How to format your references using the Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Lightman, A tale of two loves, Nature. 434 (2005) 299–300.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Menand, S.R. Tait, A phenomenological model for precursor volcanic eruptions, Nature. 411 (2001) 678–680.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. Schweinfest, A.T. Paxton, M.W. Finnis, Bismuth embrittlement of copper is an atomic size effect, Nature. 432 (2004) 1008–1011.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Lu, D. Sherman, M. Devor, C.B. Saper, A putative flip-flop switch for control of REM sleep, Nature. 441 (2006) 589–594.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M.P. Singh, M.N. Huhns, Service-Oriented Computing, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
R.J. Gonçalves, J.P. Müller, K. Mertins, M. Zelm, eds., Enterprise Interoperability II: New Challenges and Approaches, Springer, London, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
A.J. Fuligni, Social Identity, Motivation, andWell Being Among Adolescents from Asian and Latin American Backgrounds, in: G. Carlo, L.J. Crockett, M.A. Carranza (Eds.), Health Disparities in Youth and Families: Research and Applications, Springer, New York, NY, 2011: pp. 97–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems.

Blog post
J. Fang, Why European Fruit Flies Hold Their Liquor Better Than Tropical Ones, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Social Security: Restoration of Telephone Access to Local SSA Offices, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. Glover, Reconciling the doctrine of original sin with principles of moral responsibility, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Hodgman, Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman, New York Times. (2016) MM30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems
AbbreviationChemometr. Intell. Lab. Syst.
ISSN (print)0169-7439
ScopeProcess Chemistry and Technology
Analytical Chemistry
Computer Science Applications

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