How to format your references using the Journal of Social Philosophy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Social Philosophy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
di Lernia, Savino. 2015. “Cultural heritage: Save Libyan archaeology.” Nature no. 7536517: 547–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zarin, Deborah A and Tse, Tony. 2008. “Medicine. Moving toward transparency of clinical trials.” Science (New York, N.Y.) no. 5868319: 1340–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yartsev, Michael M; Witter, Menno P and Ulanovsky, Nachum. 2011. “Grid cells without theta oscillations in the entorhinal cortex of bats.” Nature no. 7371479: 103–7.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lev-Maor, Galit et al. 2003. “The birth of an alternatively spliced exon: 3’ splice-site selection in Alu exons.” Science (New York, N.Y.) no. 5623300: 1288–91.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Passarelli, Dan. 2012. Trading Options Greeks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Panayiotopoulos, CP ed. 2010. Atlas of Epilepsies. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jia, Guangfeng; Chen, Yuehui and Wu, Peng. 2008. “MENN Method Applications for Stock Market Forecasting.” In Advances in Neural Networks - ISNN 2008: 5th International Symposium on Neural Networks, ISNN 2008, Beijing, China, September 24-28, 2008, Proceedings, Part I Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed. Fuchun Sun et al., 30–9. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Social Philosophy.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. What Does The World Look Like For Someone With A Bionic Eye? IFLScience, Retrieved October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Information Technology: HUD Needs to Improve Key Project Management Practices for Its Modernization Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blumenthal, Pamela M. 2014. “Local Land Use Regulatory Regimes and Residential Development Outcomes: An Analysis of Subdivision Review in Four Counties in the DC Region.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman, John. 2017. “Full Disclosure.” 02/06/2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference di Lernia (2015).
This sentence cites two references di Lernia (2015); Zarin and Tse (2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three or more authors: Lev-Maor et al. (2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Social Philosophy
AbbreviationJ. Soc. Philos.
ISSN (print)0047-2786
ISSN (online)1467-9833

Other styles