How to format your references using the Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mervis, J. The World of Undergraduate Education. Many Voices, One Message. Introduction to Special Issue. Science 2007, 317, 63.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kirchner, J.W.; Weil, A. Delayed Biological Recovery from Extinctions throughout the Fossil Record. Nature 2000, 404, 177–180.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nahm, H.-H.; Park, C.H.; Kim, Y.-S. Bistability of Hydrogen in ZnO: Origin of Doping Limit and Persistent Photoconductivity. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4124.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Long, J.A.; Ohno, C.; Smith, Z.R.; Meyerowitz, E.M. TOPLESS Regulates Apical Embryonic Fate in Arabidopsis. Science 2006, 312, 1520–1523.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
El-Reedy, M.A. Construction Management for Industrial Projects; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011; ISBN 9781118107249.
An edited book
Nanotechnology and Nanoelectronics: Materials, Devices, Measurement Techniques; Fahrner, W.R., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005; ISBN 9783540224525.
A chapter in an edited book
Giorello, G.; Sinigaglia, C. Space and Movement. On Husserl’s Geometry of the Visual Field. In Rediscovering Phenomenology: Phenomenological Essays on Mathematical Beings, Physical Reality, Perception and Consciousness; Boi, L., Kerszberg, P., Patras, F., Eds.; Phaenomenologica; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2007; pp. 103–123 ISBN 9781402058806.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. Thousands Of Galaxies On Death Row As They Are Stripped Of Their Gas Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office School Facilities: Physical Conditions in School Districts Receiving Impact Aid for Students Residing on Indian Lands; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2009;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tengco, M.A. Quality Home Care: Providing Personal Care and Homemaking Services for Seniors in the Community. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. Honing Their Chances With Photos and Wit. New York Times 2014, D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Low Power Electronics and Applications
ISSN (online)2079-9268

Other styles