How to format your references using the Evolutionary Bioinformatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evolutionary Bioinformatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball P. Let’s catch some rays. Nature 2002; 419: 12–14.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sriskantharajah S, Ley SC. Cell biology. Turning off inflammation signaling. Science 2010; 327: 1093–1094.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vecchi GA, Swanson KL, Soden BJ. Climate change. Whither hurricane activity? Science 2008; 322: 687–689.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Leventhal AG, Wang Y, Pu M, et al. GABA and its agonists improved visual cortical function in senescent monkeys. Science 2003; 300: 812–815.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raczynski S. Modeling and Simulation. Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2006.
An edited book
Shiffman MA, Di Giuseppe A (eds). Advanced Aesthetic Rhinoplasty: Art, Science, and New Clinical Techniques. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Rolfe J, Bennett J, Kerr G. Applied Benefit Transfer: An Australian and New Zealand Policy Perspective. In: Johnston RJ, Rolfe J, Rosenberger RS, et al. (eds) Benefit Transfer of Environmental and Resource Values: A Guide for Researchers and Practitioners. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2015, pp. 85–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evolutionary Bioinformatics.

Blog post
Andrew E. Whole-Body Imaging Reveals AIDS Virus’ Hiding Spots. IFLScience, (2015, accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Older Driver Safety: Survey of States on Their Implementation of Federal Highway Administration Recommendations and Guidelines (GAO-07-517SP), an E-supplement to GAO-07-413. GAO-07-517SP, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 11 April 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Emale JM. An examination of how conglomerates impact small-medium enterprises in their relationship. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Signer M. Charlottesville Will Move On. New York Times, 19 August 2017, p. A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEvolutionary Bioinformatics
AbbreviationEvol. Bioinform. Online
ISSN (online)1176-9343
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Computer Science Applications

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