How to format your references using the Journal of Luminescence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Luminescence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Humphries, Drug development: a complicated path, Nature. 515 (2014) S4-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
S.A. Redmond, J.R. Chan, Neuroscience. Revitalizing remyelination--the answer is circulating, Science. 336 (2012) 161–162.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Nishida, J.-P. Montagner, H. Kawakatsu, Global surface wave tomography using seismic hum, Science. 326 (2009) 112.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.E. Giannakou, M. Goss, M.A. Jünger, E. Hafen, S.J. Leevers, L. Partridge, Long-lived Drosophila with overexpressed dFOXO in adult fat body, Science. 305 (2004) 361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.A. Bernatz, Fourier Series and Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
S. Chatterjee, Identity-Based Encryption, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Möser, J.L. Barros, Sonido estructural, in: J.L. Barros (Ed.), Ingeniería Acústica: Teoría y Aplicaciones, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009: pp. 115–140.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Luminescence.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, Scientists Shouldn’t Be Too Scared Of The Public When Discussing Climate Change, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, OFPP Followup to Federal Supply Schedule Recommendations, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.M. Kress, A phenomenological study exploring executive coaching: Understanding perceptions of self-awareness and leadership behavior changes, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.W. Walsh, In Puerto Rico, Talks Resume Between Utility and Creditors, New York Times. (2016) B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Luminescence
AbbreviationJ. Lumin.
ISSN (print)0022-2313
General Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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