How to format your references using the Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coontz R. Science CAREERS. Hydrogeologists tap into demand for an irreplaceable resource. Science. 2008;321(5890):858-859.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alkhatib A, Nayfeh A. A complete physical germanium-on-silicon quantum dot self-assembly process. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2099.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brooks CL 3rd, Onuchic JN, Wales DJ. Statistical thermodynamics. Taking a walk on a landscape. Science. 2001;293(5530):612-613.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wei H, Xie K, Zhang J, et al. In situ growth of Ni(x)Cu(1-x) alloy nanocatalysts on redox-reversible rutile (Nb,Ti)O₄ towards high-temperature carbon dioxide electrolysis. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5156.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonnet P. Enterprise Data Governance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Cao L, Zhong J, Feng Y, eds. Advanced Data Mining and Applications: 6th International Conference, ADMA 2010, Chongqing, China, November 19-21, 2010, Proceedings, Part II. Vol 6441. Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Zakko L, Finch J, Rothe MJ, Grant-Kels JM. Plummer-Vinson Syndrome: Dermatological Features. In: Wu GY, Selsky N, Grant-Kels JM, eds. Atlas of Dermatological Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease. Springer; 2013:9-10.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics.

Blog post
Andrew E. Genetically Modified Cows Show Increased Tuberculosis Resistance. IFLScience. Published March 5, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Highway System: Refinements Would Strengthen the System. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Biller JT. Cyber-Terrorism: Finding a Common Starting Point. Published online 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller B. An Off-Duty Police Officer Is Robbed of Her Gun After Being Attacked in the Bronx. New York Times. July 16, 2015:A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
AbbreviationJ. Manipulative Physiol. Ther.
ISSN (print)0161-4754

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