How to format your references using the Evolutionary Bioinformatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evolutionary Bioinformatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stirling CH. Geochemistry. Keeping time with Earth’s heaviest element. Science 2012; 335: 1585–1586.
A journal article with 2 authors
Eisenstein JP, Macdonald AH. Bose-Einstein condensation of excitons in bilayer electron systems. Nature 2004; 432: 691–694.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berné O, Marcelino N, Cernicharo J. Waves on the surface of the Orion molecular cloud. Nature 2010; 466: 947–949.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gori S, Agrillo C, Dadda M, et al. Do fish perceive illusory motion? Sci Rep 2014; 4: 6443.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moskowitz HR, Muñoz AM, Gacula MC Jr. Viewpoints and Controversies in Sensory Science and Consumer Product Testing. Trumbull, Connecticut, USA: Food & Nutrition Press, Inc., 2008.
An edited book
Balakrishnan R. A Textbook of Graph Theory. 2nd ed. 2012. New York, NY: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Mucha H-J. Classification, Clustering, and Visualisation Based on Dual Scaling. In: Gaul W, Geyer-Schulz A, Baba Y, et al. (eds) German-Japanese Interchange of Data Analysis Results. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp. 59–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evolutionary Bioinformatics.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Astronomers Have Discovered The Furthest Galaxy Cluster Yet, 11 Billion Light-Years From Earth. IFLScience, (2016, accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Core Competencies in Financial Management for Information Technology Personnel in the Federal Government (Exposure Draft). CC–3, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1 September 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dinh W. Elderly Vietnamese’ perceptions of the effects of Adult Day Health Care services on their mental and physical well-being. Doctoral Dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Even as Puerto Rico Was Buckling Under Debt, Investors Hungered for More. New York Times, 6 May 2017, p. B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEvolutionary Bioinformatics
AbbreviationEvol. Bioinform. Online
ISSN (online)1176-9343
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Computer Science Applications

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