How to format your references using the Journal of Micro and Nano-Manufacturing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Micro and Nano-Manufacturing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grayson, M., 2015, “Bees,” Nature, 521(7552), p. S47.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schadt, C. W., and Rosling, A., 2015, “FUNGAL BIOGEOGRAPHY. Comment on ‘Global Diversity and Geography of Soil Fungi,’” Science, 348(6242), p. 1438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schaller, T., Goujon, C., and Malim, M. H., 2012, “AIDS/HIV. HIV Interplay with SAMHD1,” Science, 335(6074), pp. 1313–1314.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ozaki, K., Spolski, R., Feng, C. G., Qi, C.-F., Cheng, J., Sher, A., Morse, H. C., 3rd, Liu, C., Schwartzberg, P. L., and Leonard, W. J., 2002, “A Critical Role for IL-21 in Regulating Immunoglobulin Production,” Science, 298(5598), pp. 1630–1634.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ginena, K., and Hamid, A., 2015, Foundations of Sharī‘ah Governance of Islamic Banks, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Yelon, J. A., and Luchette, F. A., eds., 2014, Geriatric Trauma and Critical Care, Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Greve, F., Sens, P., Arantes, L., and Simon, V., 2011, “A Failure Detector for Wireless Networks with Unknown Membership,” Euro-Par 2011 Parallel Processing: 17th International Conference, Euro-Par 2011, Bordeaux, France, August 29 - September 2, 2011, Proceedings, Part II, E. Jeannot, R. Namyst, and J. Roman, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 27–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Micro and Nano-Manufacturing.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015, “Different Butterflies And Moths Experience Climate Change Differently,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007, Public Transportation: Survey of Project Sponsors on Their Transit Projects and Experience with the Federal Transit Administration’s New Starts and Small Starts Programs (GAO-07-927SP, July 2007), an E-Supplement to GAO-07-917, GAO-07-927SP, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rahschulte, R. L., 2014, “An Examination of the Effectiveness and Efficiency of Detect, Practice, and Repair versus Traditional Cover, Copy, and Compare Procedures: A Component Analysis,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Steinhauer, J., 2017, “Long Critical of Trump’s Ideas, Republicans Now Applaud Them,” New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Micro and Nano-Manufacturing
AbbreviationJ. Micro Nanomanuf.
ISSN (print)2166-0468
ISSN (online)2166-0476

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