How to format your references using the Antipode citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antipode. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kogleck L (2015) Building a powerhouse. Nature 528(7582):S166-7
A journal article with 2 authors
Beller S and Bender A (2008) The limits of counting: numerical cognition between evolution and culture. Science (New York, N.Y.) 319(5860):213–215
A journal article with 3 authors
Kalas P et al (2005) A planetary system as the origin of structure in Fomalhaut’s dust belt. Nature 435(7045):1067–1070
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Isomura T et al (2014) Absence of predispositional attentional sensitivity to angry faces in children with autism spectrum disorders. Scientific reports 4:7525

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Belmont D P (2011) Managing Hedge Fund Risk and Financing. 1 Fusionopolis Walk, #07-01, Solaris South Tower, Singapore 138628: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Moss G P (2015) Predictive Methods in Percutaneous Absorption. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Ekbia H R (2006) Taking Decisions into the Wild: An AI Perspective in the Design of i-DMSS. In Forgionne G A and Mora T. M (eds) Intelligent Decision-making Support Systems: Foundations, Applications and Challenges (pp 79–96). London: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antipode.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Cold Climates Encourage Promiscuity. IFLScience IFLScience. (last accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1972) "Identification of NASA Research and Development Programs Subject to Benefit-Cost Analysis". Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Best T F (2014) "Evaluation of effectiveness, reproducibility, and repeatability of using dentition for estimating cattle age". Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State, MS, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Williams J (2016) A Timeless Observer. New York Times, 25 September, page BR6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kogleck 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Beller and Bender 2008; Kogleck 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Beller and Bender 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Isomura et al 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAntipode
ISSN (print)0066-4812
ISSN (online)1467-8330

Other styles