How to format your references using the Journal of International Money and Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Money and Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaiser, J., 2000. ECOLOGY: When Do Many Species Matter? Science 289, 1283.
A journal article with 2 authors
Visscher, M., Taylor, T., 2014. Pressure ulcers in the hospitalized neonate: rates and risk factors. Sci. Rep. 4, 7429.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pettinato, G., Wen, X., Zhang, N., 2014. Formation of well-defined embryoid bodies from dissociated human induced pluripotent stem cells using microfabricated cell-repellent microwell arrays. Sci. Rep. 4, 7402.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, L., Zhu, Y., Yang, D., Zou, R., Wu, J., Tian, H., 2014. Synthesis and antibacterial activities of antibacterial peptides with a spiropyran fluorescence probe. Sci. Rep. 4, 6860.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ledolter, J., 2013. Data Mining and Business Analytics with R. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Maier, R., 2005. Enterprise Knowledge Infrastructures. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Jaskuła, B., Szkoła, J., Pancerz, K., 2014. SOM Based Segmentation of Visual Stimuli in Diagnosis and Therapy of Neuropsychological Disorders, in: Gruca, D.A., Czachórski, T., Kozielski, S. (Eds.), Man-Machine Interactions 3, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 55–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Money and Finance.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Don’t Fall For The Deep-Sea Scaremongers – Wild Fishing Is Healthy And Sustainable [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. NASA Property: Improving Management of Government Equipment Provided to Contractors (No. NSIAD-93-191). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, F., 2009. A historical analysis of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide in the United States (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J.C., Jr., Mueller, B., Schweber, N., 2015. Second Chances Kept Coming for Suspect in Officer’s Death. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaiser, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kaiser, 2000; Visscher and Taylor, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Visscher and Taylor, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Money and Finance
AbbreviationJ. Int. Money Finance
ISSN (print)0261-5606
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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