How to format your references using the Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jha, A., 2000. Britain turns its attention to nanotech transfer. Nature 408, 620–621.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lyerly, A.D., Faden, R.R., 2007. Embryonic stem cells. Willingness to donate frozen embryos for stem cell research. Science 317, 46–47.
A journal article with 3 authors
Charrier, I., Mathevon, N., Jouventin, P., 2001. Mother’s voice recognition by seal pups. Nature 412, 873.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
He, P., Xu, B., Liu, H., He, S., Saleem, F., Wang, X., 2013. Polyoxometalate-based supramolecular gel. Sci. Rep. 3, 1833.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rieth, M., 2012. Pharmazeutische Mikrobiologie. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
DeMichelis, C., Ferrari, M. (Eds.), 2016. Child and Adolescent Resilience Within Medical Contexts: Integrating Research and Practice. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Shreve, M., Fefilatyev, S., Bonilla, N., Hernandez, G., Goldgof, D., Sarkar, S., 2013. View-Invariant Method for Calculating 2D Optical Strain, in: Jiang, X., Bellon, O.R.P., Goldgof, D., Oishi, T. (Eds.), Advances in Depth Image Analysis and Applications: International Workshop, WDIA 2012, Tsukuba, Japan, November 11, 2012, Revised Selected and Invited Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 42–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. African Countries Square Up For Battle Over Future Of Ivory Trade Ban [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Transition From School to Work: Linking Education and Worksite Training (No. HRD-91-105). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gurska, D.P., 2017. Peering Down the Bottomless Well: Myth in Thomas Mann’s Joseph Tetralogy (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2012. Far From a Straight Shot to a Milestone Achievement. New York Times D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jha, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Jha, 2000; Lyerly and Faden, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lyerly and Faden, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (He et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences
ISSN (print)1319-1578
ScopeGeneral Computer Science

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