How to format your references using the Journal of International Economic Law citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Economic Law. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kidwell, Susan M, ‘Shell composition has no net impact on large-scale evolutionary patterns in mollusks’, 5711 Science 307 (2005), at 914.
A journal article with 2 authors
Allen, Myles R and Stainforth, David A, ‘Towards objective probabalistic climate forecasting’, 6903 Nature 419 (2002), at 228.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kumarevel, Thirumananseri, Mizuno, Hiroshi, and Kumar, Penmetcha K R, ‘Structural basis of HutP-mediated anti-termination and roles of the Mg2+ ion and L-histidine ligand’, 7030 Nature 434 (2005), at 183.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Partin, Judson W et al, ‘Millennial-scale trends in west Pacific warm pool hydrology since the Last Glacial Maximum’, 7161 Nature 449 (2007), at 452.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Böhmer, Estella, Dentistry in Rabbits and Rodents (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015).
An edited book
Fadare, Oluwole, Precancerous Lesions of the Gynecologic Tract: Diagnostic and Molecular Genetic Pathology, 1st ed. 2016 (Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016).
A chapter in an edited book
Moirta, Miyo Terao, Nakamura, Moritaka, and Tasaka, Masao, ‘Gravity Sensing, Interpretation, and Response’, in Günther Witzany and František Baluška (eds), Biocommunication of Plants (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012) 51–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Economic Law.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise, ‘Watch A Katana-Wielding Robot Battle A Human Samurai Sword Master’ (10 June 2015), IFLScience (visited 30 October 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, United States Merchant Marine Academy: Internal Control Weaknesses Resulted in Improper Sources and Uses of Funds; Some Corrective Actions Are Under Way, GAO-09-635 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2009).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lieberman, Viridiana, ‘One yard shy of empowerment: Cinematic portrayals of female athletes’ (Doctoral dissertation available at Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, 2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James, ‘Mets in the Tournament Get Acquainted With Their Family Roots’, New York Times, 13 March 2017, D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Susan M Kidwell, ‘Shell composition has no net impact on large-scale evolutionary patterns in mollusks’, 5711 Science 307 (2005), at 914 http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1106654..
This sentence cites two references Susan M Kidwell, ‘Shell composition has no net impact on large-scale evolutionary patterns in mollusks’, 5711 Science 307 (2005), at 914 http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1106654; Myles R Allen and David A Stainforth, ‘Towards objective probabalistic climate forecasting’, 6903 Nature 419 (2002), at 228..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • 4 or more authors: Judson W Partin et al, ‘Millennial-scale trends in west Pacific warm pool hydrology since the Last Glacial Maximum’, 7161 Nature 449 (2007), at 452 http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature06164.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Economic Law
AbbreviationJ. Int. Econ. Law
ISSN (print)1369-3034
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
Law

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