How to format your references using the Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bard, E., 2001. Paleoclimate. Extending the calibrated radiocarbon record. Science 292, 2443–2444.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gao, L.-Z., Innan, H., 2004. Very low gene duplication rate in the yeast genome. Science 306, 1367–1370.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reznick, D.N., Mateos, M., Springer, M.S., 2002. Independent origins and rapid evolution of the placenta in the fish genus Poeciliopsis. Science 298, 1018–1020.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Panáková, D., Sprong, H., Marois, E., Thiele, C., Eaton, S., 2005. Lipoprotein particles are required for Hedgehog and Wingless signalling. Nature 435, 58–65.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knight, H.J., 2012. Patent Strategy. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Rana, A.Q., 2013. Neuroradiology in Clinical Practice. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Yon-Kahn, J., Hervé, G., 2010. Living Beings, Open Systems, in: Hervé, G. (Ed.), Molecular and Cellular Enzymology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 63–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Researchers Discover A New State Of Matter [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Computer Procurement: FAA’s $1.5-Billion Computer Resources Nucleus Project (No. IMTEC-89-44FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Choi, Y.-J., 2003. Function of Commissureless and Related Genes in Drosophila Neural Development (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Ketcham, I.W., 1942. Feel of Child’s Hand Found Way to Restored Confidence. New York Times REVIEW OF THE WEEK EDITORIALSE7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bard, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bard, 2001; Gao and Innan, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gao and Innan, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Panáková et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences
ISSN (print)1319-1578
ScopeGeneral Computer Science

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