How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cognition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cognition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Danger, B. (2007). Don’t stop me now. Nature 445, 334–335.
A journal article with 2 authors
Green, D. R., and Kroemer, G. (2004). The pathophysiology of mitochondrial cell death. Science 305, 626–629.
A journal article with 3 authors
Soung, Y. H., Pruitt, K., and Chung, J. (2014). Epigenetic silencing of ARRDC3 expression in basal-like breast cancer cells. Sci. Rep. 4, 3846.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ghosh, S., Rosenbaum, T. F., Aeppli, G., and Coppersmith, S. N. (2003). Entangled quantum state of magnetic dipoles. Nature 425, 48–51.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kossiakoff, A., and Sweet, W. N. (2005). Systems Engineering Principles and Practice. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Malyshkin, V. ed. (2007). Parallel Computing Technologies: 9th International Conference, PaCT 2007, Pereslavl-Zalessky, Russia, September 3-7, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cetinkaya, B. (2011). “Managing Outside Your Organisation,” in Sustainable Supply Chain Management: Practical Ideas for Moving Towards Best Practice, eds. B. Cetinkaya, G. Ewer, T. Klaas-Wissing, W. Piotrowicz, and C. Tyssen (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 117–151.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cognition.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017). Ultra, Super, Clean Coal Power? We’ve Heard It Before. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995). U.S.-Japan Cooperative Development: Progress on FS-X Program Enhances Japanese Aerospace Capabilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Conlin, L. D. (2012). Building shared understandings in introductory physics tutorials through risk, repair, conflict & comedy.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2013). Trainer Denies Giving Banned Drugs to Jamaican Sprinters. New York Times, B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Danger, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Danger, 2007; Green and Kroemer, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Green and Kroemer, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Ghosh et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cognition
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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