How to format your references using the European Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Gaherty JB. Seismic evidence for hotspot-induced buoyant flow beneath the Reykjanes Ridge. Science 2001;293:1645–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Hellman A, Chess A. Gene body-specific methylation on the active X chromosome. Science 2007;315:1141–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Meng F, McGrath KP, Hoveyda AH. Multifunctional organoboron compounds for scalable natural product synthesis. Nature 2014;513:367–74.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Soloviev AV, Lukas R, Donelan MA, Haus BK, Ginis I. The air-sea interface and surface stress under tropical cyclones. Sci Rep 2014;4:5306.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Purkis S, Klemas V. Remote Sensing and Global Environmental Change. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Safavi-Naini R, Canetti R, editors. Advances in Cryptology – CRYPTO 2012: 32nd Annual Cryptology Conference, Santa Barbara, CA, USA, August 19-23, 2012. Proceedings. vol. 7417. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Atwa AA. Entomopathogenic Nematodes as Biopesticides. In: Sahayaraj K, editor. Basic and Applied Aspects of Biopesticides, New Delhi: Springer India; 2014, p. 69–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Urology.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Researchers Reveal Smallest, Fastest Nanomotor Yet. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/researchers-reveal-smallest-fastest-nanomotor-yet/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: FCC Does Not Know if All Required Fees Are Collected. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Harris SK. Dissecting the Disappearing Act: Discussing the Dissipation of Black Male Role Models in Black Communities. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Strauss B. Knicks’ Rose May Be in Court, Not on It, When Team Begins Preseason. New York Times 2016:B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Urology
AbbreviationEur. Urol.
ISSN (print)0302-2838
ScopeUrology

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