How to format your references using the Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vicsek T. A question of scale. Nature. 2001;411(6836):421.
A journal article with 2 authors
Corma A, Serna P. Chemoselective hydrogenation of nitro compounds with supported gold catalysts. Science. 2006;313(5785):332-334.
A journal article with 3 authors
Han C, Ding H, Lv F. Demonstration of a refractometric sensor based on an optical micro-fiber three-beam interferometer. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7504.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wozny C, Kivi A, Lehmann TN, Dehnicke C, Heinemann U, Behr J. Comment on “On the origin of interictal activity in human temporal lobe epilepsy in vitro.” Science. 2003;301(5632):463; author reply 463.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Holloway M, Nwaoha C. Dictionary of Industrial Terms. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Falmagne JC. On Meaningful Scientific Laws. 1st ed. 2015. (Doble C, ed.). Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Gerasimovskaya EV, Stenmark KR, Yegutkin GG. Role of Purine-Converting Ecto-Enzymes in Angiogenic Phenotype of Pulmonary Artery Adventitial Vasa Vasorum Endothelial Cells of Chronically Hypoxic Calves. In: Gerasimovskaya E, Kaczmarek E, eds. Extracellular ATP and Adenosine as Regulators of Endothelial Cell Function: Implications for Health and Disease. Springer Netherlands; 2010:73-93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics.

Blog post
Andrew E. How Other Primates Self-Medicate – And What They Could Teach Us. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Bankruptcy Reform: Value of Credit Counseling Requirements Is Not Clear. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ward VJ. A Study of the Perceptions of First-Year Teachers as Prepared Classroom Teachers. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Using the Art of Graffiti To Start a Conversation. New York Times. April 8, 2001:146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
AbbreviationJ. Manipulative Physiol. Ther.
ISSN (print)0161-4754

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