How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cognition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cognition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lack, H. W. (2001). Floral tributes. Nature 411, 137.
A journal article with 2 authors
Frank, S. A., and Nowak, M. A. (2003). Cell biology: Developmental predisposition to cancer. Nature 422, 494.
A journal article with 3 authors
Oka, Y., Ye, M., and Zuker, C. S. (2015). Thirst driving and suppressing signals encoded by distinct neural populations in the brain. Nature 520, 349–352.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dodson, J., Dodson, E., Banati, R., Li, X., Atahan, P., Hu, S., et al. (2014). Oldest directly dated remains of sheep in China. Sci. Rep. 4, 7170.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Machin, D., and Campbell, M. J. (2005). Design of Studies for Medical Research. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Habib, G. ed. (2016). Infective Endocarditis: Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Imaging, Therapy, and Prevention. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Sundararajan, V., and Wright, P. (2007). “CyberCut: A Coordinated Pipeline of Design, Process Planning and Manufacture,” in Process Planning and Scheduling for Distributed Manufacturing Springer Series in Advanced Manufacturing., eds. L. Wang and W. Shen (London: Springer), 91–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cognition.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). How Much Radiation Damage Do Astronauts Really Suffer In Space? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999). Railroad Regulation: Current Issues Associated With the Rate Relief Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kott, T. M. (2012). Measurements of correlated two-dimensional electrons in the lowest Landau level on silicon(111).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002). Neighbors Defend Park From a Soccer Invasion. New York Times, 148.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lack, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Lack, 2001; Frank and Nowak, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Frank and Nowak, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Dodson et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cognition
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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