How to format your references using the Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein M. Protein arrays: growing pains. Nature. 2006;444(7121):959-962.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tedford RH, Harington CR. An Arctic mammal fauna from the Early Pliocene of North America. Nature. 2003;425(6956):388-390.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burkle LA, Marlin JC, Knight TM. Plant-pollinator interactions over 120 years: loss of species, co-occurrence, and function. Science. 2013;339(6127):1611-1615.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Beck PG, Montalban J, Kallinger T, et al. Fast core rotation in red-giant stars as revealed by gravity-dominated mixed modes. Nature. 2011;481(7379):55-57.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vignes A. Extractive Metallurgy 1. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Williams K, ed. Nexus Network Journal: Architecture, Mathematics and Structure. Vol 11,2. Birkhäuser; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Stetson SJ. The Use of Clomiphene Citrate in Natural Cycle IVF. In: Allahbadia GN, Nitzschke M, eds. Minimal Stimulation and Natural Cycle In Vitro Fertilization. Springer India; 2015:23-29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics.

Blog post
Andrew D. Diabetes Treatment Could Be Revolutionised By Making People Cold. IFLScience. Published August 19, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Need for a Better Trained EDP Auditor. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Belknap BM. Fostering Resilience in Beginning Special Education Teachers. Published online 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wines M. It Only Seems That Political Corruption Is Rampant. New York Times. January 26, 2014:A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
AbbreviationJ. Manipulative Physiol. Ther.
ISSN (print)0161-4754

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