How to format your references using the Journal of Logic, Language and Information citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Logic, Language and Information. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knudsen, E. I. (2002). Instructed learning in the auditory localization pathway of the barn owl. Nature, 417(6886), 322–328.
A journal article with 2 authors
Francesconi, M., & Lehner, B. (2014). The effects of genetic variation on gene expression dynamics during development. Nature, 505(7482), 208–211.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, S., Bluemle, M. J., & Bates, F. S. (2010). Discovery of a Frank-Kasper sigma phase in sphere-forming block copolymer melts. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6002), 349–353.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pelletier, L., O’Toole, E., Schwager, A., Hyman, A. A., & Müller-Reichert, T. (2006). Centriole assembly in Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature, 444(7119), 619–623.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sailor, M. J. (2011). Porous Silicon in Practice. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Kurosu, M. (Ed.). (2015). Human-Computer Interaction: Users and Contexts: 17th International Conference, HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015, Proceedings, Part III (Vol. 9171). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Robinson, W., & Campbell, R. J. (2010). School Values and Effective Pedagogy: Case Studies of Two Leading Edge Schools in England. In T. Lovat, R. Toomey, & N. Clement (Eds.), International Research Handbook on Values Education and Student Wellbeing (pp. 75–90). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Logic, Language and Information.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, July 3). Is It OK To Have A Beer After Exercise? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Spectrum Management: FCC’s Licensing Approach in the 11, 18, and 23 Gigahertz Bands Currently Supports Spectrum Availability and Efficiency (No. GAO-13-78R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Himschoot, A. R. (2012). Student perception of relevance of biology content to everyday life: A study in higher education biology courses (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M. (2017, May 25). Kushner Friend Steps Down as Editor of the Observer. New York Times, p. B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knudsen 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Francesconi and Lehner 2014; Knudsen 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Francesconi and Lehner 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Pelletier et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Logic, Language and Information
AbbreviationJ. Logic Lang. Inf.
ISSN (print)0925-8531
ISSN (online)1572-9583
Computer Science (miscellaneous)
Linguistics and Language

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