How to format your references using the Human Molecular Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Molecular Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rind,D. (2002) The Sun’s role in climate variations. Science, 296, 673–677.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Reynolds,J.D. and Freckleton,R.P. (2005) Ecology. Population dynamics: growing to extremes. Science, 309, 567–568.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Vais,H., Foskett,J.K. and Mak,D.-O.D. (2011) InsP3R channel gating altered by clustering? Nature, 478, E1-2; discussion E2-3.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1. Spengler,D., van Roermund,H.L.M., Drury,M.R., Ottolini,L., Mason,P.R.D. and Davies,G.R. (2006) Deep origin and hot melting of an Archaean orogenic peridotite massif in Norway. Nature, 440, 913–917.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Sabol,S. (2016) Case Studies in Mechanical Engineering John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
1. Bozanis,P. and Houstis,E.N. eds. (2005) Advances in Informatics: 10th Panhellenic Conference on Informatics, PCI 2005, Volas, Greece, November 11-13, 2005. Proceedings Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Li,X. and Mao,Y. (2016) Sharp Bounds of the Generalized (Edge-)Connectivity. In Mao,Y. (ed), Generalized Connectivity of Graphs, SpringerBriefs in Mathematics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 41–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Molecular Genetics.

Blog post
1. Luntz,S. (2016) Vera Rubin, Discoverer Of Dark Matter, Has Died Aged 88. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (1991) Space Communications: Better Understanding of Scheduling System Limitations Needed U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Ramirez,C. (2014) Perceived efficacy of the O*NET Skills Search Tool among individuals with high functioning autism.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Weber,B. (2016) Henry Worsley, a British Adventurer Trying to Cross Antarctica, Dies at 55. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Molecular Genetics
AbbreviationHum. Mol. Genet.
ISSN (print)0964-6906
ISSN (online)1460-2083
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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