How to format your references using the International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Petherick A. Campaigning for Chagas disease. Nature. 2010;465(7301):S21-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Andreae MO, Ramanathan V. Climate change. Climate’s dark forcings. Science. 2013;340(6130):280-281.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hernández AR, Klein AM, Kirschner MW. Kinetic responses of β-catenin specify the sites of Wnt control. Science. 2012;338(6112):1337-1340.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Parasoglou P, Xia D, Chang G, Regatte RR. Three-dimensional saturation transfer 31P-MRI in muscles of the lower leg at 3.0 T. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5219.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Minuth WW, Strehl R, Schumacher K. Tissue Engineering. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Lemon O, Pietquin O, eds. Data-Driven Methods for Adaptive Spoken Dialogue Systems: Computational Learning for Conversational Interfaces. New York, NY: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Peyruchaud O, Karin NJ. Lysophosphatidic Acid: Role in Bone and Bone Cancer. In: Bronner F, Farach-Carson MC, eds. Bone and Cancer. London: Springer; 2009:73-88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Plant Defense Hormones Build Healthy Microbiomes for Roots. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Truck Safety: Information on Driver Training. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Alimo CJ. From dialogue to action: The development of White racial allies. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Gregory Mankiw N, Summers LH. Uniting Behind a Divisive Health Tax. New York Times. October 24, 2015:BU6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences
AbbreviationInt. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci. (1997)
ISSN (print)1365-1609
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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