How to format your references using the Journal of Labor Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Labor Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cohen J (2001) Knife-edge of design. Nature 411:529
A journal article with 2 authors
Barve A, Wagner A (2013) A latent capacity for evolutionary innovation through exaptation in metabolic systems. Nature 500:203–206
A journal article with 3 authors
Nagashima K, Krot AN, Yurimoto H (2004) Stardust silicates from primitive meteorites. Nature 428:921–924
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bunders MJ, van Hamme JL, Jansen MH, et al (2014) Fetal exposure to HIV-1 alters chemokine receptor expression by CD4+T cells and increases susceptibility to HIV-1. Sci Rep 4:6690

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith MC, Sherman DM (2009) Goat Medicine. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Meyer KC, Glanville AR (eds) (2013) Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome in Lung Transplantation. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Kalra MK (2008) Dual-Source CT: Practical Aspects of Techniques and Applications. In: Kalra MK, Saini S, Rubin GD (eds) MDCT: From Protocols to Practice. Springer, Milano, pp 42–51

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Labor Research.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Five Awesome Science Courses You Can Take Online Completely Free. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Social Security Administration: Effective Information Technology Management Essential for Data Center Initiative. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chung EK (2003) The Sophisticated Genetic Diversities of Human Complement Component C4 and RCCX Modules in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2007) Accreditation Restored At Nassau Medical Center. New York Times 14LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cohen 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Cohen 2001; Barve and Wagner 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Barve and Wagner 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Bunders et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Labor Research
AbbreviationJ. Labor Res.
ISSN (print)0195-3613
ISSN (online)1936-4768
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Strategy and Management

Other styles