How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cognition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cognition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Li, W. (2009). Small but effective moves towards a greener China. Nature 460, 683–684.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burton, D. R., and Weiss, R. A. (2010). AIDS/HIV. A boost for HIV vaccine design. Science 329, 770–773.
A journal article with 3 authors
Culley, A. I., Lang, A. S., and Suttle, C. A. (2006). Metagenomic analysis of coastal RNA virus communities. Science 312, 1795–1798.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wernsdorfer, W., Aliaga-Alcalde, N., Hendrickson, D. N., and Christou, G. (2002). Exchange-biased quantum tunnelling in a supramolecular dimer of single-molecule magnets. Nature 416, 406–409.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blundell, A., Harrison, R., and Turney, B. (2010). The Essential Guide to Becoming a Doctor. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Kim, T.-H., Kim, H.-K., Khan, M. K., Kiumi, A., Fang, W.-C., and Ślęzak, D. eds. (2010). Advances in Software Engineering: International Conference, ASEA 2010, Held as Part of the Future Generation Information Technology Conference, FGIT 2010, Jeju Island, Korea, December 13-15, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bretl, T., and McCarthy, Z. (2013). “Equilibrium Configurations of a Kirchhoff Elastic Rod under Quasi-static Manipulation,” in Algorithmic Foundations of Robotics X: Proceedings of the Tenth Workshop on the Algorithmic Foundations of Robotics Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics., eds. E. Frazzoli, T. Lozano-Perez, N. Roy, and D. Rus (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 71–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cognition.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Chimpanzees Are Over-Hunting Their Prey To Local Extinction. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992). Education Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fregoso, J. (2015). Through the pipeline: Degree aspirations of African American and Latino males enrolled in California community colleges.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McWHORTER, J. (2017). How to Listen to Donald Trump Every Day for Years. New York Times, SR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Li, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Li, 2009; Burton and Weiss, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burton and Weiss, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Wernsdorfer et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cognition
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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