How to format your references using the Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hemingway, Janet. 2004. “Taking Aim at Mosquitoes.” Nature 430 (7002): 936.
A journal article with 2 authors
Owusu-Ansah, Edward, and Utpal Banerjee. 2009. “Reactive Oxygen Species Prime Drosophila Haematopoietic Progenitors for Differentiation.” Nature 461 (7263): 537–541.
A journal article with 3 authors
Suzuki, Noriyuki, Masayoshi Nishiura, and Yasuo Wakatsuki. 2002. “Isolation and Structural Characterization of 1-Zirconacyclopent-3-Yne, Five-Membered Cyclic Alkynes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295 (5555): 660–663.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Trotta, Christopher R., Sergey V. Paushkin, Meenal Patel, Hong Li, and Stuart W. Peltz. 2006. “Cleavage of Pre-TRNAs by the Splicing Endonuclease Requires a Composite Active Site.” Nature 441 (7091): 375–377.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Webb, Richard C. 2005. Tele-Visionaries. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Canuto, Claudio. 2014. Analisi Matematica II. Edited by Anita Tabacco. 2a edizione. Vol. 83. UNITEXT. Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Roy, Rajat, and Vik Naidoo. 2016. “Research or Applied Universities? An Exploratory Qualitative Study of Prospective Student’s Selection of Universities with Different Brand Identities.” In International Marketing of Higher Education, edited by Terry Wu and Vik Naidoo, 83–98. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2014. “Working the Weather By Laser.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1984. GSA’s Telecommunications Procurement Program Requires Comprehensive Planning and Management. IMTEC-84-10. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lincoln, James J. 2010. “Creating a Lesson That Addresses Gender Differences in Physics Testing a Specific Instructional Technique in College Level Physics Education.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2006. “With O’Connor Retirement and a New Chief Justice Comes an Awareness of Change.” New York Times, January 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hemingway 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Hemingway 2004; Owusu-Ansah and Banerjee 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Owusu-Ansah and Banerjee 2009)
  • Three authors: (Suzuki, Nishiura, and Wakatsuki 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Trotta et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Latin American Cultural Studies
AbbreviationJ. Lat. Am. Cult. Stud.
ISSN (print)1356-9325
ISSN (online)1469-9575
Cultural Studies

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