How to format your references using the Journal of Logic, Language and Information citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Logic, Language and Information. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Severinghaus, J. P. (2009). Atmospheric science. Monsoons and meltdowns. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5950), 240–241.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gallo, R. C., & Montagnier, L. (2002). Historical essay. Prospects for the future. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5599), 1730–1731.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sharp, P. M., Rayner, J. C., & Hahn, B. H. (2013). Evolution. Great apes and zoonoses. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6130), 284–286.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fadrique, B., Báez, S., Duque, Á., Malizia, A., Blundo, C., Carilla, J., et al. (2018). Widespread but heterogeneous responses of Andean forests to climate change. Nature.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kirsh, S. J. (2009). Media and Youth. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Halwachs-Baumann, G. (Ed.). (2011). Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection: Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Therapy. Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lam, H.-K., & Leung, F. H.-F. (2010). Chapter 5 Stability Analysis of FMB Control Systems Using PDLF. In F. H.-F. Leung (Ed.), Stability Analysis of Fuzzy-Model-Based Control Systems: Linear-Matrix-Inequality Approach (pp. 85–100). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Logic, Language and Information.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, August 11). Golden Curse Tablets Have Been Found In A Roman Tomb. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1983). GAO Research Guide: Electronic Data Processing (No. OLS-83-3). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Popoveniuc, S. (2009). A framework for secure mixnet-based electronic voting (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2013, April 23). S.&P. Seeks Dismissal of U.S. Civil Suit Over Rating of Mortgage Debt. New York Times, p. B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Severinghaus 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Gallo and Montagnier 2002; Severinghaus 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gallo and Montagnier 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Fadrique et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Logic, Language and Information
AbbreviationJ. Logic Lang. Inf.
ISSN (print)0925-8531
ISSN (online)1572-9583
Computer Science (miscellaneous)
Linguistics and Language

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