How to format your references using the European Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Simon J. Condensed-matter physics: magnetic fields without magnetic fields. Nature 2014;515:202–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Nemoto S, Finkel T. Redox regulation of forkhead proteins through a p66shc-dependent signaling pathway. Science 2002;295:2450–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
van den Heuvel MGL, de Graaff MP, Dekker C. Molecular sorting by electrical steering of microtubules in kinesin-coated channels. Science 2006;312:910–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Reich D, Green RE, Kircher M, Krause J, Patterson N, Durand EY, et al. Genetic history of an archaic hominin group from Denisova Cave in Siberia. Nature 2010;468:1053–60.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Millon T, Grossman S. Overcoming Resistant Personality Disorders. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
[1]
Dabrowski M, Rostowski J, editors. The Eastern Enlargement of the Eurozone. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Vig R, Star JR, Dupuis DN, Lein AE, Jitendra AK. Exploring the Impact of Knowledge of Multiple Strategies on Students’ Learning About Proportions. In: Middleton JA, Cai J, Hwang S, editors. Large-Scale Studies in Mathematics Education, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 61–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Urology.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Could T. Rex Really Only See You If You Moved? IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology Workers: Employment and Starting Salaries. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Harper NR. The Relationship between Worry Symptoms of Generalized Anxiety Disorder and True Memory, False Memory, and Metamemory. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kishkovsky S. For Russia’s Nouveaux Riches, Indoor Plumbing Deluxe. New York Times 2005:A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Urology
AbbreviationEur. Urol.
ISSN (print)0302-2838
ScopeUrology

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