How to format your references using the Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Feinberg, A.P., 2007. Phenotypic plasticity and the epigenetics of human disease. Nature 447, 433–440.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barry, C., Doeller, C.F., 2013. Neuroscience. 3D mapping in the brain. Science 340, 279–280.
A journal article with 3 authors
Padture, N.P., Gell, M., Jordan, E.H., 2002. Thermal barrier coatings for gas-turbine engine applications. Science 296, 280–284.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mukamel, R., Gelbard, H., Arieli, A., Hasson, U., Fried, I., Malach, R., 2005. Coupling between neuronal firing, field potentials, and FMRI in human auditory cortex. Science 309, 951–954.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chakrabarty, P., 2012. A Guide to Academia. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
DeLoughery, T.G. (Ed.), 2015. Hemostasis and Thrombosis, 3rd ed. 2015. ed. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Maleki, E., Farrahi, G.H., Sherafatnia, K., 2016. Application of Artificial Neural Network to Predict the Effects of Severe Shot Peening on Properties of Low Carbon Steel, in: Öchsner, A., Altenbach, H. (Eds.), Machining, Joining and Modifications of Advanced Materials, Advanced Structured Materials. Springer, Singapore, pp. 45–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Scientists Find Sharks Have Personalities [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. Space Station: Inadequate Planning and Design Led to Propulsion Module Project Failure (No. GAO-01-633). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Laird, E.C., 2012. Training social workers to use solution-focused interviewing with Child Protective Services clients: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M., 2017. A Case That Reverberates In Inkblot-Like Districts. New York Times A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Feinberg, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Barry and Doeller, 2013; Feinberg, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Barry and Doeller, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Mukamel et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences
ISSN (print)1319-1578
ScopeGeneral Computer Science

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