How to format your references using the Journal of Leukocyte Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Leukocyte Biology (JLB). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dennis C. Genomics: compare and contrast. Nature. 2003;426:750–751.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sneden C, Cowan JJ. Genesis of the heaviest elements in the Milky Way Galaxy. Science. 2003;299:70–75.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nobes C, Lloyd A, Marsh M. RETROSPECTIVE. Alan Hall (1952-2015). Science. 2015;350:1039.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ueda M, Sako Y, Tanaka T, et al. Single-molecule analysis of chemotactic signaling in Dictyostelium cells. Science. 2001;294:864–867.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lombard M. SolidWorks® 2011 Parts Bible. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
Asuelime L, Francis S (eds). Selected Themes in African Political Studies: Political Conflict and Stability. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Matsuba S. Does History Have a Purpose?; History Theory of Merleau-Ponty in the Latter Half of the 1940S. In: Tymieniecka A-T (ed) Logos of Phenomenology and Phenomenology of the Logos. Book Three: Logos of History - Logos of Life. Historicity, Time, Nature, Communication, Consciousness, Alterity, Culture. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2006:65–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Leukocyte Biology.

Blog post
Hale T. Here’s What Ursula Would Look Like If She Had Evolved In Different Ocean Environments. IFLScience Available from: 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. U.S. Agencies Could Benefit by Better Management of ADP Activities of Government Contractors. B-115369, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, March 2, 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kafi W. The effects of patient demographic variables on cesarean section-related surgical site infection rates. Doctoral Dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. The Pianist Behind Dylan’s Nobel Lecture. New York Times, June 7, 2017, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Leukocyte Biology
ISSN (print)0741-5400
ISSN (online)1938-3673

Other styles