How to format your references using the Antipode citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antipode. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check E (2003) Cancer fears cast doubts on future of gene therapy. Nature 421(6924):678
A journal article with 2 authors
Purves D and Pacala S (2008) Predictive models of forest dynamics. Science (New York, N.Y.) 320(5882):1452–1453
A journal article with 3 authors
Quax R et al (2013) Information dissipation as an early-warning signal for the Lehman Brothers collapse in financial time series. Scientific reports 3:1898
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Whitchurch C B et al (2002) Extracellular DNA required for bacterial biofilm formation. Science (New York, N.Y.) 295(5559):1487

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baudin P (2014) Wireless Transceiver Architecture. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Cham: Springer International Publishing
A chapter in an edited book
Boulier F et al (2014) Real Root Isolation of Regular Chains. In Feng R et al (eds) Computer Mathematics: 9th Asian Symposium (ASCM2009), Fukuoka, December 2009, 10th Asian Symposium (ASCM2012), Beijing, October 2012, Contributed Papers and Invited Talks (pp 33–48). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antipode.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) NASA Finds Long-Lost Spacecraft After Nearly Two Years Of No Contact. IFLScience IFLScience. (last accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) "Department of Homeland Security: Oversight and Coordination of Research and Development Should Be Strengthened". Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zakharov D (2010) "The discrete Dirac operator and the discrete generalized Weierstrass representation in pseudo-Euclidean spaces". Doctoral dissertation, New York, NY, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gregory Mankiw N and Summers L H (2015) Uniting Behind a Divisive Health Tax. New York Times, 24 October, page BU6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Check 2003; Purves and Pacala 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Purves and Pacala 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Whitchurch et al 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAntipode
ISSN (print)0066-4812
ISSN (online)1467-8330

Other styles