How to format your references using the Journal of Logic, Language and Information citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Logic, Language and Information. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nilsen, T. W. (2014). Molecular biology. Internal mRNA methylation finally finds functions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6176), 1207–1208.
A journal article with 2 authors
Noor, E., & Milo, R. (2012). Evolution. Efficiency in evolutionary trade-offs. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6085), 1114–1115.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ward, C. V., Kimbel, W. H., & Johanson, D. C. (2011). Complete fourth metatarsal and arches in the foot of Australopithecus afarensis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6018), 750–753.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, W.-W., Xie, C.-L., Lu, L., & Zheng, G.-Q. (2014). A systematic review and meta-analysis of Baihui (GV20)-based scalp acupuncture in experimental ischemic stroke. Scientific reports, 4, 3981.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kuehni, R. G. (2012). Color. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Basili, R., Bosco, C., Delmonte, R., Moschitti, A., & Simi, M. (Eds.). (2015). Harmonization and Development of Resources and Tools for Italian Natural Language Processing within the PARLI Project (Vol. 589). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Tomlinson, S. E., Lewis, R., & Carré, M. J. (2008). Friction between Players’ Hands and Sports Equipment (P7). In P. Brisson (Ed.), The Engineering of Sport 7: Vol. 1 (pp. 27–34). Paris: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Logic, Language and Information.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, May 15). Italy To Make Vaccinations Mandatory For Schoolchildren. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Gray Market Vehicle Program: Extension Warranted, but Improvements in Vehicle Identification Are Needed (No. RCED-94-22). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klyce, L. R. (2008). Assessing parent-child agreement on an eating disorder symptom questionnaire (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2006, October 21). School Chief, Never Accused, Quits After Scandal. New York Times, p. LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nilsen 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Nilsen 2014; Noor and Milo 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Noor and Milo 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Logic, Language and Information
AbbreviationJ. Logic Lang. Inf.
ISSN (print)0925-8531
ISSN (online)1572-9583
Computer Science (miscellaneous)
Linguistics and Language

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