How to format your references using the Journal of Logic, Language and Information citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Logic, Language and Information. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, O. (2001). Development. Nota bene: a SAC of crumbs and stardust. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5551), 2498.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kosten, S., & Lacerot, G. (2009). Life in science. It takes a village. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5932), 1265.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yurtsever, A., van der Veen, R. M., & Zewail, A. H. (2012). Subparticle ultrafast spectrum imaging in 4D electron microscopy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6064), 59–64.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Burnett, K., Julienne, P. S., Lett, P. D., Tiesinga, E., & Williams, C. J. (2002). Quantum encounters of the cold kind. Nature, 416(6877), 225–232.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leis, J. W. (2011). Digital Signal Processing Using MATLAB for Students and Researchers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hagoel, L. (2016). From the Margins to New Ground: An Autoethnography of Passage between Disciplines. (D. Kalekin-Fishman, Ed.). Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Mayaux, P., Eva, H., Brink, A., Achard, F., & Belward, A. (2008). Remote Sensing of Land-Cover and Land-Use Dynamics. In E. Chuvieco (Ed.), Earth Observation of Global Change: The Role of Satellite Remote Sensing in Monitoring the Global Environment (pp. 85–108). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Logic, Language and Information.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, February 28). Falling In Love In Virtual Reality Could Be A Deeper Experience Than Real Life. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). National Airspace System: Persistent Problems in FAA’s New Navigation System Highlight Need for Periodic Reevaluation (No. RCED/AIMD-00-130). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peterson, K. (2015). Development of a facility-specific dietary training program for diet technicians (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, B., & Palmer, E. (2015, November 22). Suspect in Pregnant Woman’s Death Left Cryptic Trail. New York Times, p. A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Kosten and Lacerot 2009; Smith 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kosten and Lacerot 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Burnett et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Logic, Language and Information
AbbreviationJ. Logic Lang. Inf.
ISSN (print)0925-8531
ISSN (online)1572-9583
Computer Science (miscellaneous)
Linguistics and Language

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