How to format your references using the Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clarke, Tom. 2002. “Penicillin Paper Restores Fleming’s Healthy Reputation.” Nature 419 (6910): 867.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sawamiphak, Suphansa, and Didier Y. R. Stainier. 2014. “Developmental Biology: It Takes Muscle to Make Blood Cells.” Nature 512 (7514): 257–258.
A journal article with 3 authors
Casanova-Sáez, Rubén, Héctor Candela, and José Luis Micol. 2014. “Combined Haploinsufficiency and Purifying Selection Drive Retention of RPL36a Paralogs in Arabidopsis.” Scientific Reports 4 (February): 4122.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Sharples, J. M., A. A. Meharg, S. M. Chambers, and J. W. Cairney. 2000. “Symbiotic Solution to Arsenic Contamination.” Nature 404 (6781): 951–952.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Labadie, Nacima, Christian Prins, and Caroline Prodhon. 2016. Metaheuristics for Vehicle Routing Problems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bhojwani, Sant Saran. 2013. Plant Tissue Culture: An Introductory Text. Edited by Prem Kumar Dantu. New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Bai, Y., X. Han, and J. L. Prince. 2015. “Geometric Deformable Models.” In Handbook of Biomedical Imaging: Methodologies and Clinical Research, edited by Nikos Paragios, James Duncan, and Nicholas Ayache, 83–104. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2016. “Peculiar Ancient Marine Reptile Reveals Life Evolved Rapidly After 'Great Dying” Apocalypse.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Army Budget: Potential Reductions to Budget Requests for Selected ADP Systems. IMTEC-88-43BR. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dickens, Joyce R. 2011. “The Experience of Recovery from Alcohol/Drugs (AOD).” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, Mary M. 2014. “Bankruptcy Judge Gets View of Detroit Outside Courtroom.” New York Times, August 9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clarke 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Clarke 2002; Sawamiphak and Stainier 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sawamiphak and Stainier 2014)
  • Three authors: (Casanova-Sáez, Candela, and Micol 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Sharples et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Latin American Cultural Studies
AbbreviationJ. Lat. Am. Cult. Stud.
ISSN (print)1356-9325
ISSN (online)1469-9575
Cultural Studies

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