How to format your references using the Journal of Micro and Nano-Manufacturing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Micro and Nano-Manufacturing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fairley, W. B., 2000, “Outrageous Events: Don’t Count Them Out,” Science, 290(5492), p. 715.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bandyopadhyay, P. R., and Hellum, A. M., 2014, “Modeling How Shark and Dolphin Skin Patterns Control Transitional Wall-Turbulence Vorticity Patterns Using Spatiotemporal Phase Reset Mechanisms,” Sci. Rep., 4, p. 6650.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hammarström, P., Schneider, F., and Kelly, J. W., 2001, “Trans-Suppression of Misfolding in an Amyloid Disease,” Science, 293(5539), pp. 2459–2462.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chow, A., Toomre, D., Garrett, W., and Mellman, I., 2002, “Dendritic Cell Maturation Triggers Retrograde MHC Class II Transport from Lysosomes to the Plasma Membrane,” Nature, 418(6901), pp. 988–994.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blanchet, G., and Dupouy, B., 2012, Computer Architecture, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Plattner, H., Meinel, C., and Leifer, L., eds., 2016, Design Thinking Research: Making Design Thinking Foundational, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Diehl, M. C., Elmore, L. W., and Holt, S. E., 2009, “Telomere Dysfunction and the DNA Damage Response,” Telomeres and Telomerase in Cancer, K. Hiyama, ed., Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 87–125.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Micro and Nano-Manufacturing.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015, “Let The People Decide New Place Names On Mercury And Pluto,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002, Marine Transportation: Federal Financing and an Infrastructure Investment Framework, GAO-02-1090T, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Szurgyi, A. A., 2012, “Leadership Competencies Required of Army Officers to Counter the Improvised Explosive Device Threat,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2007, “Justices Reject Suit on Federal Money for Faith-Based Office,” New York Times, p. A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Micro and Nano-Manufacturing
AbbreviationJ. Micro Nanomanuf.
ISSN (print)2166-0468
ISSN (online)2166-0476

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