How to format your references using the Evolutionary Bioinformatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evolutionary Bioinformatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier Q. Low stocks prompt calls for North Atlantic fishing ban. Nature 2002; 419: 866.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hart DM, Branscomb LM. Research, innovation and politics. Nature 2000; 407: 561–562.
A journal article with 3 authors
Park HH, Woo K, Ahn J-P. Core-shell bimetallic nanoparticles robustly fixed on the outermost surface of magnetic silica microspheres. Sci Rep 2013; 3: 1497.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bejerano G, Pheasant M, Makunin I, et al. Ultraconserved elements in the human genome. Science 2004; 304: 1321–1325.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McCormick K, Salcedo J. SPSS reg Statistics for Data Analysis and Visualization. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2017.
An edited book
Young RA. Transition to Adulthood: Action, Projects, and Counseling. New York, NY: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang V, Carayannis EG. Results. In: Carayannis EG (ed) Promoting Balanced Competitiveness Strategies of Firms in Developing Countries. New York, NY: Springer, 2012, pp. 73–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evolutionary Bioinformatics.

Blog post
Andrews R. This Somersaulting Knight Proves These Warriors Were Surprisingly Agile. IFLScience, (2016, accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Advisory Groups: DOT and DOE Can Take Steps to Better Assess Duplication Risk and Enhance Usefulness. GAO-12-472, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 29 March 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jenkins AK. Satisfaction and organizational commitment of civilian engineers and scientists in United States naval acquisition. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. Nielsen, Highlighting Value of Data, Is Buying Gracenote for $560 Million. New York Times, 21 December 2016, p. B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEvolutionary Bioinformatics
AbbreviationEvol. Bioinform. Online
ISSN (online)1176-9343
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Computer Science Applications

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