How to format your references using the Advances in Space Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Space Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Allen, K.A., 2015. Geochemistry: When carbon escaped from the sea. Nature 518, 176–177.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhu, Z., Hoffman, J.E., 2014. Condensed-matter physics: Catching relativistic electrons. Nature 513, 319–320.
A journal article with 3 authors
Froemke, R.C., Merzenich, M.M., Schreiner, C.E., 2007. A synaptic memory trace for cortical receptive field plasticity. Nature 450, 425–429.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nakamura, S., Itabashi, T., Ogawa, D., Okada, T., 2013. Common and distinct mechanisms of activation of rhodopsin and other G protein-coupled receptors. Sci. Rep. 3, 1844.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tran, J., 2010. The Vietnam War and Theologies of Memory. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Geertman, S., Ferreira, J., Jr., Goodspeed, R., Stillwell, J. (Eds.), 2015. Planning Support Systems and Smart Cities, Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Choi, J.-W., Godwin, A., Balan, S., Bryant, P., Cong, Y., Pawlisz, E., Porssa, M., Rumpf, N., Singh, R., Powell, K., Brocchini, S., 2009. Rebridging disulphides: site-specific PEGylation by sequential bis-alkylation, in: Veronese, F.M. (Ed.), PEGylated Protein Drugs: Basic Science and Clinical Applications. Birkhäuser, Basel, pp. 47–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Space Research.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Nanotechnology Could Make Our Food Tastier And Healthier – But Can We Stomach It? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. FAA Encountering Problems in Acquiring Major Automated Systems (No. T-IMTEC-90-6). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, D., 2017. Numerical Simulation of a Flowfield Around a Hypersonic Missile with Lateral Jets (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2002. Street-Cleaning Rules Are Whisked Away, And Drivers Get a Little Patch of Heaven. New York Times 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Allen, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Allen, 2015; Zhu and Hoffman, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhu and Hoffman, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Nakamura et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Space Research
AbbreviationAdv. Space Res.
ISSN (print)0273-1177
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Aerospace Engineering

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