How to format your references using the Human Molecular Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Molecular Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Shendure,J. (2010) Journal club. A geneticist discusses a way to assess the effects of disease-causing gene mutations. Nature, 463, 405.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Baldauf,D. and Desimone,R. (2014) Neural mechanisms of object-based attention. Science, 344, 424–427.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Moles,A., Kieffer,B.L. and D’Amato,F.R. (2004) Deficit in attachment behavior in mice lacking the mu-opioid receptor gene. Science, 304, 1983–1986.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1. Janisch,C., Wang,Y., Ma,D., Mehta,N., Elías,A.L., Perea-López,N., Terrones,M., Crespi,V. and Liu,Z. (2014) Extraordinary Second Harmonic Generation in tungsten disulfide monolayers. Sci. Rep., 4, 5530.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kerzner,H. and Belack,C. (2010) Managing Complex Projects John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
1. Day,J.W., Kemp,G.P., Freeman,A.M. and Muth,D.P. eds. (2014) Perspectives on the Restoration of the Mississippi Delta: The Once and Future Delta Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
1. de Oliveira,A.M.P. and Barbosa,J.C. (2013) Mathematical Modelling, Mathematical Content and Tensions in Discourses. In Stillman,G.A., Kaiser,G., Blum,W., Brown,J.P. (eds), Teaching Mathematical Modelling: Connecting to Research and Practice, International Perspectives on the Teaching and Learning of Mathematical Modelling. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 67–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Molecular Genetics.

Blog post
1. Davis,J. (2017) Low Oxygen Levels In The Ocean Could Lead To More Wildfires In The Future. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (2004) Telecommunications: German DTV Transition Differs from U.S. Transition in Many Respects, but Certain Key Challenges Are Similar U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Perilla,J.Y. (2015) Support group for neonatal intensive care families: A grant proposal.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kenigsberg,B. (2017) Film Series. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Molecular Genetics
AbbreviationHum. Mol. Genet.
ISSN (print)0964-6906
ISSN (online)1460-2083
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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