How to format your references using the Biotechnology and Bioengineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology and Bioengineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dolgin E. 2014. Therapeutics: Negative feedback. Nature 508:S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bhalerao S, Clandinin TR. 2012. Cell biology. Vitamin K2 takes charge. Science 336:1241–1242.
A journal article with 3 authors
Majumder A, Ghatak A, Sharma A. 2007. Microfluidic adhesion induced by subsurface microstructures. Science 318:258–261.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hoeijmakers HJ, Ehrenreich D, Heng K, Kitzmann D, Grimm SL, Allart R, Deitrick R, Wyttenbach A, Oreshenko M, Pino L, Rimmer PB, Molinari E, Di Fabrizio L. 2018. Atomic iron and titanium in the atmosphere of the exoplanet KELT-9b. Nature 560:453–455.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allen M. 2015. Foundations of Forensic Document Analysis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Celi M ed. 2015. Advanced Design Cultures: Long-Term Perspective and Continuous Innovation. Cham: Springer International Publishing IX, 169 p. 16 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
Cilley C. 2008. Latin America’s Mixed Views About Globalization, Investments and the United States. In: Carballo, M, Hjelmar, U, editors. Public Opinion Polling in a Globalized World. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 61–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology and Bioengineering.

Blog post
Davis J. 2015. ExxonMobil Under Investigation Over Claims It Lied To The Public Over Climate Change. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Tax Administration: Achieving Business and Technical Goals In Tax Systems Modernization. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Scaringe JG. 2010. An investigation into the faculty development practices in chiropractic education programs. Doctoral dissertation; Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. 2013. T. I. Zaslavskaya, 86; Advised Gorbachev. New York Times, September 4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dolgin, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bhalerao and Clandinin, 2012; Dolgin, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bhalerao and Clandinin, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Hoeijmakers et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology and Bioengineering
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Bioeng.
ISSN (print)0006-3592
ISSN (online)1097-0290
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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