How to format your references using the Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Niu, Y., 2008. Geochemistry. The origin of alkaline lavas. Science 320, 883–884.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carrel, L., Willard, H.F., 2005. X-inactivation profile reveals extensive variability in X-linked gene expression in females. Nature 434, 400–404.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sakai, T., Larsen, M., Yamada, K.M., 2003. Fibronectin requirement in branching morphogenesis. Nature 423, 876–881.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Worobey, M., Rambaut, A., Pybus, O.G., Robertson, D.L., 2002. Questioning the evidence for genetic recombination in the 1918 “Spanish flu” virus. Science 296, 211 discussion 211.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Campbell, C.A., 2008. The One-Page Project Manager for it Projects. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Blande, J.D., Glinwood, R. (Eds.), 2016. Deciphering Chemical Language of Plant Communication, Signaling and Communication in Plants. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Herbener, J., 2014. Fed Policy Errors of the Great Depression, in: Howden, D., Salerno, J.T. (Eds.), The Fed at One Hundred: A Critical View on the Federal Reserve System. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 43–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Amazing Video Of Tattooing Close Up, In Slow Motion [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981. Head Start: An Effective Program but the Fund Distribution Formula Needs Revision and Management Controls Need Improvement (No. HRD-81-83). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beck, N.A., 2017. Mobile Apps for Cognitive Restructuring: A Review and Comparative Analysis (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2012. Linking History and Fortunes of a City and a Team. New York Times A29B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Autor, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2007; White, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carrel and Willard, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Ge et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences
ISSN (print)1319-1578
ScopeGeneral Computer Science

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