How to format your references using the Journal of Hypertension citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hypertension. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baillie JK. Translational genomics. Targeting the host immune response to fight infection. Science 2014; 344:807–808.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boettiger C, Hastings A. Tipping points: From patterns to predictions. Nature 2013; 493:157–158.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zinchuk V, Wu Y, Grossenbacher-Zinchuk O. Bridging the gap between qualitative and quantitative colocalization results in fluorescence microscopy studies. Sci Rep 2013; 3:1365.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lister AM, Edwards CJ, Nock DAW, Bunce M, van Pijlen IA, Bradley DG, et al. The phylogenetic position of the “giant deer” Megaloceros giganteus. Nature 2005; 438:850–853.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lunn G, Sansone EB. Destruction of Hazardous Chemicals in the Laboratory. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Kent JA, editor. Handbook of Industrial Chemistry and Biotechnology. 12th ed. 2012. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
De S, Bhattacharyya S, Chakraborty S, Dutta P. Self-supervised Colour Image Segmentation Using Parallel OptiMUSIG (ParaOptiMUSIG) Activation Function. In: Hybrid Soft Computing for Multilevel Image and Data Segmentation. Bhattacharyya S, Chakraborty S, Dutta P (editors). . Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. pp. 89–123.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hypertension.

Blog post
Andrew E. Astronomers View “Lightning” Flash In Black Hole. IFLScience. 2014. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Survey of NASA’s Lessons Learned Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wang Y. Yield aggregation impacts on area-based insurance and commodity program. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J. The Best Laid Schemes of Mules and Men. New York Times. 2017; :C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hypertension
AbbreviationJ. Hypertens.
ISSN (print)0263-6352
ISSN (online)1473-5598
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Internal Medicine

Other styles