. Rep. 3, 1369.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson, S. K., and Handelsman, M. M. (2009). Ethics for Psychotherapists and Counselors. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Vasishth, S. (2011). The Foundations of Statistics: A Simulation-based Approach. , ed. M. Broe Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dalamagkidis, K., Valavanis, K. P., and Piegl, L. A. (2012). “UAS Safety Assessment and Functional Requirements,” in On Integrating Unmanned Aircraft Systems into the National Airspace System: Issues, Challenges, Operational Restrictions, Certification, and Recommendations, eds. K. P. Valavanis and L. A. Piegl (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 91–123.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuroendocrine Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). The Future Of Data Science Looks Spectacular. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011). Opportunities to Reduce Fragmentation, Overlap, and Potential Duplication in Federal Teacher Quality and Employment and Training Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eaddy, M. (2008). An empirical assessment of the crosscutting concern problem.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M. R. (2017). Inside the American Air War Over Syria: A High Altitude ‘Poker Game.’ New York Times, A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (de Waal, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Ueshima and Asami, 2003; de Waal, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ueshima and Asami, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Gacemi et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuroendocrine Science
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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