How to format your references using the International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kornilov O. Chemical physics. The quantum halo state of the helium trimer. Science. 2015;348(6234):498-499.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kelley LA, Endler JA. Illusions promote mating success in great bowerbirds. Science. 2012;335(6066):335-338.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Alexander JM, Diez JM, Levine JM. Novel competitors shape species’ responses to climate change. Nature. 2015;525(7570):515-518.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Kranendijk M, Struys EA, van Schaftingen E, et al. IDH2 mutations in patients with D-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria. Science. 2010;330(6002):336.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Yener M, Dundar O. Expert Android ® Studio. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Zambon G. Beginning JSP, JSF, and Tomcat Web Development: From Novice to Professional. (Sekler M, ed.). Apress; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
da Saúde JML, Silva JM. Aircraft Industrialization Process: A Systematic and Holistic Approach to Ensuring Integrated Management of the Engineering Process. In: Henriques E, Pecas P, Silva A, eds. Technology and Manufacturing Process Selection: The Product Life Cycle Perspective. Springer Series in Advanced Manufacturing. Springer; 2014:81-103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Insect Bites Reveal Recovery From Dinosaur Extinction. IFLScience. Published November 7, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/insect-bites-reveal-recovery-from-dinosaur-extinction/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Emergency Relief: Status of the Replacement of the Cypress Viaduct. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Mikhailik Y. Longing Limned. Published online 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Sisario B. Kendrick Lamar At No. 1 for 2nd Week. New York Times. May 1, 2017:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences
AbbreviationInt. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci. (1997)
ISSN (print)1365-1609
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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