How to format your references using the Human Molecular Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Molecular Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Spaldin,N. (2015) Find your most interesting question. Science, 349, 110.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Lowell,B.B. and Spiegelman,B.M. (2000) Towards a molecular understanding of adaptive thermogenesis. Nature, 404, 652–660.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Maskus,K.E., Mobarak,A.M. and Stuen,E.T. (2013) Economics. Doctoral students and U.S. immigration policy. Science, 342, 562–563.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1. Wang,L., Wang,Z., Zhang,Y. and Li,X. (2013) How human location-specific contact patterns impact spatial transmission between populations? Sci. Rep., 3, 1468.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ramirez,J. (2015) Accounting for Derivatives John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
1. Gill,T.D., Geiß,R., Heinsch,R., McCormack,T., Paulussen,C. and Dorsey,J. eds. (2015) Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 2013 T.M.C. Asser Press, The Hague.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Praussello,F. (2015) The Impact of the Eurozone Crisis on a Periphery Country: The Case of Italy. In Katsikides,S., Koktsidis,P.I. (eds), Societies in Transition: Economic, Political and Security Transformations in Contemporary Europe. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 57–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Molecular Genetics.

Blog post
1. Andrew,E. (2015) New Study Finds Marijuana Safer Than Alcohol Or Tobacco. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (1994) Airport Competition: Essential Air Service Slots at O’Hare International Airport U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Shah,R.A. (2010) Who am I? A biracial and interfaith woman’s perspective: A personal narrative.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Feeney,K. (2007) Order at the Court. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Molecular Genetics
AbbreviationHum. Mol. Genet.
ISSN (print)0964-6906
ISSN (online)1460-2083
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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