How to format your references using the Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weijer, Cornelis J. 2003. “Visualizing Signals Moving in Cells.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 (5616): 96–100.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yashin, Victor V., and Anna C. Balazs. 2006. “Pattern Formation and Shape Changes in Self-Oscillating Polymer Gels.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 314 (5800): 798–801.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kerr, Jeremy T., Heather M. Kharouba, and David J. Currie. 2007. “The Macroecological Contribution to Global Change Solutions.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 316 (5831): 1581–1584.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Pianta, Robert C., Jay Belsky, Renate Houts, Fred Morrison, and National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Early Child Care Research Network. 2007. “Teaching. Opportunities to Learn in America’s Elementary Classrooms.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 (5820): 1795–1796.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Malley, Chris. 2014. Bonds Without Borders. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Suzuki, Yasuhiro. 2014. Tactile Score: A Knowledge Media for Tactile Sense. Edited by Rieko Suzuki. SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Sau, Tapan K., and Dan V. Goia. 2012. “Biomedical Applications of Gold Nanoparticles.” In Fine Particles in Medicine and Pharmacy, edited by Egon Matijević, 101–145. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. “This New Device Can Trick Your Tastebuds To Make Food Taste Better.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. [Response to Request for Views on Application of P.L. 99-177 to Teacher Loan Cancellations]. B-221498.20. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Armani, Michael Daniel. 2010. “Nucleic Acid Extraction and Detection across Two-Dimensional Tissue Samples.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda. 2008. “Offering Fresh Weapons Against Test Anxiety.” New York Times, January 20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weijer 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Weijer 2003; Yashin and Balazs 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yashin and Balazs 2006)
  • Three authors: (Kerr, Kharouba, and Currie 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Pianta et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Latin American Cultural Studies
AbbreviationJ. Lat. Am. Cult. Stud.
ISSN (print)1356-9325
ISSN (online)1469-9575
Cultural Studies

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