How to format your references using the Journal of Labor Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Labor Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Julienne PS (2014) Low-temperature physics: Chaos in the cold. Nature 507:440–441
A journal article with 2 authors
Wardle DA, Lindahl BD (2014) Ecology. Disentangling global soil fungal diversity. Science 346:1052–1053
A journal article with 3 authors
Yashiro K, Shiratori H, Hamada H (2007) Haemodynamics determined by a genetic programme govern asymmetric development of the aortic arch. Nature 450:285–288
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Meyers D, Mukherjee S, Cheng J-G, et al (2013) Zhang-Rice physics and anomalous copper states in A-site ordered perovskites. Sci Rep 3:1834

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cavalla D (2015) Off-label prescribing - Justifying unapproved medicine. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Liu X (2012) The Design of Cloud Workflow Systems. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Giraud O, Georgeot B, Martin J (2009) Entanglement and Localization of Wavefunctions. In: Casati G, Matrasulov D (eds) Complex Phenomena in Nanoscale Systems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 51–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Labor Research.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Red Squirrels In The UK Are Infected By Human Leprosy. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Federal Communications Commission: Assessment and Collection of Regulatory Fees for Fiscal Year 2000. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wuite J (2006) Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Three East Antarctic Outlet Glaciers and Their Floating Ice Tongues. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E (1995) Ghosts Of Montero, By the Sea. New York Times 134

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Julienne 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Julienne 2014; Wardle and Lindahl 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wardle and Lindahl 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Meyers et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Labor Research
AbbreviationJ. Labor Res.
ISSN (print)0195-3613
ISSN (online)1936-4768
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Strategy and Management

Other styles