How to format your references using the Human Molecular Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Molecular Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Russo,E. (2003) The birth of biotechnology. Nature, 421, 456–457.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. LaRue,C.C. and Padilla,P.A. (2012) IBI series winner. A mutant search--Caenorhabditis elegans and gene discovery. Science, 338, 487–488.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Werner,S.L., Barken,D. and Hoffmann,A. (2005) Stimulus specificity of gene expression programs determined by temporal control of IKK activity. Science, 309, 1857–1861.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1. Suzuki,T., Hasan,Z., Funahashi,Y., Yamaguchi,T., Fujishiro,Y. and Awano,M. (2009) Impact of anode microstructure on solid oxide fuel cells. Science, 325, 852–855.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Yakushevich,L.V. (2005) Nonlinear Physics of DNA Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
1. Akiyama,J., Kano,M. and Sakai,T. eds. (2013) Computational Geometry and Graphs: Thailand-Japan Joint Conference, TJJCCGG 2012, Bangkok, Thailand, December 6-8, 2012, Revised Selected Papers Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Symeonidis,V., Hay,S., Vasileiou,K., Psallida,A., Karabasis,N. and Parasidou,E. (2016) The Future Schools Project: An Educational Initiative to Raise Students’ Voice. In Montgomery,A., Kehoe,I. (eds), Reimagining the Purpose of Schools and Educational Organisations: Developing Critical Thinking, Agency, Beliefs in Schools and Educational Organisations. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 35–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Molecular Genetics.

Blog post
1. Fang,J. (2015) Simple Memory Test Could Offer Hints of Alzheimer’s 18 Years Before Diagnosis. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (2000) Federal Communications Commission: Narrowband Personal Communications Services and Competitive Bidding U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Allyasin,F. (2010) Low-cost frequency-domain methods of ruby fluorescence lifetime measurements.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow,K. (2001) Survivors of the Winds of Change. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Molecular Genetics
AbbreviationHum. Mol. Genet.
ISSN (print)0964-6906
ISSN (online)1460-2083
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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