How to format your references using the Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heyworth MF. Sky was not the limit for music-loving Herschel. Nature. 2000;407(6802):286.
A journal article with 2 authors
Errami M, Garner H. A tale of two citations. Nature. 2008;451(7177):397-399.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shah AK, Mullainathan S, Shafir E. Some consequences of having too little. Science. 2012;338(6107):682-685.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Burioni R, Casartelli M, di Volo M, Livi R, Vezzani A. Average synaptic activity and neural networks topology: a global inverse problem. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4336.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jacobsson M, Niemegeers I, Heemstra de Groot S. Personal Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
Tan Y, Shi Y, Tan KC, eds. Advances in Swarm Intelligence: First International Conference, ICSI 2010, Beijing, China, June 12-15, 2010, Proceedings, Part II. Vol 6146. Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
van Hee KM, Sidorova N, van der Werf JM. Business Process Modeling Using Petri Nets. In: Jensen K, Aalst WMP van der, Balbo G, Koutny M, Wolf K, eds. Transactions on Petri Nets and Other Models of Concurrency VII. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2013:116-161.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics.

Blog post
Evans K. 15 “Facts” About Sleep That Are Completely Wrong. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ADP Procurements: Food and Drug Administration Circumvented Procurement Regulations. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stangl BL. The Mediation of Cognitive Task Performance in Post-Menopausal Women: An Examination of the Effects of DHEA upon Cognition. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belo J. The Sanitation Worker’s Plight. New York Times. April 20, 2017:A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
AbbreviationJ. Manipulative Physiol. Ther.
ISSN (print)0161-4754

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