How to format your references using the Human Molecular Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Molecular Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Nudo,R.J. (2015) Rehabilitation: Boost for movement. Nature, 527, 314–315.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Rohde,R.A. and Muller,R.A. (2005) Cycles in fossil diversity. Nature, 434, 208–210.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Froemke,R.C., Poo,M.-M. and Dan,Y. (2005) Spike-timing-dependent synaptic plasticity depends on dendritic location. Nature, 434, 221–225.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1. Balanyá,J., Oller,J.M., Huey,R.B., Gilchrist,G.W. and Serra,L. (2006) Global genetic change tracks global climate warming in Drosophila subobscura. Science, 313, 1773–1775.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Shreves,R. (2009) Joomla!® Bible Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA.
An edited book
1. Heng,S.-H. and Kurosawa,K. eds. (2010) Provable Security: 4th International Conference, ProvSec 2010, Malacca, Malaysia, October 13-15, 2010. Proceedings Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Infante,J.C. and Dzakovic,A. (2016) The Liver. In Scholz,S., Jarboe,M.D. (eds), Diagnostic and Interventional Ultrasound in Pediatrics and Pediatric Surgery. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 49–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Molecular Genetics.

Blog post
1. Andrew,D. (2015) Why Are There More Men Than Women? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (2017) Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority: Improved Planning of Future Rehabilitation Projects Could Prevent Limitations Identified with SafeTrack U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Barta,M.E. (2009) Culture, customer-centricity, and customer relationship management in an online postsecondary learning institution.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kleiman,K. (2011) Change Sweeps Through Black Theater in Chicago. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Molecular Genetics
AbbreviationHum. Mol. Genet.
ISSN (print)0964-6906
ISSN (online)1460-2083
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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