How to format your references using the Food Science and Human Wellness citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Science and Human Wellness. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R.E. Maleczka Jr, Chemistry. Copper puts arenes in a hard position, Science. 323 (2009) 1572–1573.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Rehren, E.B. Pusch, Late Bronze Age glass production at Qantir-Piramesses, Egypt, Science. 308 (2005) 1756–1758.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Weiner, I. Sagi, L. Addadi, Structural biology. Choosing the crystallization path less traveled, Science. 309 (2005) 1027–1028.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Zhu, X. Zhang, R. Li, Q. Li, Planar-defect-rich zinc oxide nanoparticles assembled on carbon nanotube films as ultraviolet emitters and photocatalysts, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4728.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E. Breitmaier, Vom NMR-Spektrum zur Strukturformel organischer Verbindungen, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2005.
An edited book
A.H.M. Hofstede, W.M.P. Aalst, M. Adams, N. Russell, eds., Modern Business Process Automation: YAWL and its Support Environment, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Palen, J.O. Benditt, Nocturnal Noninvasive Ventilation in Neuromuscular Ventilatory Disorders, in: R.C. Basner, S. Parthasarathy (Eds.), Nocturnal Non-Invasive Ventilation: Theory, Evidence, and Clinical Practice, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2015: pp. 113–133.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Science and Human Wellness.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Light-Operated, Gecko-Like Stickiness Could Make Wall-Climbing Robots, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, The Air Force Should Cancel Plans To Acquire Two Computer Systems at Most Bases, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.L. Ibarra, Novice Clinicians and the Experience of Transcendence in Clinical Training and Supervision, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
K. Feeney, Freshness City Dwellers Hunger For, New York Times. (2008) NJ11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Science and Human Wellness
AbbreviationFood Sci. Hum. Wellness
ISSN (print)2213-4530

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