How to format your references using the Antipode citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antipode. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schadt E (2011) Genome-sequencing anniversary. First steps on a long road. Science (New York, N.Y.) 331(6018):691
A journal article with 2 authors
Yuan J and Yankner B A (2000) Apoptosis in the nervous system. Nature 407(6805):802–809
A journal article with 3 authors
He W et al (2003) Untangling desmosomal knots with electron tomography. Science (New York, N.Y.) 302(5642):109–113
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kato Y et al (2002) A component of the ARC/Mediator complex required for TGF beta/Nodal signalling. Nature 418(6898):641–646

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mowlaee P et al (2017) Single Channel Phase-Aware Signal Processing in Speech Communication: Theory and Practice. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Cham: Springer International Publishing
A chapter in an edited book
Botsch M et al (2005) Efficient Linear System Solvers for Mesh Processing. In Martin R et al (eds) Mathematics of Surfaces XI: 11th IMA International Conference, Loughborough, UK, September 5-7, 2005. Proceedings (pp 62–83). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antipode.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Researchers Find Earliest Example Of Reproduction In A Complex Organism. IFLScience IFLScience. (last accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974) "Administration of the Office of Education’s Student Financial Aid Program". Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pesochinsky N (2019) "Effect of Refractive Vision Correction of Myopia and Hyperopia Through Laser Surgery (LASIK & PRK) on Symptoms of Depression, Stress Perception and Self-esteem in Adults (22-55)". Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx L (2014) Making Headlines With Their Vows. New York Times, 22 June, page ST13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schadt 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Schadt 2011; Yuan and Yankner 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yuan and Yankner 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Kato et al 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAntipode
ISSN (print)0066-4812
ISSN (online)1467-8330

Other styles