How to format your references using the Food Science and Human Wellness citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Science and Human Wellness. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Wiersma, The smallest random laser, Nature. 406 (2000) 132–133.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. Deplancke, K.J. Verstrepen, Genetics. Variable outcome of mutations, Science. 335 (2012) 44–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
W. Murdoch, C.J. Briggs, S. Swarbrick, Host suppression and stability in a parasitoid-host system: experimental demonstration, Science. 309 (2005) 610–613.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S.J. Liljegren, G.S. Ditta, Y. Eshed, B. Savidge, J.L. Bowman, M.F. Yanofsky, SHATTERPROOF MADS-box genes control seed dispersal in Arabidopsis, Nature. 404 (2000) 766–770.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. Zeng, W. Lou, M. Li, Multihop Wireless Networks, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2011.
An edited book
E.F. Fang, T.B. Ng, eds., Antitumor Potential and other Emerging Medicinal Properties of Natural Compounds, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Stankova, V. Kubaczkova, L. Sedlarikova, S. Sevcikova, Circulating microRNA as Biomarkers in Hematological Malignancies, in: P. Igaz (Ed.), Circulating MicroRNAs in Disease Diagnostics and Their Potential Biological Relevance, Springer, Basel, 2015: pp. 123–138.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Science and Human Wellness.

Blog post
E. Andrew, No, Sunscreen Will Not Give You Cancer, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Satellite Communications: Strategic Approach Needed for DOD’s Procurement of Commercial Satellite Bandwidth, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
F.I. Mbwiri, Remedial Math Instruction Intervention: Efficacy of Constructivist Practices on Alternative Students with Disabilities Mathematics Achievement, Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Brantley, Summoning the Dead With Sacred Coca-Cola, New York Times. (2017) C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Science and Human Wellness
AbbreviationFood Sci. Hum. Wellness
ISSN (print)2213-4530

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