How to format your references using the Human Molecular Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Molecular Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Thamdrup,B. (2007) Geochemistry. New players in an ancient cycle. Science, 317, 1508–1509.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Paukner,C. and Koziol,K.K.K. (2014) Ultra-pure single wall carbon nanotube fibres continuously spun without promoter. Sci. Rep., 4, 3903.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Pearson,P.N., Foster,G.L. and Wade,B.S. (2009) Atmospheric carbon dioxide through the Eocene-Oligocene climate transition. Nature, 461, 1110–1113.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1. Zhang,W., Lim,C.C., Korniss,G. and Szymanski,B.K. (2014) Opinion dynamics and influencing on random geometric graphs. Sci. Rep., 4, 5568.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Segal,H.P. (2012) Utopias Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
1. Guyenne,P., Nicholls,D. and Sulem,C. eds. (2015) Hamiltonian Partial Differential Equations and Applications 1st ed. 2015. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Ibraguimova,L. and Shatalov,O. (2012) Non-equilibrium Kinetics behind Shock Waves Experimental Aspects. In Brun,R. (ed), High Temperature Phenomena in Shock Waves. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 99–147.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Molecular Genetics.

Blog post
1. Davis,J. (2016) AIDS Epidemic In Australia Declared ‘Over’ By Experts. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (1984) Federal White-Collar Special Rate Program U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. McAvoy,D.L. (2012) Coming of age with Shakespeare: The convergence of American youth culture and high culture since the 1980s.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Williams,J. (2017) The Russian Revolution, Without Fiction. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Molecular Genetics
AbbreviationHum. Mol. Genet.
ISSN (print)0964-6906
ISSN (online)1460-2083
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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