How to format your references using the Journal of Luminescence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Luminescence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Dolgin, Devices: Artificial inspiration, Nature. 489 (2012) S12-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Chakravarti, A. Kapoor, Genetics. Mendelian puzzles, Science. 335 (2012) 930–931.
A journal article with 3 authors
G.T. Henry, C.K. Fortner, K.C. Bastian, The effects of experience and attrition for novice high-school science and mathematics teachers, Science. 335 (2012) 1118–1121.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Wang, H. Cheng, R.L. Edwards, Y. He, X. Kong, Z. An, J. Wu, M.J. Kelly, C.A. Dykoski, X. Li, The Holocene Asian monsoon: links to solar changes and North Atlantic climate, Science. 308 (2005) 854–857.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M.-Y. Leung, I.Y.S. Chan, C.L. Cooper, Stress Management in the Construction Industry, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
M. Shafique, Hardware/Software Architectures for Low-Power Embedded Multimedia Systems, Springer, New York, NY, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Davies, A. Saifuddin, Ultrasonography, in: A.M. Davies, M. Sundaram, S.L.J. James (Eds.), Imaging of Bone Tumors and Tumor-Like Lesions: Techniques and Applications, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009: pp. 85–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Luminescence.

Blog post
E. Andrew, We Mightn’t Like It, But There Are Ethical Reasons To Use Animals In Medical Research, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Educational Testing: The Canadian Experience With Standards, Examinations, and Assessments, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N. Khojandi, Investigating Secondary Infections and their Impact on Host Fitness in the Dictyostelium-Burkholderia Symbiosis System, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. McPHATE, Man Cuffed on Failure to Return VHS Tape, New York Times. (2016) A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Luminescence
AbbreviationJ. Lumin.
ISSN (print)0022-2313
General Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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