How to format your references using the Journal of International Humanitarian Action citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Humanitarian Action. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hochstrasser M (2002) Molecular biology. New proteases in a ubiquitin stew. Science 298:549–552
A journal article with 2 authors
Salter MG, Fern R (2005) NMDA receptors are expressed in developing oligodendrocyte processes and mediate injury. Nature 438:1167–1171
A journal article with 3 authors
Baer B, Armitage SAO, Boomsma JJ (2006) Sperm storage induces an immunity cost in ants. Nature 441:872–875
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wang Z, Wang D-Z, Hockemeyer D, et al (2004) Myocardin and ternary complex factors compete for SRF to control smooth muscle gene expression. Nature 428:185–189

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
King JA, Timacheff S (2008) Digital Photography for Dummies®. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Abawajy JH, Mukherjea S, Thampi SM, Ruiz-Martínez A (eds) (2015) Security in Computing and Communications: Third International Symposium, SSCC 2015, Kochi, India, August 10-13, 2015. Proceedings, 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Stanković S, Orović I, Sejdić E (2012) Digital Image. In: Orović I, Sejdić E (eds) Multimedia Signals and Systems. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 133–198

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Humanitarian Action.

Blog post
Hale T (2015) Dying Snake-Bitten Scientist Records His Last Day Of Life. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/dying-hours-snake-biten-scientist-recorded-diary/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Aviation Safety: Information on FAA’s Age 60 Rule for Pilots. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bradley KA (2014) A Tennessee Irish Picnic: Foodways and Complex Community Dynamics. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenberg E, Piccoli S (2017) Police Shoot an Armed Man Wearing a Ballistics Vest. New York Times A17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hochstrasser 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Hochstrasser 2002; Salter and Fern 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Salter and Fern 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Humanitarian Action
AbbreviationJ. Int. Humanit. Action
ISSN (print)2364-3412
ISSN (online)2364-3404
Scope

Other styles