How to format your references using the Evolutionary Bioinformatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evolutionary Bioinformatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain C. Physicists celebrate detection of elusive ‘final’ particle. Nature 2000; 406: 334.
A journal article with 2 authors
Buehler MJ, Gao H. Dynamical fracture instabilities due to local hyperelasticity at crack tips. Nature 2006; 439: 307–310.
A journal article with 3 authors
Holmes EA, Craske MG, Graybiel AM. Psychological treatments: A call for mental-health science. Nature 2014; 511: 287–289.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li Y, Bor Y-C, Misawa Y, et al. An intron with a constitutive transport element is retained in a Tap messenger RNA. Nature 2006; 443: 234–237.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marx FG, Lambert O, Uhen MD. Cetacean Paleobiology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2016.
An edited book
Valcke S. Earth System Modelling - Volume 3: Coupling Software and Strategies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Hansson SO. Evaluating the Uncertainties. In: Hansson SO, Hirsch Hadorn G (eds) The Argumentative Turn in Policy Analysis: Reasoning about Uncertainty. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 79–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evolutionary Bioinformatics.

Blog post
Andrew D. Five Reasons Why Cutting NASA’s Climate Research Would Be A Colossal Mistake. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Homeland Security Needs to Improve Entry Exit System Expenditure Planning. GAO-03-563, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 9 June 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mendez H. Examination of friendship and burnout among child welfare workers. Doctoral Dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson M. Jonathan Groff to Sing Bobby Darin Songs. New York Times, 28 June 2017, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEvolutionary Bioinformatics
AbbreviationEvol. Bioinform. Online
ISSN (online)1176-9343
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Computer Science Applications

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