How to format your references using the Journal of International Money and Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Money and Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Aldhous, P., 2002. Agribiotech: more heat than light. Nature 420, 730–731.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boroson, T.A., Lauer, T.R., 2009. A candidate sub-parsec supermassive binary black hole system. Nature 458, 53–55.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hovenden, M.J., Newton, P.C.D., Wills, K.E., 2014. Seasonal not annual rainfall determines grassland biomass response to carbon dioxide. Nature 511, 583–586.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yuan, Y., Xu, W., He, X., Liu, H., Cao, S., Qi, X., Huang, K., Luo, Y., 2013. Effects of genetically modified T2A-1 rice on the GI health of rats after 90-day supplement. Sci. Rep. 3, 1962.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Held, G., 2001. Bulletproofing TCP/IP-based Windows NT/2000 Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Peris-Ortiz, M., Merigó-Lindahl, J.M. (Eds.), 2015. Entrepreneurship, Regional Development and Culture: An Institutional Perspective. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Deantoni, J., Brun, C., Caillaud, B., France, R.B., Karsai, G., Nierstrasz, O., Syriani, E., 2015. Domain Globalization: Using Languages to Support Technical and Social Coordination, in: Combemale, B., Cheng, B.H.C., France, R.B., Jézéquel, J.-M., Rumpe, B. (Eds.), Globalizing Domain-Specific Languages: International Dagstuhl Seminar, Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, October 5-10, 2014, Revised Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 70–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Money and Finance.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. New Horned Dino Rocked a Crown-Shaped Frill [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Essential Air Service: Changes in Subsidy Levels, Air Carrier Costs, and Passenger Traffic (No. RCED-00-34). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hong, H.J., 2017. Acrolein Modification of Human Apolipoprotein A-I Impairs Binding to Phosphatidylglycerol and Lipopolysaccharide of Gram-Negative Bacteria (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky, M., 2017. The Best Cities for Millennials. New York Times RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Aldhous, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Aldhous, 2002; Boroson and Lauer, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boroson and Lauer, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Yuan et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Money and Finance
AbbreviationJ. Int. Money Finance
ISSN (print)0261-5606
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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