How to format your references using the Journal of Social Philosophy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Social Philosophy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holland, DM. 2001. “Explaining the Weddell Polynya--a large ocean eddy shed at Maud Rise.” Science (New York, N.Y.) no. 5522292: 1697–700.
A journal article with 2 authors
Folkman, J and Camphausen, K. 2001. “Cancer. What does radiotherapy do to endothelial cells?” Science (New York, N.Y.) no. 5528293: 227–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nosil, Patrik; Crespi, Bernard J and Sandoval, Cristina P. 2002. “Host-plant adaptation drives the parallel evolution of reproductive isolation.” Nature no. 6887417: 440–3.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Muravyova, E et al. 2001. “Loss of insulator activity by paired Su(Hw) chromatin insulators.” Science (New York, N.Y.) no. 5503291: 495–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aubry, Jean-François; Brinzei, Nicolae and Mazouni, Mohammed-Habib. 2016. Systems Dependability Assessment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Paipetis, A and Kostopoulos, V eds. 2013. Carbon Nanotube Enhanced Aerospace Composite Materials: A New Generation of Multifunctional Hybrid Structural Composites. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Losoncz, Alpár. 2011. “Spiritual Motivation in Management.” In Spirituality and Ethics in Management Issues in Business Ethics ed. Laszlo Zsolnai, 75–94. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Social Philosophy.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. New Study Solves One Of The “Alien Megastructure” Star’s Mysteries. IFLScience, Retrieved October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. DOD Business Systems Modernization: Limited Progress in Development of Business Enterprise Architecture and Oversight of Information Technology Investments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Borisova-Kidder, Ayuna. 2006. “Meta-Analytical Estimates of Values of Environmental Services Enhanced by Government Agricultural Conservation Programs.” Doctoral dissertation, Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch, John. 2016. “The Rules of Olympic Attraction.” 08/13/2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Holland (2001).
This sentence cites two references Holland (2001); Folkman and Camphausen (2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three or more authors: Muravyova et al. (2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Social Philosophy
AbbreviationJ. Soc. Philos.
ISSN (print)0047-2786
ISSN (online)1467-9833

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