How to format your references using the Advances in Space Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Space Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Turchin, P., 2008. Arise “cliodynamics.” Nature 454, 34–35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Baron, C.L., Malhotra, V., 2002. Role of diacylglycerol in PKD recruitment to the TGN and protein transport to the plasma membrane. Science 295, 325–328.
A journal article with 3 authors
Matzke, M., Matzke, A.J., Kooter, J.M., 2001. RNA: guiding gene silencing. Science 293, 1080–1083.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Potok, R.M., Rau, I.G., Shtrikman, H., Oreg, Y., Goldhaber-Gordon, D., 2007. Observation of the two-channel Kondo effect. Nature 446, 167–171.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bradley, R.L., Jr., 2011. Edison to Enron. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kennelly, S.J. (Ed.), 2007. By-catch Reduction in the World’s Fisheries, Reviews: Methods and Technologies in Fish Biology and Fisheries. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Ghosh, S., Elenius, D., Li, W., Lincoln, P., Shankar, N., Steiner, W., 2016. ARSENAL: Automatic Requirements Specification Extraction from Natural Language, in: Rayadurgam, S., Tkachuk, O. (Eds.), NASA Formal Methods: 8th International Symposium, NFM 2016, Minneapolis, MN, USA, June 7-9, 2016, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 41–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Space Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. Huge New Study Reveals The Impact Of Spanking On Children [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Aviation Safety: FAA Has Begun Efforts to Make Data More Publicly Available (No. RCED-97-137). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tickner, A., 2009. Production and consumption at the hillfort site of Mont Dardon, France: An archeobotanical analysis (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tabarrok, A., Rajagopalan, S., 2015. Private Cities, Open to All. New York Times A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Turchin, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Baron and Malhotra, 2002; Turchin, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Baron and Malhotra, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Potok et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Space Research
AbbreviationAdv. Space Res.
ISSN (print)0273-1177
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Aerospace Engineering

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