How to format your references using the Journal of Land Use Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Land Use Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butterworth, A. (2014). The moral problem with commercial seal hunting. Nature, 509(7498), 9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Segers, V. F. M., & Lee, R. T. (2008). Stem-cell therapy for cardiac disease. Nature, 451(7181), 937–942.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alves, J. F., Lada, C. J., & Lada, E. A. (2001). Internal structure of a cold dark molecular cloud inferred from the extinction of background starlight. Nature, 409(6817), 159–161.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
van Praag, H., Schinder, A. F., Christie, B. R., Toni, N., Palmer, T. D., & Gage, F. H. (2002). Functional neurogenesis in the adult hippocampus. Nature, 415(6875), 1030–1034.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chiasson, A. D. (2016). Geothermal Heat Pump and Heat Engine Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bhaduri, S., & Mukherjee, I. (Eds.). (2016). Transcultural Negotiations of Gender: Studies in (Be)longing (1st ed. 2016). Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Plinke, W., & Boison, D. (2014). Epilepsy. In E. Lammert & M. Zeeb (Eds.), Metabolism of Human Diseases: Organ Physiology and Pathophysiology (pp. 23–27). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Land Use Science.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, February 2). More Than Half The World’s Most Important Natural Sites Are Under Threat: It’s Time To Protect Them. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Federal Student Loans: Education Could Improve Direct Loan Program Customer Service and Oversight (GAO-16-523). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maddox, C. E. (2012). Postcolonial play: Encounters with sport and physical culture in contemporary India [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goldman, R. (2017, July 18). Saudis Arrest Woman Seen In Miniskirt In Video Clip. New York Times, A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butterworth, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Butterworth, 2014; Segers & Lee, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Segers & Lee, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Alves et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (van Praag et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Land Use Science
AbbreviationJ. Land Use Sci.
ISSN (print)1747-423X
ISSN (online)1747-4248
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles