How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cognition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cognition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meyer, A. (2004). Learning from the Altmeister. Nature 428, 897.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alekseyenko, A. A., and Kuroda, M. I. (2004). Molecular biology. Filling gaps in genome organization. Science 303, 1148–1149.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bloss, T. A., Witze, E. S., and Rothman, J. H. (2003). Suppression of CED-3-independent apoptosis by mitochondrial betaNAC in Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature 424, 1066–1071.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
de Garidel-Thoron, T., Rosenthal, Y., Bassinot, F., and Beaufort, L. (2005). Stable sea surface temperatures in the western Pacific warm pool over the past 1.75 million years. Nature 433, 294–298.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fabozzi, F. J., and Drake, P. P. (2009). Finance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rios, P. de M. (2014). Symbol Correspondences for Spin Systems. , ed. E. Straume Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Tal, M. C., and Iwasaki, A. (2009). “Autophagy and Innate Recognition Systems,” in Autophagy in Infection and Immunity Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology., eds. B. Levine, T. Yoshimori, and V. Deretic (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 107–121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cognition.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Can Invertebrates Feel Pain? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). FCC: Maritime Communications. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tchen, Y. (2010). An evaluation of the effectiveness of mandatory reporting of health care associated infection.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992). THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton Presents Hard Line To Bring In North Carolina. New York Times, A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Meyer, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Alekseyenko and Kuroda, 2004; Meyer, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Alekseyenko and Kuroda, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (de Garidel-Thoron et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cognition
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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