How to format your references using the Journal of Micro and Nano-Manufacturing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Micro and Nano-Manufacturing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
MacWilliams, B., 2003, “Russia Pulls out of Antarctic Station,” Nature, 422(6928), p. 104.
A journal article with 2 authors
Saunders, L. R., and Verdin, E., 2009, “Cell Biology. Stress Response and Aging,” Science, 323(5917), pp. 1021–1022.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meier, P., Finch, A., and Evan, G., 2000, “Apoptosis in Development,” Nature, 407(6805), pp. 796–801.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, G.-H., Lee, H.-Y., Li, B., Kim, H.-R., and Chae, H.-J., 2014, “Bax Inhibitor-1-Mediated Inhibition of Mitochondrial Ca2+ Intake Regulates Mitochondrial Permeability Transition Pore Opening and Cell Death,” Sci. Rep., 4, p. 5194.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Edwards, D. W., 2014, Risk Management in Trading, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Uden, L., Corchado Rodríguez, E. S., De Paz Santana, J. F., and De la Prieta, F., eds., 2012, Workshop on Learning Technology for Education in Cloud (LTEC’12), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Huang, Z., Li, Q., and Ding, H., 2013, “Kinematic Influence Coefficient and Kinematics Analysis,” Theory of Parallel Mechanisms, Q. Li, and H. Ding, eds., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 135–162.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Micro and Nano-Manufacturing.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016, “Cosmic Rays Increased Chances Of Apollo Astronauts Having Heart Problems, Study Says,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009, Federal Aviation Administration: Human Capital System Incorporates Many Leading Practices, but Improving Employees’ Satisfaction with Their Workplace Remains a Challenge, GAO-10-89, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robles, B., 2009, “Academic Achievement among Foster Care Children with a Disability: A Grant Proposal,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vlasic, B., 2015, “U.A.W. Chief Expects Deal on Contract at Chrysler,” New York Times, p. B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Micro and Nano-Manufacturing
AbbreviationJ. Micro Nanomanuf.
ISSN (print)2166-0468
ISSN (online)2166-0476

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