How to format your references using the Journal of Labor Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Labor Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marder SR (2014) Perspective: Retreat from the radical. Nature 508:S18
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson RT, Lovley DR (2000) Hexadecane decay by methanogenesis. Nature 404:722–723
A journal article with 3 authors
Pocock MJO, Evans DM, Memmott J (2012) The robustness and restoration of a network of ecological networks. Science 335:973–977
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Valiullin R, Naumov S, Galvosas P, et al (2006) Exploration of molecular dynamics during transient sorption of fluids in mesoporous materials. Nature 443:965–968

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hoffmann W (2014) The Economic Competitiveness of Renewable Energy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Leal Filho W, Kotter R (eds) (2015) E-Mobility in Europe: Trends and Good Practice. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Ju S, Kim Y, Jeong S, et al (2016) Gamma-Ray Dose-Rate Dependence on Radiation Resistance of Specialty Optical Fiber with Inner Cladding Layers. In: Ribeiro PA, Raposo M (eds) Photoptics 2014: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Photonics, Optics and Laser Technology Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 51–65

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Labor Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016) Apollo Computer Engineer Margaret Hamilton Awarded Presidential Medal Of Freedom. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) Request for Comments on Proposed Amendment. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aghaee M (2016) Analysis of Dynamics and Optimal Control for an SIR Epidemiological Model with Time-varying Populations. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2006) Court Opens Campaign Law to Challenges. New York Times A16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marder 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Anderson and Lovley 2000; Marder 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anderson and Lovley 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Valiullin et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Labor Research
AbbreviationJ. Labor Res.
ISSN (print)0195-3613
ISSN (online)1936-4768
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Strategy and Management

Other styles