How to format your references using the Journal of Leukocyte Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Leukocyte Biology (JLB). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Etzioni O. Search needs a shake-up. Nature. 2011;476:25–26.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Schramke V, Allshire R. Hairpin RNAs and retrotransposon LTRs effect RNAi and chromatin-based gene silencing. Science. 2003;301:1069–1074.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Monje ML, Toda H, Palmer TD. Inflammatory blockade restores adult hippocampal neurogenesis. Science. 2003;302:1760–1765.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Gerber T, Murawala P, Knapp D, et al. Single-cell analysis uncovers convergence of cell identities during axolotl limb regeneration. Science;362.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Barone S, Franco EL. Statistical and Managerial Techniques for Six Sigma Methodology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2012.
An edited book
1.
Musschenga B, van Harskamp A (eds). What Makes Us Moral? On the capacities and conditions for being moral. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Schellekens D, Tuyls P, Preneel B. Embedded Trusted Computing with Authenticated Non-volatile Memory. In: Lipp P, Sadeghi A-R, Koch K-M (eds) Trusted Computing - Challenges and Applications: First International Conference on Trusted Computing and Trust in Information Technologies, Trust 2008 Villach, Austria, March 11-12, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008:60–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Leukocyte Biology.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. The Most Commonly Hacked Passwords In 2016 Were... Painfully Obvious. IFLScience Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/the-most-commonly-hacked-passwords-in-2016-were-painfully-obvious/. 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Air Pollution: EPA’s Efforts to Control Gasoline Vapors From Motor Vehicles. RCED-90-21, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, October 6, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Shelby KR. Systems Engineering Knowledge Asset (SEKA) Management for Higher Performing Engineering Teams: People, Process and Technology toward Effective Knowledge-Workers. Doctoral Dissertation, George Washington University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Branch J. Cheers on a Soccer Field, Far From Las Vegas. New York Times, October 11, 2017, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Leukocyte Biology
ISSN (print)0741-5400
ISSN (online)1938-3673
Scope

Other styles