How to format your references using the Evolutionary Bioinformatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evolutionary Bioinformatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ballschmiter K. Atmospheric chemistry. A marine source for alkyl nitrates. Science 2002; 297: 1127–1128.
A journal article with 2 authors
Taira T, Hatoyama Y. Nuclear energy: Nationalize the Fukushima Daiichi atomic plant. Nature 2011; 480: 313–314.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grantab R, Shenoy VB, Ruoff RS. Anomalous strength characteristics of tilt grain boundaries in graphene. Science 2010; 330: 946–948.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Murdock CC, Blanford S, Hughes GL, et al. Temperature alters Plasmodium blocking by Wolbachia. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 3932.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ellis H, Lawson A. Anatomy for Anaesthetists. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2013.
An edited book
Harrigan MR. Handbook of Cerebrovascular Disease and Neurointerventional Technique. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Niemueller T, Reuter S, Ewert D, et al. The Carologistics Approach to Cope with the Increased Complexity and New Challenges of the RoboCup Logistics League 2015. In: Almeida L, Ji J, Steinbauer G, et al. (eds) RoboCup 2015: Robot World Cup XIX. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 47–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evolutionary Bioinformatics.

Blog post
Andrew E. Minerals In Clay Could Be Used To Combat Antibiotic Resistance. IFLScience, (2014, accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Intelsat Privatization and the Implementation of the ORBIT Act. GAO-04-891, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 13 September 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shen H. Organization -employee relationships model: A two -sided story. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S. Art and Its Inspiration, Side by Side. New York Times, 12 July 2015, p. CT8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEvolutionary Bioinformatics
AbbreviationEvol. Bioinform. Online
ISSN (online)1176-9343
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Computer Science Applications

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