How to format your references using the Progress in Surface Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Surface Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.W. Roberts, Molecular biology. Syntheses that stay together, Science. 328 (2010) 436–437.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Begbie, A. Graham, Integration between the epibranchial placodes and the hindbrain, Science. 294 (2001) 595–598.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Kobayashi, J. Yoshimura, E. Hasegawa, Coexistence of sexual individuals and genetically isolated asexual counterparts in a thrips, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3286.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Zhang, Y.-W. Tan, H.L. Stormer, P. Kim, Experimental observation of the quantum Hall effect and Berry’s phase in graphene, Nature. 438 (2005) 201–204.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Kindmann, U. Krüger, Stahlbau, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2013.
An edited book
A.A. Kokhanovsky, ed., Light Scattering Reviews 3: Light Scattering and Reflection, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Rahman, S. Barua, M.U. Ahmed, S. Begum, B. Hök, A Case-Based Classification for Drivers’ Alcohol Detection Using Physiological Signals, in: M.U. Ahmed, S. Begum, W. Raad (Eds.), Internet of Things Technologies for HealthCare: Third International Conference, HealthyIoT 2016, Västerås, Sweden, October 18-19, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 22–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Surface Science.

Blog post
J. Fang, How “SuperAger” Brains Are Different Than Everyone Else’s, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Guaranteed Student Loans: Comparisons of Single State and Multistate Guaranty Agencies, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.H. Brister, Attitudes of agriscience teachers, counselors, administrators, and students toward selected agriscience programs in Mississippi, Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Feeney, Cuban Comfort, New York Times. (2008) NJ14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Surface Science
AbbreviationProg. Surf. Sci.
ISSN (print)0079-6816
ScopeSurfaces, Coatings and Films
Condensed Matter Physics
Surfaces and Interfaces

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