How to format your references using the Evidence-Based Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evidence-Based Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Schlessinger J. Common and distinct elements in cellular signaling via EGF and FGF receptors. Science 2004;306:1506–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Davidson AL, Chen J. Structural biology. Flipping lipids: is the third time the charm? Science 2005;308:963–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Buehler MJ, Abraham FF, Gao H. Hyperelasticity governs dynamic fracture at a critical length scale. Nature 2003;426:141–6.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Endres NF, Yoshioka C, Milligan RA, et al. A lever-arm rotation drives motility of the minus-end-directed kinesin Ncd. Nature 2006;439:875–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Barnett AH, Grice J. New Mechanisms in Glucose Control. Hoboken, NJ USA: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2011.
An edited book
1
Savitz SI, Rosenbaum DM, editors. Stroke Recovery with Cellular Therapies. Totowa, NJ: : Humana Press 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Goldenberg E, Gilbert BR. Scrotal Ultrasound. In: Gilbert BR, ed. Ultrasound of the Male Genitalia. New York, NY: : Springer 2015. 75–124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evidence-Based Nursing.

Blog post
1
Hale T. Icelandic Police Think Drivers Are Drunk, But They’re Just Distracted By Northern Lights. IFLScience. 2017.https://www.iflscience.com/environment/icelandic-police-think-drivers-are-drunk-but-theyre-just-distracted-by-northern-lights/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: SEMATECH’s Efforts to Strengthen the U.S. Semiconductor Industry. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Skinner R. Artistiya: Popular music and personhood in postcolonial Bamako, Mali. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Rothenberg B. Engaged Players Are on Same Side, Even in Singles. New York Times. 2017;:SP5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEvidence-Based Nursing
AbbreviationEvid. Based. Nurs.
ISSN (print)1367-6539
ISSN (online)1468-9618
ScopeFundamentals and skills

Other styles