How to format your references using the Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Levinson, P., 2000. The enduring test. Nature 404, 937.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yea, S.S., Fruman, D.A., 2011. Cell signaling. New mTOR targets Grb attention. Science 332, 1270–1271.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zaks, B., Liu, R.B., Sherwin, M.S., 2012. Experimental observation of electron-hole recollisions. Nature 483, 580–583.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Petrie, M., Schwabl, H., Brande-Lavridsen, N., Burke, T., 2001. Maternal investment. Sex differences in avian yolk hormone levels. Nature 412, 498–499.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zack, G.M., 2012. Financial Statement Fraud. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kobayashi, T., 2016. Conformal Symmetry Breaking Operators for Differential Forms on Spheres, Lecture Notes in Mathematics. Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Teglio, A., Raberto, M., Cincotti, S., 2011. Do Capital Requirements Affect Long-Run Output Trends?, in: Osinga, S., Hofstede, G.J., Verwaart, T. (Eds.), Emergent Results of Artificial Economics, Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 41–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2017. The Daily Life Of A Neanderthal Revealed From The Gunk In Their Teeth [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Comments on Deletion of FTS 2000 Provision from 1996 Appropriation Act (No. B-261944). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Obeng-Dompreh, S., 2008. The impact of servicemembers’ learning styles and computer anxiety levels on computer -mediated learning (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Antilla, S., 2014. Fighting the Old Boys’ Club. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Levinson, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Levinson, 2000; Yea and Fruman, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yea and Fruman, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Petrie et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences
ISSN (print)1319-1578
ScopeGeneral Computer Science

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