How to format your references using the Food Science and Human Wellness citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Science and Human Wellness. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A.E. Pasquinelli, Molecular biology. Paring miRNAs through pairing, Science. 328 (2010) 1494–1495.
A journal article with 2 authors
Y. Kaspi, T. Schneider, Winter cold of eastern continental boundaries induced by warm ocean waters, Nature. 471 (2011) 621–624.
A journal article with 3 authors
E.M. Davidson, R. Frothingham, R. Cook-Deegan, Science and security. Practical experiences in dual-use review, Science. 316 (2007) 1432–1433.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Kainosho, T. Torizawa, Y. Iwashita, T. Terauchi, A. Mei Ono, P. Güntert, Optimal isotope labelling for NMR protein structure determinations, Nature. 440 (2006) 52–57.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.R. Hitchner, Financial Valuation, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2017.
An edited book
L.J. Dunne, G. Manos, eds., Adsorption and Phase Behaviour in Nanochannels and Nanotubes, 1st ed., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
D.J. van de Kaa, On the Societal Impact of Modern Contraception, in: G. Beets, J. Schippers, E.R. te Velde (Eds.), The Future of Motherhood in Western Societies: Late Fertility and Its Consequences, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2011: pp. 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Science and Human Wellness.

Blog post
H. Bedell-Pearce, Watch The Launch Of A 3D Printed Carbon Fiber Rocket, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Air Traffic Control: FAA Needs a More Comprehensive Approach to Address Cybersecurity As Agency Transitions to NextGen, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Yi, Interrater reliability between novice and expert functional movement screen raters, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, What He Won’t Say, the White Flag Will, New York Times. (2012) D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Science and Human Wellness
AbbreviationFood Sci. Hum. Wellness
ISSN (print)2213-4530

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