How to format your references using the Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, Paul. 2004. “Pitching Ideas.” Nature 427 (6976): 759.
A journal article with 2 authors
Williams, Wendy M., and Stephen J. Ceci. 2005. “Recruiters and Academia. Academics Worry about Hiring ‘Undiscovered Geniuses.’” Nature 435 (7041): 534.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yeung, Laurence Y., Jeanine L. Ash, and Edward D. Young. 2015. “Isotope Geochemistry. Biological Signatures in Clumped Isotopes of O₂.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 348 (6233): 431–434.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhao, Yan, Linfeng Hu, Hui Liu, Meiyong Liao, Xiaosheng Fang, and Limin Wu. 2014. “Band Gap Tunable Zn2SnO4 Nanocubes through Thermal Effect and Their Outstanding Ultraviolet Light Photoresponse.” Scientific Reports 4 (October): 6847.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Graham, Carl. 2014. Markov Chains: Analytic and Monte Carlo Computations. Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Mangiameli, Stelio, ed. 2014. Italian Regionalism: Between Unitary Traditions and Federal Processes: Investigating Italy’s Form of State. Vol. 1. Essays on Federalism and Regionalism. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Anderson, James V., David P. Horvath, Wun S. Chao, and Michael E. Foley. 2010. “Bud Dormancy in Perennial Plants: A Mechanism for Survival.” In Dormancy and Resistance in Harsh Environments, edited by Esther Lubzens, Joan Cerda, and Melody Clark, 69–90. Topics in Current Genetics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies.

Blog post
Evans, Katy. 2017. “Welsh Farmer Accidentally Creates World’s Hottest Chili.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Information Security: Progress Made, but Federal Aviation Administration Needs to Improve Controls over Air Traffic Control Systems. GAO-05-712. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beaven, Lindsey. 2014. “Epiphanies of Soul: ‘When the Bolts of the Universe Fly Open.’ A Depth Psychological Contemplation of Wonder.” Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, Sophia. 2000. “From the Ruins of Sarajevo to Stardom at Princeton.” New York Times, April 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2004; Williams and Ceci 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Williams and Ceci 2005)
  • Three authors: (Yeung, Ash, and Young 2015)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zhao et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Latin American Cultural Studies
AbbreviationJ. Lat. Am. Cult. Stud.
ISSN (print)1356-9325
ISSN (online)1469-9575
Cultural Studies

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