How to format your references using the Journal of Social Philosophy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Social Philosophy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Padian, Kevin. 2008. “Darwin’s enduring legacy.” Nature no. 7179451: 632–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sahin, Mustafa and Sur, Mriganka. 2015. “Genes, circuits, and precision therapies for autism and related neurodevelopmental disorders.” Science (New York, N.Y.) no. 6263350.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grünwald, David; Singer, Robert H and Rout, Michael. 2011. “Nuclear export dynamics of RNA-protein complexes.” Nature no. 7356475: 333–41.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Voloshina, EN et al. 2013. “Electronic structure and imaging contrast of graphene moiré on metals.” Scientific reports3: 1072.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gwynne, Anthony. 2013. Guide to Building Control. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
El Naqa, Issam; Li, Ruijiang and Murphy, Martin J eds. 2015. Machine Learning in Radiation Oncology: Theory and Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
McIver, Annabelle; Meinicke, Larissa and Morgan, Carroll. 2009. “Security, Probability and Nearly Fair Coins in the Cryptographers’ Café.” In FM 2009: Formal Methods: Second World Congress, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, November 2-6, 2009. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed. Ana Cavalcanti and Dennis R Dams, 41–71. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Social Philosophy.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. Stinky Caterpillar Looks Like a Snake With a Fleshy, Forked Tongue. IFLScience, Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. The Case for National Testing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O’Grady, Caitlin Rose. 2009. “Journeys of our ancestors: Conservation science approaches to the analysis of cultural material.” Doctoral dissertation, Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ervin, Andrew. 2017. “Tales of the Unhinged.” 07/28/2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Padian (2008).
This sentence cites two references Padian (2008); Sahin and Sur (2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three or more authors: Voloshina et al. (2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Social Philosophy
AbbreviationJ. Soc. Philos.
ISSN (print)0047-2786
ISSN (online)1467-9833

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