How to format your references using the Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Tawfik, D.S. Biochemistry. Loop grafting and the origins of enzyme species. Science 2006, 311, 475–476.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Di Noia, J.; Neuberger, M.S. Altering the pathway of immunoglobulin hypermutation by inhibiting uracil-DNA glycosylase. Nature 2002, 419, 43–48.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Murakoshi, H.; Wang, H.; Yasuda, R. Local, persistent activation of Rho GTPases during plasticity of single dendritic spines. Nature 2011, 472, 100–104.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Mai, S.; Walker, G.E.; Brunani, A.; Guzzaloni, G.; Grossi, G.; Oldani, A.; Aimaretti, G.; Scacchi, M.; Marzullo, P. Inherent insulin sensitivity is a major determinant of multimeric adiponectin responsiveness to short-term weight loss in extreme obesity. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5803.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Zwecher, M.J. Retirement Portfolios; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010; ISBN 9781118268261.
An edited book
1.
Constructive Neural Networks; Franco, L., Elizondo, D.A., Jerez, J.M., Eds.; Studies in Computational Intelligence; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; Vol. 258; ISBN 9783642045110.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sergej, T.; Mantiuk, R. Perceptual Evaluation of Demosaicing Artefacts. In Image Analysis and Recognition: 11th International Conference, ICIAR 2014, Vilamoura, Portugal, October 22-24, 2014, Proceedings, Part I; Campilho, A., Kamel, M., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; pp. 38–45 ISBN 9783319117577.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton, K. Does Your Smartphone Make You Less Likely To Trust Others? Available online: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/does-your-smartphone-make-you-less-likely-to-trust-others/ (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office First-Year Implementation of the Federal Managers’ Financial Integrity Act in the Department of Education; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1984;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gray, J.L. Overcoming the threat of racial stereotyping in the workplace. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University: Malibu, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey, G. Diplomatic Traveling Supporter Of U.S. Team Sees the Big Picture. New York Times 2010, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Low Power Electronics and Applications
ISSN (online)2079-9268
Scope

Other styles