How to format your references using the Debatte: Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Debatte: Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Peik, Ekkehard. 2005. “Physics. Logical Spectroscopy.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 309 (5735): 710–711.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilson, Christopher G., and Paul W. Sherman. 2010. “Anciently Asexual Bdelloid Rotifers Escape Lethal Fungal Parasites by Drying up and Blowing Away.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 327 (5965): 574–576.
A journal article with 3 authors
Duncan, Katherine, Arhanti Sadanand, and Lila Davachi. 2012. “Memory’s Penumbra: Episodic Memory Decisions Induce Lingering Mnemonic Biases.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 337 (6093): 485–487.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Li, H. X., J. E. Gao, Y. Wu, Z. B. Jiao, D. Ma, A. D. Stoica, X. L. Wang, Y. Ren, M. K. Miller, and Z. P. Lu. 2013. “Enhancing Glass-Forming Ability via Frustration of Nano-Clustering in Alloys with a High Solvent Content.” Scientific Reports 3: 1983.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Albright, Richard D. 2013. Death of the Chesapeake. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tambouris, Efthimios, Panos Panagiotopoulos, Øystein Sæbø, Maria A. Wimmer, Theresa A. Pardo, Yannis Charalabidis, Delfina Sá Soares, and Tomasz Janowski, eds. 2016. Electronic Participation: 8th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, EPart 2016, Guimarães, Portugal, September 5-8, 2016, Proceedings. Vol. 9821. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Balsamo, Simonetta, Filippo Cavallin, Andrea Marin, and Sabina Rossi. 2016. “Applying Reversibility Theory for the Performance Evaluation of Reversible Computations.” In Analytical and Stochastic Modelling Techniques and Applications: 23rd International Conference, ASMTA 2016, Cardiff, UK, August 24-26, 2016, Proceedings, edited by Sabine Wittevrongel and Tuan Phung-Duc, 45–59. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Debatte: Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Just 6% Of Americans Got All Of These Basic Science Questions Right. How Well Will You Do?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. ADP Systems: Better Control Over States’ Medicaid Systems Needed. IMTEC-89-19. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Houger, Vaughan P. 2011. “Generational Differences and the Impact to Employee Engagement: A Program Design.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gurley, George. 2016. “The Uninvited Guests.” New York Times, October 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Peik 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Peik 2005; Wilson and Sherman 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wilson and Sherman 2010)
  • Three authors: (Duncan, Sadanand, and Davachi 2012)
  • 4 or more authors: (Li et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleDebatte: Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe
ISSN (print)0965-156X
ISSN (online)1469-3712
Cultural Studies

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