How to format your references using the Journal of Leukocyte Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Leukocyte Biology (JLB). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marchio EA. My metamorphosis. Science. 2015;347:206.
A journal article with 2 authors
Margot JL, Brown ME. A low-density M-type asteroid in the main belt. Science. 2003;300:1939–1942.
A journal article with 3 authors
Suma K, Sumiyoshi Y, Endo Y. The rotational spectrum and structure of the HOOO radical. Science. 2005;308:1885–1886.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Han J, Zhou H, Horazdovsky B, et al. Rtt109 acetylates histone H3 lysine 56 and functions in DNA replication. Science. 2007;315:653–655.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morris SA. Food and Package Engineering. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011.
An edited book
Dillenburg SR. Geology and Geomorphology of Holocene Coastal Barriers of Brazil. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang Y, Koch CC, Ma SG, et al. Fabrication Routes. In: Gao MC, Yeh J-W, Liaw PK, et al. (eds) High-Entropy Alloys: Fundamentals and Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016:151–179.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Leukocyte Biology.

Blog post
Andrew D. Mining The Moon For Rocket Fuel To Get Us To Mars. IFLScience Available from: 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Critical Factors Underlying Successful Major Acquisitions. GAO-12-7, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, October 21, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Corbin-Staton AP. Contexts of parental involvement: An interpretive synthesis of qualitative literature using the meta-interpretation method. Doctoral Dissertation, George Washington University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly D. Girl Scout. New York Times, July 16, 2000, 711.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,1.
This sentence cites four references 1,1,1,1.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Leukocyte Biology
ISSN (print)0741-5400
ISSN (online)1938-3673

Other styles