How to format your references using the Journal of Leukocyte Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Leukocyte Biology (JLB). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Malakoff D. ECONOMICS: “To Your Health” Is More Than a Toast to Economists. Science. 2000;289:1275.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Accardi A, Miller C. Secondary active transport mediated by a prokaryotic homologue of ClC Cl- channels. Nature. 2004;427:803–807.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Nykypanchuk D, Strey HH, Hoagland DA. Brownian motion of DNA confined within a two-dimensional array. Science. 2002;297:987–990.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Zou X, Conradsson T, Klingstedt M, et al. A mesoporous germanium oxide with crystalline pore walls and its chiral derivative. Nature. 2005;437:716–719.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Green SD. Making Sense of Construction Improvement. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011.
An edited book
1.
Eppelbaum L. Applied Geothermics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Smyth M. Energy Flows in Winemaking Facilities. In: Russell J, Milanowski T (eds) Solar Energy in the Winemaking Industry. London: Springer, 2011:111–240.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Leukocyte Biology.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Killer Squirrel has World’s Bushiest Tail. IFLScience Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/killer-squirrel-has-worlds-bushiest-tail/. 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Strategies to Improve Communication Between Program and Financial Managers. 156238, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, May 1, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Herron M. Prescripton labels: Do you know what medication you are taking? Doctoral Dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Sisario B. The Pianist Behind Dylan’s Nobel Lecture. New York Times, June 7, 2017, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Leukocyte Biology
ISSN (print)0741-5400
ISSN (online)1938-3673
Scope

Other styles