How to format your references using the Biologicals citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biologicals. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Stokstad E. PALEONTOLOGY: CT Sleuthing Uncovers Fossil Misfits. Science 2000;288:1731.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Rehwinkel J, Reis e Sousa C. RIGorous detection: exposing virus through RNA sensing. Science 2010;327:284–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Pelechano V, Wei W, Steinmetz LM. Extensive transcriptional heterogeneity revealed by isoform profiling. Nature 2013;497:127–31.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Geleziunas R, Xu W, Takeda K, Ichijo H, Greene WC. HIV-1 Nef inhibits ASK1-dependent death signalling providing a potential mechanism for protecting the infected host cell. Nature 2001;410:834–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Chernick MR. The Essentials of Biostatistics for Physicians, Nurses, and Clinicians. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Fine J-D, Hintner H, editors. Life with Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB): Etiology, Diagnosis, Multidisciplinary Care and Therapy. Vienna: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Morrison T. Juan Bautista Villalpando and the Nature and Science of Architectural Drawing. In: García-Salgado T, editor. Architecture, Mathematics and Perspective, Basel: Birkhäuser; 2010, p. 63–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biologicals.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. SpaceX Successfully Lands Second Rocket On Barge. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/space/spacex-successfully-lands-second-rocket-barge/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Commuter Rail: Potential Impacts and Cost Estimates for the Cancelled Hudson River Tunnel Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Newberry GC. Students’ experiences with simulation education. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Vecsey G. Semifinals Remain an Inner Sanctum Until Further Notice. New York Times 2014:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiologicals
AbbreviationBiologicals
ISSN (print)1045-1056
ScopeBiotechnology
Bioengineering
General Immunology and Microbiology
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
General Medicine
Pharmacology

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