How to format your references using the Journal of International Economic Law citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Economic Law. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cheianov, Vadim V, ‘Physics. When infinity does not count’, 5911 Science 323 (2009), at 213.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fedo, Christopher M and Whitehouse, Martin J, ‘Metasomatic origin of quartz-pyroxene rock, Akilia, Greenland, and implications for Earth’s earliest life’, 5572 Science 296 (2002), at 1448.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chin, Gilbert, Marathe, Tara, and Roberts, Leslie, ‘Population. Doom or vroom? Introduction’, 6042 Science 333 (2011), at 538.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Barnett, Tim P et al, ‘Penetration of human-induced warming into the world’s oceans’, 5732 Science 309 (2005), at 284.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lev, Baruch and Gu, Feng, The End of Accounting and the Path Forward for Investors and Managers (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016).
An edited book
Jugdutt, Bodh I and Dhalla, Naranjan S, Cardiac Remodeling: Molecular Mechanisms (New York, NY: Springer, 2013).
A chapter in an edited book
Somssich, Réka, ‘Linguistic Equality and Language as a Legal Risk for Legislating in the European Union’, in Emilia Mišćenić and Aurélien Raccah (eds), Legal Risks in EU Law: Interdisciplinary Studies on Legal Risk Management and Better Regulation in Europe (Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016) 63–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Economic Law.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise, ‘Common Pesticide Damages Bee Brains And Affects Colony Performance’ (6 February 2015), IFLScience (visited 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Safety: Better Oversight Would Reduce the Risk of Air Taxi Accidents, T-RCED-92-27 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1992).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boyer, Treavor H, ‘Removal of natural organic matter by anion exchange: Multiscale experimentation and mathematical modeling’ (Doctoral dissertation available at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, 2008).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
LaFORGIA, Michael, ‘Delaying Repairs on Decrepit Tracks’, New York Times, 9 October 2017, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Economic Law
AbbreviationJ. Int. Econ. Law
ISSN (print)1369-3034
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

Other styles