How to format your references using the Biotechnology and Bioengineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology and Bioengineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grayson M. 2013. Chemistry masterclass. Nature 502:S49.
A journal article with 2 authors
Takano Y, Ukezono M. 2014. An experimental task to examine the mirror system in rats. Sci. Rep. 4:6652.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kushiro T, Nambara E, McCourt P. 2003. Hormone evolution: The key to signalling. Nature 422:122.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yamamoto Y, Verma UN, Prajapati S, Kwak Y-T, Gaynor RB. 2003. Histone H3 phosphorylation by IKK-alpha is critical for cytokine-induced gene expression. Nature 423:655–659.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silvia T, Anzur T. 2011. Power Performance. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Latawiec KJ, Łukaniszyn M, Stanisławski R eds. 2015. Advances in Modelling and Control of Non-integer-Order Systems: 6th Conference on Non-integer Order Calculus and Its Applications, 2014 Opole, Poland. Cham: Springer International Publishing. Vol. 320 XIV, 295 p. 83 illus p. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering.
A chapter in an edited book
Fujita S, Ito K, Godoy S. 2009. The Energy Gap Equations. In: Ito, K, Godoy, S, editors. Quantum Theory of Conducting Matter: Superconductivity. New York, NY: Springer, pp. 45–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology and Bioengineering.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Jaw-Bone Discovery Reveals More About Secret Sex Lives Of Neanderthals And Early Humans. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. Status of the NAVSTAR Global Positioning System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gu P. 2017. Advanced Nonlinear Control and Estimation Methods for AC Power Generation Systems. Doctoral dissertation; Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dorman JL. 2017. What Kal Penn Loves About Being in Toronto. New York Times, May 3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grayson, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Grayson, 2013; Takano and Ukezono, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Takano and Ukezono, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Yamamoto et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology and Bioengineering
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Bioeng.
ISSN (print)0006-3592
ISSN (online)1097-0290
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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