How to format your references using the Journal of Logic, Language and Information citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Logic, Language and Information. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Markham, J. (2014). Rare species occupy uncommon niches. Scientific reports, 4, 6012.
A journal article with 2 authors
Poinar, G. O., Jr, & Danforth, B. N. (2006). A fossil bee from Early Cretaceous Burmese amber. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5799), 614.
A journal article with 3 authors
Charlson, R. J., Valero, F. P. J., & Seinfeld, J. H. (2005). Atmospheric science. In search of balance. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5723), 806–807.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Levitus, S., Antonov, J. I., Wang, J., Delworth, T. L., Dixon, K. W., & Broccoli, A. J. (2001). Anthropogenic warming of Earth’s climate system. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5515), 267–270.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hopkins, B. R. (2009). Fundraising Law Made Easy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Biscari, P. (2013). Meccanica Razionale. (G. Saccomandi, T. Ruggeri, & M. Vianello, Eds.) (Vol. 69). Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Andrzejewski, K., Rovenski, V., & Walczak, P. (2014). Integral Formulas in Foliation Theory. In V. Rovenski & P. Walczak (Eds.), Geometry and its Applications (pp. 73–82). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Logic, Language and Information.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, October 22). Animals Can Be Giant Jerks. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Transportation Trust Funds (No. AIMD-95-95R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rayford, S. (2014). A Qualitative Analysis of Mentoring Experiences and Perceptions of Female Students Enrolled in a Doctoral Program in Education at a Midwestern University (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016, October 6). Bumgarner and Big Blast Leave Mets Blanked and Blue. New York Times, p. B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Markham 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Markham 2014; Poinar and Danforth 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Poinar and Danforth 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Levitus et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Logic, Language and Information
AbbreviationJ. Logic Lang. Inf.
ISSN (print)0925-8531
ISSN (online)1572-9583
Computer Science (miscellaneous)
Linguistics and Language

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