How to format your references using the Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. Salaries in the balance. Nature 2009, 457, 750–751.
A journal article with 2 authors
Garcia-Castellanos, D.; Villaseñor, A. Messinian salinity crisis regulated by competing tectonics and erosion at the Gibraltar arc. Nature 2011, 480, 359–363.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, F.; Martienssen, R.; Cande, W.Z. Coordination of DNA replication and histone modification by the Rik1-Dos2 complex. Nature 2011, 475, 244–248.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hamad, I.; Delaporte, E.; Raoult, D.; Bittar, F. Detection of termites and other insects consumed by African great apes using molecular fecal analysis. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4478.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ghaye, T. Building the Reflective Healthcare Organisation; Blackwell Publishing Ltd: Oxford, UK, 2008; ISBN 9780470691809.
An edited book
Sustainable City Regions: Space, Place and Governance; Kidokoro, T., Harata, N., Subanu, L.P., Jessen, J., Motte, A., Seltzer, E.P., Eds.; cSUR-UT Series: Library for Sustainable Urban Regeneration; Springer Japan: Tokyo, 2008; Vol. 7; ISBN 9784431781462.
A chapter in an edited book
Yeaman, M.R.; Bayer, A.S. Antimicrobial Peptides Versus Invasive Infections. In Antimicrobial Peptides and Human Disease; Shafer, W.M., Ed.; Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006; pp. 111–152 ISBN 9783540299158.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Dead Fjord Brought To Life With Oxygen Pumps Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Social Security: Service to the Public--Accuracy of the 800 Phone Service; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1990;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robinson, A.C. A Geophysical and Geological Characterization of the Bonanza 3D Survey, Claiborne Group, Saint Landry and Evangeline Parishes, Louisiana. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana: Lafayette, LA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Tavernise, S. A Moscow of Dancing Feet, Under an Iron Fist. New York Times 2015, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Low Power Electronics and Applications
ISSN (online)2079-9268

Other styles