How to format your references using the The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eiler JM. Geochemistry. The oldest fossil or just another rock? Science. 2007;317(5841):1046-1047.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leontis NB, Westhof E. Chemistry. Self-assembled RNA nanostructures. Science. 2014;345(6198):732-733.
A journal article with 3 authors
Corwin EI, Jaeger HM, Nagel SR. Structural signature of jamming in granular media. Nature. 2005;435(7045):1075-1078.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zeng J, Wang X, Sun J, Pandey A, Cartwright AN, Litchinitser NM. Manipulating complex light with metamaterials. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2826.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Korn GA. Advanced Dynamic-System Simulation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Montijano E. Distributed Consensus with Visual Perception in Multi-Robot Systems. (Sagüés C, ed.). Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Shi H, Kurata Y. Modeling Ontological Concepts of Locations with a Heterogeneous Cardinal Direction Model. In: Bi Y, Williams MA, eds. Knowledge Science, Engineering and Management: 4th International Conference, KSEM 2010, Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK, September 1-3, 2010. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2010:4-15.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing.

Blog post
Fang J. The Days on Saturn Just Got Shorter. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Business Modernization: Disciplined Processes Needed to Better Manage NASA’s Integrated Financial Management Program. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spotts SL. A Comparative Analysis of Missouri Elementary School Arts Curriculums. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nir SM. The High Price of Pretty Nails. New York Times. May 7, 2015:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Contin. Educ. Nurs.
ISSN (print)0022-0124
ISSN (online)1938-2472
ScopeReview and Exam Preparation

Other styles