How to format your references using the Human Molecular Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Molecular Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rabeharisoa,V. (2011) Genome-sequencing anniversary. Socializing genetic diseases. Science, 331, 1026–1027.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bercovici,D. and Karato,S.-I. (2003) Whole-mantle convection and the transition-zone water filter. Nature, 425, 39–44.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Zhang,P., Cohen,R.E. and Haule,K. (2015) Effects of electron correlations on transport properties of iron at Earth’s core conditions. Nature, 517, 605–607.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1. Martina,B.E.E., Haagmans,B.L., Kuiken,T., Fouchier,R.A.M., Rimmelzwaan,G.F., Van Amerongen,G., Peiris,J.S.M., Lim,W. and Osterhaus,A.D.M.E. (2003) Virology: SARS virus infection of cats and ferrets. Nature, 425, 915.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Micouin,P. (2014) Model-Based Systems Engineering John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
1. Benatallah,B., Casati,F., Kappel,G. and Rossi,G. eds. (2010) Web Engineering: 10th International Conference, ICWE 2010, Vienna Austria, July 5-9, 2010. Proceedings Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cheung,W.S. and Dragomir,S.S. (2014) A Survey on Ostrowski Type Inequalities for Riemann–Stieltjes Integral. In Rassias,T.M. (ed), Handbook of Functional Equations: Functional Inequalities, Springer Optimization and Its Applications. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 75–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Molecular Genetics.

Blog post
1. Andrew,E. (2015) The Ethics Of ‘Gifted’ Genes: The Road To Gattaca? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (2014) Information Technology: Leveraging Best Practices and Reform Initiatives Can Help Agencies Better Manage Investments U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Eskridge,R.D. (2012) Municipal government: Does institutional structural reform make a difference in local government?

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Burghardt,L.F. (2006) In Great Neck, a Debate On Firefighter Housing. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Molecular Genetics
AbbreviationHum. Mol. Genet.
ISSN (print)0964-6906
ISSN (online)1460-2083
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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