How to format your references using the Journal of International Money and Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Money and Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Centola, D., 2010. The spread of behavior in an online social network experiment. Science 329, 1194–1197.
A journal article with 2 authors
Panian, J., Wiltschko, D., 2004. Ramp initiation in a thrust wedge. Nature 427, 624–627.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gélinas, Y., Baldock, J.A., Hedges, J.I., 2001. Organic carbon composition of marine sediments: effect of oxygen exposure on oil generation potential. Science 294, 145–148.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bockmann, F.A., Rodrigues, M.T., Kohsldorf, T., Straker, L.C., Grant, T., de Pinna, M.C.C., Mantelatto, F.L.M., Datovo, A., Pombal, J.P., Jr, McNamara, J.C., de Almeida, E.A.B., Klein, W., Hsiou, A.S., Groppo, M., E Castro, R.M.C., de Souza Amorim, D., 2018. Brazil’s government attacks biodiversity. Science 360, 865.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang, J., Wang, Q., 2012. Body Area Communications. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Rossberg, J., 2012. Pro Application Lifecycle Management with Visual Studio 2012, Second Edition. ed. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Castellani, L., Fornaro, G.A., 2011. Le regole del gioco, in: Fornaro, G.A. (Ed.), Teletrasporto: Dalla Fantascienza Alla Realtà, I Blu. Springer, Milano, pp. 45–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Money and Finance.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. A New Type Of Phantom Memory Has Been Found In The Human Brain [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2017. Tribal Transportation: Better Data Could Improve Road Management and Inform Indian Student Attendance Strategies (No. GAO-17-423). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhao, J., 2012. Contextual Differential Item Functioning: Examining the Validity of Teaching Self-Efficacy Instruments Using Hierarchical Generalized Linear Modeling (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rohan, T., 2014. Before Hitting and Fielding, Young Mets Seek Edge by Running and Stretching. New York Times SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Centola, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Centola, 2010; Panian and Wiltschko, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Panian and Wiltschko, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Bockmann et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Money and Finance
AbbreviationJ. Int. Money Finance
ISSN (print)0261-5606
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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