How to format your references using the Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A., 2000. One for all--and all for one. Nature 405, 728.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moran, T.G., Davila, J.M., 2004. Three-dimensional polarimetric imaging of coronal mass ejections. Science 305, 66–70.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ghoshal, G., Chi, L., Barabási, A.-L., 2013. Uncovering the role of elementary processes in network evolution. Sci. Rep. 3, 2920.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jiang, N., Bao, Z., Zhang, X., Hirochika, H., Eddy, S.R., McCouch, S.R., Wessler, S.R., 2003. An active DNA transposon family in rice. Nature 421, 163–167.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cliteur, P., 2010. The Secular Outlook. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Mahrwald, R. (Ed.), 2011. Enantioselective Organocatalyzed Reactions I: Enantioselective Oxidation, Reduction, Functionalization and Desymmetrization. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Doerffer, P., Hirsch, C., Dussauge, J.-P., Babinsky, H., Barakos, G.N., 2011. NACA0012 with Aileron (Marianna Braza), in: Hirsch, C., Dussauge, J.-P., Babinsky, H., Barakos, G.N. (Eds.), Unsteady Effects of Shock Wave Induced Separation, Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 101–131.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. Elon Musk Is Starting A Company Called Neuralink To Control Your Brain [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Traffic Safety: Improved Reporting and Performance Measures Would Enhance Evaluation of High-Visibility Campaigns (No. GAO-08-477). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ziv, A., 2014. Dynamics in interactions with digital technology: A depth psychological/theoretical exploration of the evolutionary-biological, symbolic, and emotional psyche in the digital age (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2000. These Political Button Men Are Relic Makers Now. New York Times 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2000; Moran and Davila, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moran and Davila, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Jiang et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences
ISSN (print)1319-1578
ScopeGeneral Computer Science

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