How to format your references using the The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Szathmáry E. Evolution. Darwin for all seasons. Science. 2006;313(5785):306-307.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Delbarco-Trillo J, Ferkin MH. Male mammals respond to a risk of sperm competition conveyed by odours of conspecific males. Nature. 2004;431(7007):446-449.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Marston JO, Riker PW, Thoroddsen ST. Generation of ultra-sound during tape peeling. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4326.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Frescas D, Guardavaccaro D, Bassermann F, Koyama-Nasu R, Pagano M. JHDM1B/FBXL10 is a nucleolar protein that represses transcription of ribosomal RNA genes. Nature. 2007;450(7167):309-313.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Berthier J, Brakke KA, Berthier E. Open Microfluidics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Hogeling M, ed. Case-Based Inpatient Pediatric Dermatology. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bliem B, Pichler R, Woltran S. Declarative Dynamic Programming as an Alternative Realization of Courcelle’s Theorem. In: Gutin G, Szeider S, eds. Parameterized and Exact Computation: 8th International Symposium, IPEC 2013, Sophia Antipolis, France, September 4-6, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing; 2013:28-40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. Pygmy-Possums In Hibernation Can Sense Danger From Fires. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: FCC’s Handling of Formal Complaints Filed Against Common Carriers. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Grzeda S. Use of Binomial Cluster Analysis in the Identification of Temporary Disaster Debris Management Sites. Published online 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Koblin J. HBO Renews 3 Series. New York Times. November 14, 2016:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Contin. Educ. Nurs.
ISSN (print)0022-0124
ISSN (online)1938-2472
ScopeReview and Exam Preparation

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