How to format your references using the Advances in Space Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Space Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roch, S., 2010. Toward extracting all phylogenetic information from matrices of evolutionary distances. Science 327, 1376–1379.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liao, L., Cao, Z., 2014. Directional scaling symmetry of high-symmetry two-dimensional lattices. Sci. Rep. 4, 6193.
A journal article with 3 authors
Artyukhin, A.B., Schroeder, F.C., Avery, L., 2013. Density dependence in Caenorhabditis larval starvation. Sci. Rep. 3, 2777.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, S., Tu, J., Jia, Z., Lu, Z., 2014. High order intra-strand partial symmetry increases with organismal complexity in animal evolution. Sci. Rep. 4, 6400.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grant, G., 2012. Ecosystem Services Come to Town. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Johnson, D.E. (Ed.), 2013. Cell Death Signaling in Cancer Biology and Treatment, Cell Death in Biology and Diseases. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Al-Shaer, E., Rahman, M.A., 2016. Security Analytics for EMS Modules, in: Rahman, M.A. (Ed.), Security and Resiliency Analytics for Smart Grids: Static and Dynamic Approaches, Advances in Information Security. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 61–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Space Research.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Why Scientists’ Failure To Understand GM Opposition Is Stifling Debate And Halting Progress [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Managed Care: State Approaches on Selected Patient Protections (No. T-HEHS-99-85). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weitkunat, S., 2015. Facies and Log Analysis of the Tuscaloosa Marine Shale (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 1999. The Sailors Of Winter: In the Cold, Cold Sea. New York Times 812.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Roch, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Liao and Cao, 2014; Roch, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liao and Cao, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Space Research
AbbreviationAdv. Space Res.
ISSN (print)0273-1177
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Aerospace Engineering

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