How to format your references using the Journal of Laboratory Physicians citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Laboratory Physicians. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Diamond J. Archaeology. Easter Island revisited. Science 2007;317(5845):1692–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Pennycook SJ, Kalinin SV. Microscopy: Hasten high resolution. Nature 2014;515(7528):487–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Turalska M, West BJ, Grigolini P. Role of committed minorities in times of crisis. Sci Rep 2013;3:1371.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Myhrvold C, Freije CA, Gootenberg JS, Abudayyeh OO, Metsky HC, Durbin AF, et al. Field-deployable viral diagnostics using CRISPR-Cas13. Science 2018;360(6387):444–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Beach D. The Responsible Conduct of Research. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 1996.
An edited book
1.
Mansourian S. Forest Restoration in Landscapes: Beyond Planting Trees. New York, NY: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Nasdala L, Beyssac O, William Schopf J, Bleisteiner B. Application of Raman-based images in the Earth sciences. In: Zoubir A, editor. Raman Imaging: Techniques and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. page 145–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Laboratory Physicians.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Planet Earth II Releases New Footage Of The Epic Baby Iguana-Snake Showdown [Internet]. IFLScience2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/planet-earth-ii-releases-new-footage-of-the-epic-baby-iguanasnake-showdown/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Examination of Selected Aspects of the Financial Management System of Goddard Space Flight Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Spratley AM. Connecting Law and Creativity: The Role of Lawyers in Supporting Creative and Innovative Economic Development. 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Williams J. Found in Translation. New York Times2016;BR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Laboratory Physicians
AbbreviationJ. Lab. Physicians
ISSN (print)0974-2727
ISSN (online)0974-7826
Scope

Other styles