How to format your references using the Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang H. A double dose of advice. Science. 2014;346(6208):510.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson DWJ, Barnes EA. Periodic variability in the large-scale Southern Hemisphere atmospheric circulation. Science. 2014;343(6171):641-645.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alonso S, Sagués F, Mikhailov AS. Taming Winfree turbulence of scroll waves in excitable media. Science. 2003;299(5613):1722-1725.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Whiten A, McGrew WC, Aiello LC, et al. Studying extant species to model our past. Science. 2010;327(5964):410; author reply 410-1.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
AIChE Equipment Testing Procedure. Particle Size Classifiers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1993.
An edited book
Li D, Wang B, eds. Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations: IFIP TC12 WG12.5 - Second IFIP Conference on Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations (AIAI2005), September 7–9, 2005, Beijing, China. Vol 187. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Suzuki Y. Morphology Control of TiO2-Based Nanomaterials for Sustainable Energy Applications. In: Yao T, ed. Zero-Carbon Energy Kyoto 2009. Green Energy and Technology. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2010:39-45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics.

Blog post
Luntz S. Scientists Create “BioClay” In Groundbreaking Step Towards Pest-Free Crops. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Elementary and Secondary Education: Ed-Flex States Vary in Implementation of Waiver Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Taylor C. The Crowd. 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG. DC and Marvel, Beware: Valiant Is to Make Films. New York Times. March 9, 2015:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
AbbreviationJ. Manipulative Physiol. Ther.
ISSN (print)0161-4754

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