How to format your references using the Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ahnert, Sebastian E. 2014. “Generalised Power Graph Compression Reveals Dominant Relationship Patterns in Complex Networks.” Scientific Reports 4 (March): 4385.
A journal article with 2 authors
Friedman, Adam, and Norbert Perrimon. 2006. “A Functional RNAi Screen for Regulators of Receptor Tyrosine Kinase and ERK Signalling.” Nature 444 (7116): 230–234.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dharmawardhana, C. C., A. Misra, and Wai-Yim Ching. 2014. “Quantum Mechanical Metric for Internal Cohesion in Cement Crystals.” Scientific Reports 4 (December): 7332.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Turtle, E. P., J. E. Perry, A. G. Hayes, R. D. Lorenz, J. W. Barnes, A. S. McEwen, R. A. West, et al. 2011. “Rapid and Extensive Surface Changes near Titan’s Equator: Evidence of April Showers.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 331 (6023): 1414–1417.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gros, Daniel, and Karel Lannoo. 2004. The Euro Capital Market. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Berry, Michael W., Azlinah Mohamed, and Bee Wah Yap, eds. 2015. Soft Computing in Data Science: First International Conference, SCDS 2015, Putrajaya, Malaysia, September 2-3, 2015, Proceedings. Vol. 545. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee, Patrick. 2009. “Human Nature and Moral Goodness.” In The Normativity of the Natural: Human Goods, Human Virtues, and Human Flourishing, edited by Mark J. Cherry, 45–54. Philosophical Studies in Contemporary Culture. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies.

Blog post
Carpineti, Chris. 2017. “Watch This Cyborg Dragonfly Drone Take Flight.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Hispanic Employment Statistics. GGD-96-85R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Winkelhake, Brett. 2015. “Verbal Argumentativeness: A Study of Retail Store Managers.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Soble, Jonathan. 2017. “Bankruptcy Of Takata May Ripple For Years.” New York Times, June 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hamilton 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Stirling 2010; Macilwain 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Friedman and Perrimon 2006)
  • Three authors: (Dharmawardhana, Misra, and Ching 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Daumke et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Latin American Cultural Studies
AbbreviationJ. Lat. Am. Cult. Stud.
ISSN (print)1356-9325
ISSN (online)1469-9575
Cultural Studies

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