How to format your references using the Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz, D. 2015. “Reproducibility will not cure what ails science.” Nature, 525 (7568): 159.
A journal article with 2 authors
Misra, S., and P. N. Froelich. 2012. “Lithium isotope history of Cenozoic seawater: changes in silicate weathering and reverse weathering.” Science, 335 (6070): 818–823.
A journal article with 3 authors
King, M. C., C. P. Lusk, and G. Blobel. 2006. “Karyopherin-mediated import of integral inner nuclear membrane proteins.” Nature, 442 (7106): 1003–1007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sun, K., J. Liu, Y. Gao, L. Jin, Y. Gu, and W. Wang. 2014. “Isolation, plant colonization potential, and phenanthrene degradation performance of the endophytic bacterium Pseudomonas sp. Ph6-gfp.” Sci. Rep., 4: 5462.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Haupt, R. L. 2015. Timed Arrays. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mishra, M. K., and K. S. Bishnupuri (Eds.). 2016. Epigenetic Advancements in Cancer. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Günther, E., and S. Kaulich. 2006. “Measuring Environmental Performance with EPM-KOMPAS Software Tool — Material Flow Analyses, Environmental Assessment and Success Control.” Material Flow Management: Improving Cost Efficiency and Environmental Performance, Sustainability and Innovation, B. Wagner and S. Enzler, eds., 57–90. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2015. “Male Beetles Who Have More Sex Are Actually More Socially Insecure.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Aircraft Maintenance: Potential Shortage in National Aircraft Repair Capacity. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simonsen, A. E. 2010. “Risk and resilience: Girls’ experiences navigating space and relationships in a secure residential facility.” Doctoral dissertation. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J., and S. M. Nir. 2017. “The Village Voice, Keeper of Downtown Cool, Will Shed Its Print Edition.” New York Times, August 22, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sarewitz 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Misra and Froelich 2012; Sarewitz 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Misra and Froelich 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Sun et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction
ISSN (print)1943-4162
ISSN (online)1943-4170

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