How to format your references using the Antipode citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antipode. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Browning J (2009) Recession Watch: Cut costs and sell what you can. Nature 457(7232):961–962
A journal article with 2 authors
Brumfiel G and Marris E (2006) Physics wins the US budget race. Nature 439(7077):644–645
A journal article with 3 authors
Niemeier D et al (2014) How to transform the practice of engineering to meet global health needs. Science (New York, N.Y.) 345(6202):1287–1290
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mustard J F et al (2005) Olivine and pyroxene diversity in the crust of Mars. Science (New York, N.Y.) 307(5715):1594–1597

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paterson S and Tobias K (2012) Atlas of ear diseases of the dog and cat. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
Sala E (2008) Radiology for Surgeons in Clinical Practice. London: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Nhapi I (2015) Challenges for Water Supply and Sanitation in Developing Countries: Case Studies from Zimbabwe. In Grafton Q et al (eds) Understanding and Managing Urban Water in Transition (pp 91–119). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antipode.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Newly Developed 3D Printer Can Print With Ten Different Materials. IFLScience IFLScience. (last accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) "Special Education: Grant Programs Designed to Serve Children Ages 0-5". Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Randall M H (2006) "Information Technology Certification Programs and Perceptions of Attitude and Need by High School Principals, Information Technology Teachers, and Information Technology Professionals in Ohio". Doctoral dissertation, Columbus, OH, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J (2016) TV’s United States of ‘Sieg Heil.’ New York Times, 15 December, page C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Browning 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Browning 2009; Brumfiel and Marris 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brumfiel and Marris 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Mustard et al 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAntipode
ISSN (print)0066-4812
ISSN (online)1467-8330

Other styles