How to format your references using the Journal of International Money and Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Money and Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Du Pasquier, L., 2005. Immunology. Insects diversify one molecule to serve two systems. Science 309, 1826–1827.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bhat, S.G., Kumar, P.S.A., 2014. Room temperature electrical spin injection into GaAs by an oxide spin injector. Sci. Rep. 4, 5588.
A journal article with 3 authors
Irwin, D.E., Bensch, S., Price, T.D., 2001. Speciation in a ring. Nature 409, 333–337.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Skålén, K., Gustafsson, M., Rydberg, E.K., Hultén, L.M., Wiklund, O., Innerarity, T.L., Borén, J., 2002. Subendothelial retention of atherogenic lipoproteins in early atherosclerosis. Nature 417, 750–754.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shamsuddin, M., 2016. Physical Chemistry of Metallurgical Processes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mitiche, A., 2011. Variational and Level Set Methods in Image Segmentation, Springer Topics in Signal Processing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Boehlke, J., Osińska, M., 2016. Concept and Inference Based on Experiments in Economics, in: Nermend, K., Łatuszyńska, M. (Eds.), Selected Issues in Experimental Economics: Proceedings of the 2015 Computational Methods in Experimental Economics (CMEE) Conference, Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 37–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Money and Finance.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Calories In, Calories Out – Obesity And The Energy Imbalance Gap [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Excise Taxes: Use of Safe Harbor Look-Back Rules (No. GGD-97-175R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, A.M., 2010. Examining the socially responsible leadership development outcomes of study abroad experiences for college seniors (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, A.L., 2014. Push to Rid City of Classrooms That Are Anything but Temporary. New York Times A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Du Pasquier, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Bhat and Kumar, 2014; Du Pasquier, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bhat and Kumar, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Skålén et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Money and Finance
AbbreviationJ. Int. Money Finance
ISSN (print)0261-5606
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

Other styles