How to format your references using the Journal of International Money and Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Money and Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anthes, E., 2014. Ageing: Live faster, die younger. Nature 508, S16-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rao, M., Sockanathan, S., 2005. Transmembrane protein GDE2 induces motor neuron differentiation in vivo. Science 309, 2212–2215.
A journal article with 3 authors
Erez, E., Fass, D., Bibi, E., 2009. How intramembrane proteases bury hydrolytic reactions in the membrane. Nature 459, 371–378.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, S.-H., Reeves, J.M., Wilson, J.C., Hunton, D.E., Viggiano, A.A., Miller, T.M., Ballenthin, J.O., Lait, L.R., 2003. Particle formation by ion nucleation in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere. Science 301, 1886–1889.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ryan, T.P., 2011. Statistical Methods for Quality Improvement: Ryan/Quality Improvement 3E, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dib, N., Taylor, D.A., Diethrich, E.B. (Eds.), 2006. Stem Cell Therapy and Tissue Engineering for Cardiovascular Repair: From Basic Research to Clinical Applications. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Ellis-Monaghan, J.A., Moffatt, I., 2013. Interactions with Graph Polynomials, in: Moffatt, I. (Ed.), Graphs on Surfaces: Dualities, Polynomials, and Knots, SpringerBriefs in Mathematics. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 61–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Money and Finance.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Simple Memory Test Could Offer Hints of Alzheimer’s 18 Years Before Diagnosis [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Student Loans: Default Rates at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (No. HRD-93-117FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Graves, I.S., 2010. Positioning of Fifth Grade Students in Small-Group Settings: Naming Participation in Discussion-Based Mathematics (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hammond, M.S., 2013. The Art of Passing for Them. New York Times BR27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Anthes, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Anthes, 2014; Rao and Sockanathan, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rao and Sockanathan, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Money and Finance
AbbreviationJ. Int. Money Finance
ISSN (print)0261-5606
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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