How to format your references using the Journal of Leukocyte Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Leukocyte Biology (JLB). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Luo J-J. Climate science: ocean dynamics not required? Nature. 2011;477:544–546.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Dillin A, Kelly JW. Medicine. The yin-yang of sirtuins. Science. 2007;317:461–462.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Thomas JA, Simcox DJ, Clarke RT. Successful conservation of a threatened Maculinea butterfly. Science. 2009;325:80–83.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Chai Q, Arndt JW, Dong M, et al. Structural basis of cell surface receptor recognition by botulinum neurotoxin B. Nature. 2006;444:1096–1100.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Epperlein PW. Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability and Diagnostics. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2013.
An edited book
1.
Christiansen H, Stojanovic I, Papadopoulos GA (eds). Modeling and Using Context: 9th International and Interdisciplinary Conference, CONTEXT 2015, Lanarca, Cyprus, November 2-6,2015. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Soleimany H, Blondeau C, Yu X, et al. Reflection Cryptanalysis of PRINCE-Like Ciphers. In: Moriai S (ed) Fast Software Encryption: 20th International Workshop, FSE 2013, Singapore, March 11-13, 2013. Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014:71–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Leukocyte Biology.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. How The Brain Can 'Tune” To Specific Smells. IFLScience Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/how-neurons-control-smell-brain/. 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Environmental Protection Agency: Control of Air Pollution From New Motor Vehicles--Tier 2 Motor Vehicle Emissions Standards and Gasoline Sulfur Control Requirements. OGC-00-22, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, February 23, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kirk C. Early Maladaptive Attachment Styles and Psychological Aggression in Romantic Relationships: A Content Analysis, 2006-2016. Doctoral Dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kishkovsky S. A Russian Museum Feud With Putin in the Middle. New York Times, July 6, 2013, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Leukocyte Biology
ISSN (print)0741-5400
ISSN (online)1938-3673
Scope

Other styles