How to format your references using the Food Science and Human Wellness citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Science and Human Wellness. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K.M. Cuffey, Climate change. A Matter of firn, Science. 320 (2008) 1596–1597.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Anderson, T. Moore, The economics of information security, Science. 314 (2006) 610–613.
A journal article with 3 authors
T.M. Hermans, H. Frauenrath, F. Stellacci, Materials science. Droplets out of equilibrium, Science. 341 (2013) 243–244.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Basu, K.K. Iyer, K. Singh, E.V. Sampathkumaran, Novel dielectric anomalies due to spin-chains above and below Néel temperature in Ca3Co2O6, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3104.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. Burghardt, B. Walls, Managed Futures for Institutional Investors, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
F. Rogin, Debugging at the Electronic System Level, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Cortina-Gil, Direct Reactions at Relativistic Energies: A New Insight into the Single-Particle Structure of Exotic Nuclei, in: C. Scheidenberger, M. Pfützner (Eds.), The Euroschool on Exotic Beams, Vol. IV, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014: pp. 183–232.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Science and Human Wellness.

Blog post
J. Davis, Dakota Access Pipeline Has Been Leaking Oil, And It’s Not Even Operational Yet, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Response to the Department of Education’s Request to Reconsider the High-Risk Designation of Federal Student Aid Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E.C.-R. Klooster, Identifying differences in student traditionalities of remedial math students, adjusted for efficacy, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Rothenberg, Once a Prodigy, Now Stronger for Her Struggles, New York Times. (2017) B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Science and Human Wellness
AbbreviationFood Sci. Hum. Wellness
ISSN (print)2213-4530

Other styles