How to format your references using the Journal of Leukocyte Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Leukocyte Biology (JLB). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holden C. Stem cells. Data on Adult stem cells questioned. Science. 2007;315:1207.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bachtrog D, Charlesworth B. Reduced adaptation of a non-recombining neo-Y chromosome. Nature. 2002;416:323–326.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pham TCT, Kim HS, Yoon KB. Growth of uniformly oriented silica MFI and BEA zeolite films on substrates. Science. 2011;334:1533–1538.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chan CKF, Chen C-C, Luppen CA, et al. Endochondral ossification is required for haematopoietic stem-cell niche formation. Nature. 2009;457:490–494.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lad BK, Shrivastava D, Kulkarni MS. Machine Tool Reliability. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
Hu X, Jonsson U, Wahlberg B, et al. (eds). Three Decades of Progress in Control Sciences: Dedicated to Chris Byrnes and Anders Lindquist. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Bakir A, Chesler G, de la Torriente M. Using Core Motion to Save Motion Data. In: Chesler G, Torriente M de la (eds) Program the Internet of Things with Swift for iOS. Berkeley, CA: Apress, 2016:99–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Leukocyte Biology.

Blog post
Taub B. Medical Examiner’s Report Shows Prince Died After Overdosing On Painkiller That’s 80 Times Stronger Than Morphine. IFLScience Available from: 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Lack of Effective Coordinated or Centralized Management Control of Closed-Circuit Television Used in DOD for Training and Education. B-177350, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, November 29, 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aloe-Chase ST. Family member perspectives on collaboration: An exploratory study. Doctoral Dissertation, Capella University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Barry E, Kishkovsky S. For Tolstoy and Russia, Still No Happy Ending. New York Times, January 4, 2011, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Leukocyte Biology
ISSN (print)0741-5400
ISSN (online)1938-3673

Other styles