How to format your references using the Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Recupero, D. R. (2013). “Computer science. Toward a green Internet.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6127), 1533–1534.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kolaczkowski, B., and Thornton, J. W. (2004). “Performance of maximum parsimony and likelihood phylogenetics when evolution is heterogeneous.” Nature, 431(7011), 980–984.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, S.-Y., Hakoshima, T., and Kitano, K. (2013). “Structure of the RecQ C-terminal domain of human Bloom syndrome protein.” Scientific reports, 3, 3294.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Freiman, R. N., Albright, S. R., Zheng, S., Sha, W. C., Hammer, R. E., and Tjian, R. (2001). “Requirement of tissue-selective TBP-associated factor TAFII105 in ovarian development.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5537), 2084–2087.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooke, R. (2005). The History of Mathematics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gao, M. C., Yeh, J.-W., Liaw, P. K., and Zhang, Y. (Eds.). (2016). High-Entropy Alloys: Fundamentals and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kalyebara, B., and Islam, S. M. N. (2014). “Optimisation Model for World Airways.” Corporate Governance, Capital Markets, and Capital Budgeting: An Integrated Approach, Contributions to Management Science, S. M. N. Islam, ed., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 107–153.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016). “Skeleton Hanging In Alaskan School Gym May Belong To An Undescribed Species Of Whale.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). District of Columbia: Extent to Which Schools Receive Available Federal Education Grants. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clemons, B. L. (2010). “A correlational study of the ventures for excellence interview-rating system and first year teacher evaluations.” Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), L. G. (2005). “National Briefing | Washington: Chunk Of Marble Falls From Supreme Court.” New York Times, A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Diamandis 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Collins 2010; Service 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kolaczkowski and Thornton 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Kemper et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction
ISSN (print)1943-4162
ISSN (online)1943-4170

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