How to format your references using the Antipode citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antipode. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bardeen C (2011) Physics. Exciton quenching and migration in single conjugated polymers. Science (New York, N.Y.) 331(6017):544–545
A journal article with 2 authors
Hopkinson C S Jr and Vallino J J (2005) Efficient export of carbon to the deep ocean through dissolved organic matter. Nature 433(7022):142–145
A journal article with 3 authors
Schumacher M A et al (2001) Crystal structures of SarA, a pleiotropic regulator of virulence genes in S. aureus. Nature 409(6817):215–219
A journal article with 4 or more authors
de Heer W A et al (2005) Liquid carbon, carbon-glass beads, and the crystallization of carbon nanotubes. Science (New York, N.Y.) 307(5711):907–910

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dean J R (2005) Practical Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectroscopy: Dean/Plasma. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Howard B (2012) Intersections of Hirzebruch–Zagier Divisors and CM Cycles. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Verma M (2015) The Role of Epigenomics in the Study of Cancer Biomarkers and in the Development of Diagnostic Tools. In Scatena R (ed) Advances in Cancer Biomarkers: From biochemistry to clinic for a critical revision (pp 59–80). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antipode.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Huge Exploding Stars can be Powered by the Strongest Magnets. IFLScience IFLScience. (last accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) "Adolescent Drug Use Prevention: Common Features of Promising Community Programs". Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luna D (2014) "Preventing obesity among foster youth through nutrition and outdoor activities: A grant proposal". Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon J and Cooper M (2013) Blasts at Boston Marathon Kill 3 and Injure 100. New York Times, 15 April, page A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bardeen 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Bardeen 2011; Hopkinson and Vallino 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hopkinson and Vallino 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (de Heer et al 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAntipode
ISSN (print)0066-4812
ISSN (online)1467-8330

Other styles