How to format your references using the Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation and Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation and Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Pollitzer E. Biology: Cell sex matters. Nature. 2013;500:23–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gross RA, Kalra B. Biodegradable polymers for the environment. Science. 2002;297:803–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Stager JC, Day JJ, Santini S. Comment on “Origin of the superflock of cichlid fishes from Lake Victoria, East Africa.” Science. 2004;304:963; author reply 963.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Tan Y, Zhang S, Zhang S, Zhang Y, Liu N. Response of microchip solid-state laser to external frequency-shifted feedback and its applications. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2912.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Gwynne A. Guide to Building Control. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2013.
An edited book
1. Pohl V. Advanced Topics in System and Signal Theory: A Mathematical Approach. Boche H, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cho JR, Park J, Sano Y. Edge-disjoint Decompositions of Complete Multipartite Graphs into Gregarious Long Cycles. In: Akiyama J, Kano M, Sakai T, editors. Computational Geometry and Graphs: Thailand-Japan Joint Conference, TJJCCGG 2012, Bangkok, Thailand, December 6-8, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 57–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation and Mental Health.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Students Create 3D-Printed Wheelchair For Disabled Kitten [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. State Infrastructure Banks: A Mechanism to Expand Federal Transportation Financing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Oct. Report No.: RCED-97-9.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Boyer TH. Removal of natural organic matter by anion exchange: Multiscale experimentation and mathematical modeling [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Pilon M. Scandals Test the N.C.A.A.’s Top Rules Enforcer. New York Times. 2011 Dec 17;D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation and Mental Health
AbbreviationJ. Psychosoc. Rehabil. Ment. Health
ISSN (print)2198-9834
ISSN (online)2198-963X

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