How to format your references using the Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Stehfest, Diet: Food choices for health and planet, Nature. 515 (2014) 501–502.
A journal article with 2 authors
A.R. Saltiel, C.R. Kahn, Insulin signalling and the regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism, Nature. 414 (2001) 799–806.
A journal article with 3 authors
B.R. Solomon, M.N. Hyder, K.K. Varanasi, Separating oil-water nanoemulsions using flux-enhanced hierarchical membranes, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5504.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. Huang, G.-F. Shao, X.-M. Zeng, Y.-H. Wen, Diverse melting modes and structural collapse of hollow bimetallic core-shell nanoparticles: a perspective from molecular dynamics simulations, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7051.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C.W. Kang, P.H. Kvam, Basic Statistical Tools for Improving Quality, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
L.A. Pinna, P.T.W. Cohen, eds., Inhibitors of Protein Kinases and Protein Phosphates, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
N.W. Pearlman, Inoperable Abdomino-Pelvic Tumors: Treatment with Radio-Frequency Ablation and Surgical Debulking, in: M.A. Hayat (Ed.), Gastrointestinal Carcinoma, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2009: pp. 37–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, 5 Of The Most Earth-Like Planets We’ve Found, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Severe Storms Research Activities, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E.M. Vidal, Alcohol disorder with hip or knee surgery: Postoperative alcohol disorder-related costs and length of stay, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
T.S. Bernard, Prosecutors Open Criminal Investigation Into Sweeping Equifax Data Breach, New York Times. (2017) B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems
AbbreviationChemometr. Intell. Lab. Syst.
ISSN (print)0169-7439
ScopeProcess Chemistry and Technology
Analytical Chemistry
Computer Science Applications

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