How to format your references using the Journal of Luminescence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Luminescence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S.M. Wolfe, Medicine. Ephedra--scientific evidence versus money/politics, Science. 300 (2003) 437.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Thurner, S. Poledna, DebtRank-transparency: controlling systemic risk in financial networks, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1888.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. O’Nions, R. Pitman, C. Marsh, Science of nuclear warheads, Nature. 415 (2002) 853–857.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Wu, Y. Li, Q. Tang, G. Yue, J. Lin, M. Huang, L. Meng, Bifacial dye-sensitized solar cells: a strategy to enhance overall efficiency based on transparent polyaniline electrode, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4028.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Praetorius, B. Schößer, Bentonithandbuch, Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn, Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany, 2016.
An edited book
J.A. Yeakley, K.G. Maas-Hebner, R.M. Hughes, eds., Wild Salmonids in the Urbanizing Pacific Northwest, Springer, New York, NY, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Manseau, M. Keown, Development of an Assessment Methodology for Lower Leg Injuries Resulting from Anti-Vehicular Blast Landmines, in: M.D. Gilchrist (Ed.), IUTAM Symposium on Impact Biomechanics: From Fundamental Insights to Applications, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2005: pp. 33–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Luminescence.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Have Researchers Finally Settled The Nature Vs Nurture Debate?, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Highway Public-Private Partnerships: More Rigorous Up-front Analysis Could Better Secure Potential Benefits and Protect the Public Interest, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.D. Chamberlain, Policy and Behavior: Essays in Applied Microeconomics, Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, For Some Major Leaguers, It’s Always Great to See ‘Friends,’ New York Times. (2017) D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Luminescence
AbbreviationJ. Lumin.
ISSN (print)0022-2313
General Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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