How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cognition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cognition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, C. (2005). Genomics: genotyping gets up to speed. Nature 435, 992.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mullins, C. B., and Sitz, G. O. (2008). Chemistry. Taking a selective bite out of methane. Science 319, 736–737.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meloso, D., Copic, J., and Bossaerts, P. (2009). Promoting intellectual discovery: patents versus markets. Science 323, 1335–1339.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chang, H. H., Hemberg, M., Barahona, M., Ingber, D. E., and Huang, S. (2008). Transcriptome-wide noise controls lineage choice in mammalian progenitor cells. Nature 453, 544–547.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, P. G., and Chan, T. (2011). The Chinese Yuan. 2 Clementi Loop, #02-01, Singapore 129809: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Babin, L., Good, N. A., Kromann, F. M., and Stephens, J. eds. (2005). PHP 5 Recipes: A Problem-Solution Approach. Berkeley, CA: A-Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Ullmann, J., and Allgeier, T. (2014). “Cylinder-charge control systems,” in Diesel Engine Management: Systems and Components, ed. K. Reif (Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden), 46–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cognition.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017). “Intellectual Humility” Is Surprisingly Bipartisan. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000). Information Technology: Selected Agencies’ Use of Commercial Off-the-Shelf Software for Human Resources Functions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adler, A. D. (2012). Change in Automatic and Strategic Cognition: An Examination of Cognitive Therapy for Depression.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman, W. (2014). Colombia’s President Reinstates a Mayor He Ousted. New York Times, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Smith, 2005; Mullins and Sitz, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mullins and Sitz, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Chang et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cognition
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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