How to format your references using the Journal of Land Use Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Land Use Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rehkämper, M. (2000). Tracing the Earth’s evolution. Nature, 407(6806), 848–849.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, X., & Zhao, M. (2014). Strain-induced phase transition and electron spin-polarization in graphene spirals. Scientific Reports, 4, 5699.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ellison, C. R. W., Chapman, M. R., & Hall, I. R. (2006). Surface and deep ocean interactions during the cold climate event 8200 years ago. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5782), 1929–1932.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Grosshans, F., Van Assche, G., Wenger, J., Brouri, R., Cerf, N. J., & Grangier, P. (2003). Quantum key distribution using gaussian-modulated coherent states. Nature, 421(6920), 238–241.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilmshurst, L. (2012). Clinical and Educational Child Psychology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Park, B., & Lu, R. (Eds.). (2015). Hyperspectral Imaging Technology in Food and Agriculture (1st ed. 2015). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
David, S., & Meltzer, S. J. (2011). Epigenetic Alterations as Contributors to the Pathogenesis, Detection, Prognosis and Treatment of Human Pre-invasive Neoplasia. In R. C. Fitzgerald (Ed.), Pre-Invasive Disease: Pathogenesis and Clinical Management (pp. 41–63). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Land Use Science.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, October 30). Different Butterflies And Moths Experience Climate Change Differently. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Aviation Security: Actions Needed to Address Challenges and Potential Vulnerabilities Related to Securing Inbound Air Cargo (GAO-12-632). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reig, M. A. (2008). Cross-Dialectal Variability in Propositional Anaphora: A Quantitative and Pragmatic Study of Null Objects in Mexican and Peninsular Spanish [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2017, January 25). 2 Shows Try to Shake Up Formula for Reality TV. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rehkämper, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Rehkämper, 2000; Zhang & Zhao, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang & Zhao, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Ellison et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Grosshans et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Land Use Science
AbbreviationJ. Land Use Sci.
ISSN (print)1747-423X
ISSN (online)1747-4248
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles