How to format your references using the Journal of International Economic Law citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Economic Law. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Albarède, Francis, ‘Rogue mantle helium and neon’, 5865 Science 319 (2008), at 943.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trottier, Y and Mandel, J L, ‘Biomedicine. Huntingtin--profit and loss’, 5529 Science 293 (2001), at 445.
A journal article with 3 authors
Atran, Scott, Axelrod, Robert, and Davis, Richard, ‘Social science. Sacred barriers to conflict resolution’, 5841 Science 317 (2007), at 1039.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nesbitt, Sterling J et al, ‘A complete skeleton of a Late Triassic saurischian and the early evolution of dinosaurs’, 5959 Science 326 (2009), at 1530.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wexler, Steve, Shaffer, Jeffrey, and Cotgreave, Andy, The Big Book of Dashboards (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2017).
An edited book
Zazkis, Rina, Lesson Play in Mathematics Education: A Tool for Research and Professional Development, Nathalie Sinclair and Peter Liljedahl (eds.) (New York, NY: Springer, 2013).
A chapter in an edited book
Johansson, Tafsir and Donner, Patrick, ‘Emanation of Environmental Issues and Regional Responses’, in Patrick Donner (ed), The Shipping Industry, Ocean Governance and Environmental Law in the Paradigm Shift: In Search of a Pragmatic Balance for the Arctic (Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015) 61–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Economic Law.

Blog post
Taub, Ben, ‘How Long Do Illegal Drugs Stay In Your System?’ (7 July 2016), IFLScience (visited 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Highway Infrastructure: FHWA’s Model for Estimating Highway Needs Has Been Modified for State-Level Planning, GAO-01-299 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2001).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Biermann, Jeffery Lee, ‘The distribution of Callinectes sapidus megalopae at the mouths of Chesapeake and Delaware Bays: Implications for larval ingress’ (Doctoral dissertation available at University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2009).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
James, Scott, ‘Recalling the Plague Years’, New York Times, 13 March 2017, F28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Economic Law
AbbreviationJ. Int. Econ. Law
ISSN (print)1369-3034
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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