How to format your references using the Evidence-Based Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evidence-Based Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Butler D. French take physics archives into the future. Nature 2000;407:825.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Tanaka T, Washimi H. Formation of the three-ring structure around supernova 1987A. Science 2002;296:321–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Hanash SM, Pitteri SJ, Faca VM. Mining the plasma proteome for cancer biomarkers. Nature 2008;452:571–9.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Nikolaev A, McLaughlin T, O’Leary DDM, et al. APP binds DR6 to trigger axon pruning and neuron death via distinct caspases. Nature 2009;457:981–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Çayirci E, Rong C. Security in Wireless Ad Hoc and Sensor Networks. Chichester, UK: : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd 2009.
An edited book
1
Kole C, editor. Fruits and Nuts. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Chistyakov VV. Modular Contractions and Their Application. In: Goldengorin B, Kalyagin VA, Pardalos PM, eds. Models, Algorithms, and Technologies for Network Analysis: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Network Analysis. New York, NY: : Springer 2013. 65–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evidence-Based Nursing.

Blog post
1
Andrew D. 16 Ridiculous ‘Facts’ About Animals You Should Really Stop Repeating. IFLScience. 2016.https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/16-ridiculous-facts-about-animals-you-should-really-stop-repeating/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology Management: Improvements Needed in Strategic Planning, Performance Measurement, and Investment Management Governmentwide. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Osifalujo A. Code-switching in Working African Americans: Internalized Racism, Minority Status, and Organizational Commitment. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Asia: Putin Indicates Kurile Deal Is Not Likely Soon. New York Times. 2004;:A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEvidence-Based Nursing
AbbreviationEvid. Based. Nurs.
ISSN (print)1367-6539
ISSN (online)1468-9618
ScopeFundamentals and skills

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