How to format your references using the Human Molecular Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Molecular Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Batygin,K. (2012) A primordial origin for misalignments between stellar spin axes and planetary orbits. Nature, 491, 418–420.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Keller,G.B. and Hahnloser,R.H.R. (2009) Neural processing of auditory feedback during vocal practice in a songbird. Nature, 457, 187–190.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Bailey,S., Eliason,W.K. and Steitz,T.A. (2007) Structure of hexameric DnaB helicase and its complex with a domain of DnaG primase. Science, 318, 459–463.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1. Yao,L., Garmash,O., Bianchi,F., Zheng,J., Yan,C., Kontkanen,J., Junninen,H., Mazon,S.B., Ehn,M., Paasonen,P., et al. (2018) Atmospheric new particle formation from sulfuric acid and amines in a Chinese megacity. Science, 361, 278–281.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Brown,C. (2012) Mastering Elliott Wave Principle John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
1. Esteban,M., Akiyama,T., Chen,C., Ikeda,I. and Mino,T. eds. (2016) Sustainability Science: Field Methods and Exercises Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hazarika,M. and Dixit,U.S. (2015) A Fuzzy Set Based Setup Planning Methodology. In Dixit,U.S. (ed), Setup Planning for Machining, SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 67–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Molecular Genetics.

Blog post
1. Andrew,E. (2014) Cartwheeling Spider Discovered. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (2007) Airport Finance: Observations on Planned Airport Development Costs and Funding Levels and the Administration’s Proposed Changes in the Airport Improvement Program U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lincoln,J.J. (2010) Creating a lesson that addresses gender differences in physics testing a specific instructional technique in college level physics education.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Dominus,S. (2016) They Were With Her From the Very Start. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Molecular Genetics
AbbreviationHum. Mol. Genet.
ISSN (print)0964-6906
ISSN (online)1460-2083
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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