How to format your references using the European Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Gerber C. Heinrich Rohrer (1933-2013). Nature 2013;499:30.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Sugarman J, Siegel AW. Research ethics. When embryonic stem cell lines fail to meet consent standards. Science 2008;322:379.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Cao YC, Jin R, Mirkin CA. Nanoparticles with Raman spectroscopic fingerprints for DNA and RNA detection. Science 2002;297:1536–40.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Huertas P, Cortés-Ledesma F, Sartori AA, Aguilera A, Jackson SP. CDK targets Sae2 to control DNA-end resection and homologous recombination. Nature 2008;455:689–92.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Wolf EL, Medikonda M. Understanding the Nanotechnology Revolution. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Morais JP. Real Quaternionic Calculus Handbook. Basel: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Bai Y, Han X, Prince JL. Geometric Deformable Models. In: Paragios N, Duncan J, Ayache N, editors. Handbook of Biomedical Imaging: Methodologies and Clinical Research, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2015, p. 83–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Urology.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. For Fish, Warmer Waters Are Okay, But Not Extreme Heat. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Status of FAA’s Modernization Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Poyaoan-Linzaga MR. The effects of patient communication in early intervention for falls among the Medicare patients. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Vecsey G. Cameras, Action and Even Lights. New York Times 2010:D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Urology
AbbreviationEur. Urol.
ISSN (print)0302-2838
ScopeUrology

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