How to format your references using the Forensic Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Forensic Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kaufman AJ (2005) Geology. The calibration of Ediacaran time. Science 308:59–60
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Mendelson TC, Shaw KL (2005) Sexual behaviour: rapid speciation in an arthropod. Nature 433:375–376
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wara MW, Ravelo AC, Delaney ML (2005) Permanent El Niño-like conditions during the Pliocene warm period. Science 309:758–761
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Schmidt S, Nielsen SF, Gundlach C, et al (2004) Watching the growth of bulk grains during recrystallization of deformed metals. Science 305:229–232

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Böhmer E (2015) Dentistry in Rabbits and Rodents. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Tuszynski JA (2006) The Emerging Physics of Consciousness. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Rehm G, Uszkoreit H (2012) Language Technology Support for English. In: Rehm G, Uszkoreit H (eds) The English Language in the Digital Age. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 15–32

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Forensic Toxicology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Cuba Becomes First Ever Country To Eliminate Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/cuba-has-eliminated-mother-child-transmission-hiv-and-syphilis/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2001) Business Systems Modernization: Results of Review of IRS’ March 2001 Expenditure Plan. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Zometa E (2017) Imaging Service Consultations: Imaging Express. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
McKINLEY JC Jr (2017) Charges In Threats To Lawyers Suing Fox. New York Times B2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleForensic Toxicology
AbbreviationForensic Toxicol.
ISSN (print)1860-8965
ISSN (online)1860-8973
ScopeBiochemistry, medical
Pathology and Forensic Medicine
Toxicology

Other styles