How to format your references using the Biotechnology and Bioengineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology and Bioengineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Batty M. 2008. The size, scale, and shape of cities. Science 319:769–771.
A journal article with 2 authors
van Doorn GS, Kirkpatrick M. 2007. Turnover of sex chromosomes induced by sexual conflict. Nature 449:909–912.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu M-H, Wan L-Z, Zhang Y-Q. 2014. A novel sodium N-fatty acyl amino acid surfactant using silkworm pupae as stock material. Sci. Rep. 4:4428.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Beck M, Förster F, Ecke M, Plitzko JM, Melchior F, Gerisch G, Baumeister W, Medalia O. 2004. Nuclear pore complex structure and dynamics revealed by cryoelectron tomography. Science 306:1387–1390.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dixon B, Uddameri V. 2015. GIS and Geocomputation for Water Resource Science and Engineering. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Jacobson MJ, Reimann P eds. 2010. Designs for Learning Environments of the Future: International Perspectives from the Learning Sciences. Boston, MA: Springer US XI, 291 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Roberts P. 2012. Education, Society and the Individual. In: Roberts, P, editor. From West to East and Back Again: An Educational Reading of Hermann Hesse’s Later Work. Rotterdam: SensePublishers, pp. 55–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology and Bioengineering.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Two-Headed Dolphin Washes Up On Turkish Beach. IFLScience. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/two-headed-dolphin-washes-turkish-beach/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Information Technology Reform: Progress Made but Future Cloud Computing Efforts Should be Better Planned. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grace-McCaskey CA. 2012. Fishermen, Politics, and Participation: An Ethnographic Examination of Commercial Fisheries Management in St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands. Doctoral dissertation; Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by. 2005. Arts, Briefly; Russian Film Studio Sale Is Delayed Yet Again. New York Times, March 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Batty, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Batty, 2008; van Doorn and Kirkpatrick, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (van Doorn and Kirkpatrick, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Beck et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology and Bioengineering
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Bioeng.
ISSN (print)0006-3592
ISSN (online)1097-0290
ScopeBiotechnology
Bioengineering
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Other styles