How to format your references using the Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Bender E. Epidemiology: The dominant malignancy. Nature. 2014;513(7517):S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ćuk M, Stewart ST. Making the Moon from a fast-spinning Earth: a giant impact followed by resonant despinning. Science. 2012;338(6110):1047-1052.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hwang CS, Shemorry A, Varshavsky A. N-terminal acetylation of cellular proteins creates specific degradation signals. Science. 2010;327(5968):973-977.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Holm TM, Habashi JP, Doyle JJ, et al. Noncanonical TGFβ signaling contributes to aortic aneurysm progression in Marfan syndrome mice. Science. 2011;332(6027):358-361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Korn GA. Advanced Dynamic-System Simulation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Manton M, Stevenson LA, eds. Climate in Asia and the Pacific: Security, Society and Sustainability. Vol 56. Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lotfi E, Elharoussi M, Abdelmounim E. VHDL Design and FPGA Implementation of the PWM Space Vector of an AC Machine Powered by a Voltage Inverter. In: El Oualkadi A, Choubani F, El Moussati A, eds. Proceedings of the Mediterranean Conference on Information & Communication Technologies 2015: MedCT 2015 Volume 2. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer International Publishing; 2016:41-47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. “Spooky Action at a Distance” Confirmed by New Quantum Experiment. IFLScience. Published March 31, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/einsteins-spooky-action-distance-confirmed-new-quantum-experiment/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Problems Persist in FAA’s Inspection Program. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Mark M. A Peer Mentorship Program for Youth Transitioning out of Foster Care: A Grant Proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly M. THE 1992 ELECTIONS: CELEBRATION MAN IN THE NEWS: William Jefferson Blythe Clinton; A Man Who Wants to Be Liked, and Is. New York Times. November 4, 1992:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
AbbreviationJ. Manipulative Physiol. Ther.
ISSN (print)0161-4754
ScopeChiropractics

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