How to format your references using the The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buchen L. Cancer: Missing the mark. Nature. 2011;471(7339):428-432.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yea SS, Fruman DA. Cell signaling. New mTOR targets Grb attention. Science. 2011;332(6035):1270-1271.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baldini JUL, McDermott F, Fairchild IJ. Structure of the 8200-year cold event revealed by a speleothem trace element record. Science. 2002;296(5576):2203-2206.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Stewart AJ, Schmidt MW, van Westrenen W, Liebske C. Mars: a new core-crystallization regime. Science. 2007;316(5829):1323-1325.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baudin P. Wireless Transceiver Architecture. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Fürnkranz J, Scheffer T, Spiliopoulou M, eds. Machine Learning: ECML 2006: 17th European Conference on Machine Learning Berlin, Germany, September 18-22, 2006 Proceedings. Vol 4212. Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Scudder SJ. Anatomy of a Southwest Florida Sand Burial Mound Smith Mound at the Pineland Site Complex. In: Reitz EJ, Scudder SJ, Scarry CM, eds. Case Studies in Environmental Archaeology. Interdisciplinary Contributions to Archaeology. Springer; 2008:81-93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing.

Blog post
Hale T. Gorgeous Imaginary “Flyby” Of Mars Created Using Real Images. IFLScience. Published March 27, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FAA Staffing: New Pay Act Offers Options to Bolster Maintenance Work Force. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alexandre KM. Identifying Mechanisms Regulating Wnt Signaling during Postembryonic Development. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Philpott ML. My Adventures in Accountability. New York Times. July 14, 2017:SR9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Contin. Educ. Nurs.
ISSN (print)0022-0124
ISSN (online)1938-2472
ScopeReview and Exam Preparation

Other styles