How to format your references using the The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Loder N. Uproar at Oxford as suspended professor returns to work. Nature. 2000;404(6775):214.
A journal article with 2 authors
Namouni F, Porco C. The confinement of Neptune’s ring arcs by the moon Galatea. Nature. 2002;417(6884):45-47.
A journal article with 3 authors
Legrand Y-M, van der Lee A, Barboiu M. Single-crystal X-ray structure of 1,3-dimethylcyclobutadiene by confinement in a crystalline matrix. Science. 2010;329(5989):299-302.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Corsaro C, Mallamace D, Łojewska J, Mallamace F, Pietronero L, Missori M. Molecular degradation of ancient documents revealed by 1H HR-MAS NMR spectroscopy. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2896.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Steenbarger BN. Trading Psychology 2.0. John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Leone A. Imaging Del Rachide: Il Vecchio e Il Nuovo. (Martino F, ed.). Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Chin J-J, Heng S-H, Goi B-M. An Efficient and Provable Secure Identity-Based Identification Scheme in the Standard Model. In: Mjølsnes SF, Mauw S, Katsikas SK, eds. Public Key Infrastructure: 5th European PKI Workshop: Theory and Practice, EuroPKI 2008 Trondheim, Norway, June 16-17, 2008 Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2008:60-73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing.

Blog post
Andrew E. What Would Happen If You Touched A Black Hole? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Software Licenses: Better Management Needed to Achieve Significant Savings Government-Wide. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez SG. Devotion to land: The Virgin Mary and the Mudejar in the post-conquest program of Alfonso X of Castile, 1252–1284. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. More Teams Would Ruin a Great Thing. New York Times. March 19, 2010:B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Contin. Educ. Nurs.
ISSN (print)0022-0124
ISSN (online)1938-2472
ScopeReview and Exam Preparation

Other styles