How to format your references using the Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Corbyn, Zoë. 2014. “Prevention: Lessons from a Sunburnt Country.” Nature 515 (7527): S114-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Si, Qimiao, and Frank Steglich. 2010. “Heavy Fermions and Quantum Phase Transitions.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 329 (5996): 1161–1166.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gibbs, M. J., J. S. Armstrong, and A. J. Gibbs. 2001. “Recombination in the Hemagglutinin Gene of the 1918 ‘Spanish Flu.’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 293 (5536): 1842–1845.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Fischer, G., S. A. James, I. N. Roberts, S. G. Oliver, and E. J. Louis. 2000. “Chromosomal Evolution in Saccharomyces.” Nature 405 (6785): 451–454.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Popescu, Dumitru, Amira Gharbi, Dan Stefanoiu, and Pierre Borne. 2017. Process Control Design for Industrial Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Matoušek, Václav, and Pavel Mautner, eds. 2009. Text, Speech and Dialogue: 12th International Conference, TSD 2009, Pilsen, Czech Republic, September 13-17, 2009. Proceedings. Vol. 5729. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Georgakis, Christos T., and Nina G. Jørgensen. 2013. “Change in Mass and Damping on Vertically Vibrating Footbridges Due to Pedestrians.” In Topics in Dynamics of Bridges, Volume 3: Proceedings of the 31st IMAC, A Conference on Structural Dynamics, 2013, edited by Alvaro Cunha, 37–45. Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Who Do You Think You Are? Most Detailed Genetic Map Of The British Isles Reveals All.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Federal Human Resources Data: OPM Should Improve the Availability and Reliability of Payroll Data to Support Accountability and Workforce Analytics. GAO-17-127. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bishop, Sonja. 2015. “The Impact of Attachment and Social Support on Parents of Children with Autism.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2007. “In Seeking Taxes, New York Challenges India and Mongolia in U.S. Supreme Court.” New York Times, April 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Corbyn 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Corbyn 2014; Si and Steglich 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Si and Steglich 2010)
  • Three authors: (Gibbs, Armstrong, and Gibbs 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Fischer et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Latin American Cultural Studies
AbbreviationJ. Lat. Am. Cult. Stud.
ISSN (print)1356-9325
ISSN (online)1469-9575
Cultural Studies

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