How to format your references using the The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koenig R. EUROPEAN SCIENCE: Urgent Call for Research Overhaul. Science. 2000;289(5479):523a-524a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Day J, Beamish J. Low-temperature shear modulus changes in solid 4He and connection to supersolidity. Nature. 2007;450(7171):853-856.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grund T, Waloszek C, Helbing D. How natural selection can create both self- and other-regarding preferences, and networked minds. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1480.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Burlaga LF, Ness NF, Acuña MH, Lepping RP, Connerney JEP, Richardson JD. Magnetic fields at the solar wind termination shock. Nature. 2008;454(7200):75-77.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vagelli AA. The Banggai Cardinalfish. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Logothetidis S, ed. Nanomedicine and Nanobiotechnology. Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Senior K, Moss J. The Use of the Visual to Interpret School Cultures: Producing Knowledge and Knowing When You Are Learning to Teach. In: Moss J, Pini B, eds. Visual Research Methods in Educational Research. Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016:75-99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientists Discover Evidence of Mercury’s Explosive Volcanic History. IFLScience. Published April 3, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.’s-explosive-volcanic-history/


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Current Funding Status of the Energy Research and Development Administration. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mazza CA. The Influence of Meteorological Parameters on Rainfall and Severe Weather in Pinellas County, FL. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida; 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Abortion Opponents Win Dispute. New York Times. March 1, 2006:A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Contin. Educ. Nurs.
ISSN (print)0022-0124
ISSN (online)1938-2472
ScopeReview and Exam Preparation

Other styles