How to format your references using the Journal of International Economic Law citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Economic Law. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chaudhury, Abed, ‘Plant genetics: hothead healer and extragenomic information’, 7055 Nature 437 (2005), at E1; discussion E2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gann, Alexander and Witkowski, Jan, ‘The lost correspondence of Francis Crick’, 7315 Nature 467 (2010), at 519.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rohde, Douglas L T, Olson, Steve, and Chang, Joseph T, ‘Modelling the recent common ancestry of all living humans’, 7008 Nature 431 (2004), at 562.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, Cho-Yi et al, ‘Dissecting the human protein-protein interaction network via phylogenetic decomposition’, Sci Rep 4 (2014), at 7153.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Iosifescu, Marius, Limnios, Nikolaos, and Oprişan, Gheorghe, Introduction to Stochastic Models (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2010).
An edited book
Dietz, Hans Peter, Atlas of Pelvic Floor Ultrasound, Lennox P. J. Hoyte and Anneke B. Steensma (eds.) (London: Springer, 2008).
A chapter in an edited book
Vespucci, Maria Teresa et al, ‘Integration of Wind Power Production in a Conventional Power Production System: Stochastic Models and Performance Measures’, in Panos M Pardalos et al (eds), Handbook of Wind Power Systems (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013) 129–152.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Economic Law.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle, ‘Climate Change Is Happening In Your Garden: Here’s How To Spot It’ (2 October 2016), IFLScience https://www.iflscience.com/environment/climate-change-is-happening-in-your-garden-heres-how-to-spot-it/ (visited 30 October 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Airport Improvement Program: Analysis of Discretionary Spending for Fiscal Years 1996-98, RCED-99-160R (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1999).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prasad, Hari, ‘Removing a Thorn with a Thorn: Evaluating India’s Use of Militias in Counterinsurgency’ (Doctoral dissertation available at George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, John, ‘Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman’, New York Times, 7 July 2017, MM22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Abed Chaudhury, ‘Plant genetics: hothead healer and extragenomic information’, 7055 Nature 437 (2005), at E1; discussion E2 http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature04062..
This sentence cites two references Abed Chaudhury, ‘Plant genetics: hothead healer and extragenomic information’, 7055 Nature 437 (2005), at E1; discussion E2 http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature04062; Alexander Gann and Jan Witkowski, ‘The lost correspondence of Francis Crick’, 7315 Nature 467 (2010), at 519 http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/467519a..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • 4 or more authors: Cho-Yi Chen et al, ‘Dissecting the human protein-protein interaction network via phylogenetic decomposition’, Sci Rep 4 (2014), at 7153 http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep07153.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Economic Law
AbbreviationJ. Int. Econ. Law
ISSN (print)1369-3034
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
Law

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