How to format your references using the Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston, D., 2008. Hazy reasoning behind clean air. Nature 452, 519.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, X., Duncan, J.H., 2003. The effects of surfactants on spilling breaking waves. Nature 421, 520–523.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vukusic, P., Sambles, J.R., Lawrence, C.R., 2000. Colour mixing in wing scales of a butterfly. Nature 404, 457.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sheard, L.B., Tan, X., Mao, H., Withers, J., Ben-Nissan, G., Hinds, T.R., Kobayashi, Y., Hsu, F.-F., Sharon, M., Browse, J., He, S.Y., Rizo, J., Howe, G.A., Zheng, N., 2010. Jasmonate perception by inositol-phosphate-potentiated COI1-JAZ co-receptor. Nature 468, 400–405.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simpkins, A.M., Simpkins, C.A., 2010. Meditation and Yoga in Psychotherapy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cai, Y. (Ed.), 2013. 3D Immersive and Interactive Learning. Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Oquendo, F., Leite, J., Batista, T., 2016. Specifying Behavior of Software Architectures, in: Leite, J., Batista, T. (Eds.), Software Architecture in Action: Designing and Executing Architectural Models with SysADL Grounded on the OMG SysML Standard, Undergraduate Topics in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 65–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. Investigation Gives Glimpse Into The Scale Of The Shark Fin Trade [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. Federal Funding Mechanisms in Support of University Research (No. 129326). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kolasa, A., 2014. Essays on Firm Behavior in Developing Countries (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, T., Fernandez, M., 2016. Victim Posed No Threat to Police, Family Says. New York Times A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldston, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Goldston, 2008; Liu and Duncan, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu and Duncan, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Sheard et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences
ISSN (print)1319-1578
ScopeGeneral Computer Science

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