How to format your references using the Progress in Surface Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Surface Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G.J. Nabel, Challenges and opportunities for development of an AIDS vaccine, Nature. 410 (2001) 1002–1007.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Calka, D. Wexler, Mechanical milling assisted by electrical discharge, Nature. 419 (2002) 147–151.
A journal article with 3 authors
E.J. Rulifson, S.K. Kim, R. Nusse, Ablation of insulin-producing neurons in flies: growth and diabetic phenotypes, Science. 296 (2002) 1118–1120.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Volpert, J.E. Mangum, D. Jamsai, R. D’Sylva, M.K. O’Bryan, P. McIntyre, Eukaryotic expression, purification and structure/function analysis of native, recombinant CRISP3 from human and mouse, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4217.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M.J. Zwecher, Retirement Portfolios, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
J. Klewes, R. Wreschniok, eds., Reputation Capital: Building and Maintaining Trust in the 21st Century, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
M.L. Ramírez, M.C. Farnochi, S.N. Chulze, Ecophysiology of Fusarium graminearum Main Pathogen Associated to Fusarium Head Blight in Latin America, in: T.M. Alconada Magliano, S.N. Chulze (Eds.), Fusarium Head Blight in Latin America, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2013: pp. 45–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Surface Science.

Blog post
T. Hale, Priceless Specimens Destroyed In A Fire At India’s Natural History Museum, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Need To Revise Office of Saline Water’s Restrictive Patent Policy, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L.C. Gomez-Zuebisch, A phenomenological exploration of the learning values derived from instructional short videos among adult learners, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Qiu, Phone Surveillance, Falsehoods and Anonymous Sources, New York Times. (2017) A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Surface Science
AbbreviationProg. Surf. Sci.
ISSN (print)0079-6816
ScopeSurfaces, Coatings and Films
Condensed Matter Physics
Surfaces and Interfaces

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