How to format your references using the Antipode citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antipode. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kurchan J (2005) In and out of equilibrium. Nature 433(7023):222–225
A journal article with 2 authors
Devanna P and Vernes S C (2014) A direct molecular link between the autism candidate gene RORa and the schizophrenia candidate MIR137. Scientific reports 4:3994
A journal article with 3 authors
Villegas C E P et al (2014) Optical spectrum of bottom-up graphene nanoribbons: towards efficient atom-thick excitonic solar cells. Scientific reports 4:6579
A journal article with 4 or more authors
García-Meca C et al (2013) Analogue transformations in physics and their application to acoustics. Scientific reports 3:2009

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mastro M (2013) Financial Derivative and Energy Market Valuation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Hosseini S and Ibrahim F (2016) Application of Biochips in Dengue Virus Detection. In Ibrahim F (ed) Novel Polymeric Biochips for Enhanced Detection of Infectious Diseases (pp 39–47). Singapore: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antipode.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) DNA Could Be Used As Nanowire. IFLScience IFLScience. (last accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) "Survey of Workforce Investment Board Directors on the Use of Individual Training Accounts, an E-supplement to GAO-05-650". Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martin R L (2017) "Development of a Nutrition Program with Emphasis on Use of Social Media for Middle School Students". Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E (1997) Children Find Locks, Not Slides. New York Times, 23 November, page 148

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kurchan 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Devanna and Vernes 2014; Kurchan 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Devanna and Vernes 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (García-Meca et al 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAntipode
ISSN (print)0066-4812
ISSN (online)1467-8330

Other styles