How to format your references using the Antipode citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antipode. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Südhof T C (2015) Reproducibility: Experimental mismatch in neural circuits. Nature 528(7582):338–339
A journal article with 2 authors
Métin C and Luccardini C (2010) Neuroscience. Ubiquitination inhibits neuronal exit. Science (New York, N.Y.) 330(6012):1754–1755
A journal article with 3 authors
Acuna D E et al (2012) Future impact: Predicting scientific success. Nature 489(7415):201–202
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang Y et al (2017) KAT2A coupled with the α-KGDH complex acts as a histone H3 succinyltransferase. Nature 552(7684):273–277

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
King M (2016) Process Control. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Wu A (2008) Granular Dynamic Theory and Its Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Hansson T et al (2007) Biotoxicity measurements: the nanoinjection technique. In Caiti A (ed) Buried Waste in the Seabed—Acoustic Imaging and Bio-toxicity: Results from the European SITAR Project (pp 31–38). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antipode.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) Science In Crisis: From The Sugar Scam To Brexit, Our Faith In Experts Is Fading. IFLScience IFLScience. (last accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) "Student Financial Aid: Federal Aid Awarded to Students Taking Remedial Courses". Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hill - Carter C N (2010) "Effects of teacher mentoring on teacher retention". Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland J (2016) Chess Tournament Kicks Off With V.I.P. Treatment. New York Times, 12 November, page A23

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Südhof 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Métin and Luccardini 2010; Südhof 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Métin and Luccardini 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleAntipode
ISSN (print)0066-4812
ISSN (online)1467-8330

Other styles