How to format your references using the The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Fry DP. Life without war. Science. 2012;336(6083):879-884.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Diamond J, Bellwood P. Farmers and their languages: the first expansions. Science. 2003;300(5619):597-603.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Shoemaker CJ, Eyler DE, Green R. Dom34:Hbs1 promotes subunit dissociation and peptidyl-tRNA drop-off to initiate no-go decay. Science. 2010;330(6002):369-372.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Pravec P, Vokrouhlický D, Polishook D, et al. Formation of asteroid pairs by rotational fission. Nature. 2010;466(7310):1085-1088.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Rich P. Understanding, Assessing, and Rehabilitating Juvenile Sexual Offenders. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Lockwood DJ, Pavesi L, eds. Silicon Photonics II: Components and Integration. Vol 119. Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Dransfield I, Farnworth S. Axl and Mer Receptor Tyrosine Kinases: Distinct and Nonoverlapping Roles in Inflammation and Cancer? In: Gregory CD, ed. Apoptosis in Cancer Pathogenesis and Anti-Cancer Therapy: New Perspectives and Opportunities. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer International Publishing; 2016:113-132.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Science May Have Solved Why Taking Deep Breaths Calms You Down. IFLScience. Published April 5, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/science-may-have-solved-why-taking-deep-breaths-calms-you-down/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: FTA’s Progress in Developing and Implementing a New Starts Evaluation Process. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Davidson AO. Observing action research processes in practice. Published online 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Coe A. Presidential Biographies. New York Times. February 16, 2017:MM18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Contin. Educ. Nurs.
ISSN (print)0022-0124
ISSN (online)1938-2472
ScopeReview and Exam Preparation

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