How to format your references using the Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brito, L., 2012. Analyzing sustainable development goals. Science 336, 1396.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cohen, F.E., Kelly, J.W., 2003. Therapeutic approaches to protein-misfolding diseases. Nature 426, 905–909.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ravishankara, A.R., Daniel, J.S., Portmann, R.W., 2009. Nitrous oxide (N2O): the dominant ozone-depleting substance emitted in the 21st century. Science 326, 123–125.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Taipale, J., Cooper, M.K., Maiti, T., Beachy, P.A., 2002. Patched acts catalytically to suppress the activity of Smoothened. Nature 418, 892–897.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Natsuno, T., 2005. i-Mode Strategy. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Watson, A., Winbourne, P. (Eds.), 2008. New Directions for Situated Cognition in Mathematics Education, Mathematics Education Library. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Hankinson-Nelson, L., 2016. Feminist and Non-feminist Philosophy of Biology: Parallels, Differences, and Prospects for Future Engagements, in: Amoretti, M.C., Vassallo, N. (Eds.), Meta-Philosophical Reflection on Feminist Philosophies of Science, Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 55–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Why Do We Kiss? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Leasing Office Space: FAA’s Denver Solicitation May Have Unduly Restricted Competition (No. GGD-88-72BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jordan, V.S., 2017. A Mixed Methodology Exploration of White Female Pre-Service Teachers’ Discussions of Race and Gender through Presentations of Counternarratives in Children’s Literature Books (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. Returning to Broadway on Heavier Wings. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brito, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Brito, 2012; Cohen and Kelly, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cohen and Kelly, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Taipale et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences
ISSN (print)1319-1578
ScopeGeneral Computer Science

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