How to format your references using the Journal of Social Philosophy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Social Philosophy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heckenberger, Michael. 2009. “Journal club. An archaeologist looks at South America’s early complex societies.” Nature no. 7239458: 683.
A journal article with 2 authors
Turi, László and Madarász, Adám. 2011. “Comment on ‘Does the hydrated electron occupy a cavity?’” Science (New York, N.Y.) no. 6023331: 1387; author reply 1387.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zheludev, Ilya; Smith, Robert and Aste, Tomaso. 2014. “When can social media lead financial markets?” Scientific reports4: 4213.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Some, Surajit et al. 2013. “High-quality reduced graphene oxide by a dual-function chemical reduction and healing process.” Scientific reports3: 1929.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hermans, Jan and Lentz, Barry. 2013. Equilibria and Kinetics of Biological Macromolecules. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ayuso Muñoz, José Luis; Yagüe Blanco, José Luis and Capuz-Rizo, Salvador F eds. 2016. Project Management and Engineering Research, 2014: Selected Papers from the 18th International AEIPRO Congress held in Alcañiz, Spain, in 2014. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kotowski, Jerzy and Ochla, Mariusz. 2015. “Cloud IT as a Base for Virtual Internship.” In Innovative Technologies in Management and Science Topics in Intelligent Engineering and Informatics ed. Ryszard Klempous and Jan Nikodem, 57–71. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Social Philosophy.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2017. Protein From Mussel Glue Used To Help Prevent Scarring. IFLScience, Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. Head Start: Progress and Challenges in Implementing Transportation Regulations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spidell, Rachel M. 2017. “Reexamining Richard Strauss’s Second Horn Concerto as a Significant Contribution to Twentieth-Century Music.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, Ben. 2017. “Theater; A New Angle on an Old Line.” 02/15/2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Social Philosophy
AbbreviationJ. Soc. Philos.
ISSN (print)0047-2786
ISSN (online)1467-9833

Other styles