How to format your references using the Journal of Labor Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Labor Research (J Labor Res). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Deweerdt S (2014) Comparative biology: Naked ambition. Nature 509:S60-1
A journal article with 2 authors
Hughes S, Gurung S (2014) Exploring the boundary between a siphon and barometer in a hypobaric chamber. Sci Rep 4:4741
A journal article with 3 authors
Nguyen TD, Ehrenfreund E, Vardeny ZV (2012) Spin-polarized light-emitting diode based on an organic bipolar spin valve. Science 337:204–209
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Folco L, Di Martino M, El Barkooky A, et al (2010) The Kamil Crater in Egypt. Science 329:804

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nölte J (2005) ICP Emissionsspektrometrie für Praktiker. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
Ren SY (ed) (2006) Electronic States in Crystals of Finite Size: Quantum Confinement of Bloch Waves. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Pan I, Das S (2013) Fractional Order Controller Tuning Using Swarm and Evolutionary Algorithms. In: Das S (ed) Intelligent Fractional Order Systems and Control: An Introduction. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 87–131

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Labor Research.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2014) Watch A Beating Stem Cell Heart. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) Public Schools: Insufficient Research to Determine Effectiveness of Selected Private Education Companies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bracht KD (2010) Causes of nonattendance and its effect on student achievement at the high school level. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L, Kirkpatrick DD (2007) Justices Loosen Ad Restrictions In Campaign Law. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hardcastle 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Steneck 2013; Woolston 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hughes and Gurung 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Postberg et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Labor Research
AbbreviationJ. Labor Res.
ISSN (print)0195-3613
ISSN (online)1936-4768
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Strategy and Management

Other styles