How to format your references using the Biotechnology and Bioengineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology and Bioengineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clary DC. 2005. Chemistry. Geometric phase in chemical reactions. Science 309:1195–1196.
A journal article with 2 authors
Strzepek RF, Harrison PJ. 2004. Photosynthetic architecture differs in coastal and oceanic diatoms. Nature 431:689–692.
A journal article with 3 authors
Armbrecht I, Perfecto I, Vandermeer J. 2004. Enigmatic biodiversity correlations: ant diversity responds to diverse resources. Science 304:284–286.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lipton AJ, Johnson MA, Macdonald T, Lieberman MW, Gozal D, Gaston B. 2001. S-nitrosothiols signal the ventilatory response to hypoxia. Nature 413:171–174.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Owen JS, Fiedler-Kelly J. 2014. Introduction to Population Pharmacokinetic / Pharmacodynamic Analysis with Nonlinear Mixed Effects Models. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Winter J, Ono R eds. 2015. The Future Internet: Alternative Visions 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing. Vol. 17 XIII, 232 p. 7 illus., 6 illus. in color p. Public Administration and Information Technology.
A chapter in an edited book
Huang D, Leung H. 2010. An EM-IMM Method for Simultaneous Registration and Fusion of Multiple Radars and ESM Sensors. In: Mukhopadhyay, SC, Leung, H, editors. Advances in Wireless Sensors and Sensor Networks. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, pp. 101–124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology and Bioengineering.

Blog post
Fang J. 2014. Male Worm Brains are Wired to Choose Sex Over Food. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. Electronic Government: Challenges to Effective Adoption of the Extensible Markup Language. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Do NH. 2012. An examination of support systems to enable Vietnamese immigrants to acquire English skills. Doctoral dissertation; Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C. 2012. Giving Conservative Films A Head Start, Right Here. New York Times, September 16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clary, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Clary, 2005; Strzepek and Harrison, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Strzepek and Harrison, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Lipton et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology and Bioengineering
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Bioeng.
ISSN (print)0006-3592
ISSN (online)1097-0290
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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