How to format your references using the Journal of International Economic Law citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Economic Law. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hare, Todd, ‘Neuroscience. Exploiting and exploring the options’, 6191 Science 344 (2014), at 1446.
A journal article with 2 authors
Feau, Sonia and Schoenberger, Stephen P, ‘Immunology. Ex uno plura’, 5913 Science 323 (2009), at 466.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bakshy, Eytan, Messing, Solomon, and Adamic, Lada A, ‘Political science. Exposure to ideologically diverse news and opinion on Facebook’, 6239 Science 348 (2015), at 1130.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stinaff, E A et al, ‘Optical signatures of coupled quantum dots’, 5761 Science 311 (2006), at 636.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hagen, Jens, Chemiereaktoren (Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2017).
An edited book
Brooks, Anthony Lewis, Brahnam, Sheryl, and Jain, Lakhmi C, Technologies of Inclusive Well-Being: Serious Games, Alternative Realities, and Play Therapy (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014).
A chapter in an edited book
Feng, Zhiyong, Zhang, Qixun, and Zhang, Ping, ‘Cognitive Information Awareness and Delivery’, in Qixun Zhang and Ping Zhang (eds), Cognitive Wireless Networks (Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015) 47–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Economic Law.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen, ‘Thousands Mourn Death Of Wombat Who Lived For Cuddles’ (21 June 2016), IFLScience (visited 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Implementation of the Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982, 128369 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1985).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hong, Anh N, ‘A Diastereomeric Strategy in the Construction of Homochiral Metal-Organic Architectures’ (Doctoral dissertation available at California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Michael, ‘Little Rock Hopes Clinton Presidency Will Put Its Dogpatch Image to Rest’, New York Times, 27 November 1992, A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Economic Law
AbbreviationJ. Int. Econ. Law
ISSN (print)1369-3034
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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