How to format your references using the Advances in Space Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Space Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schleich, W.P., 2000. Engineering decoherence. Nature 403, 256–257.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, Z., Becker, H., 2013. Ratios of S, Se and Te in the silicate Earth require a volatile-rich late veneer. Nature 499, 328–331.
A journal article with 3 authors
Balser, D.S., Rood, R.T., Bania, T.M., 2007. Comment on “Deep mixing of 3He: reconciling Big Bang and stellar nucleosynthesis.” Science 317, 1170.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
de Jonge, N., Lamy, Y., Schoots, K., Oosterkamp, T.H., 2002. High brightness electron beam from a multi-walled carbon nanotube. Nature 420, 393–395.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bain, B.J., Wild, B.J., Stephens, A.D., Phelan, L.A., 2010. Variant Haemoglobins. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Sackmann, R., 2015. Coping with Demographic Change: A Comparative View on Education and Local Government in Germany and Poland, European Studies of Population. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Mohanraj, V., Vaidehi, V., Kumar, R., Nakkeeran, R., 2016. Face Recognition in Video Using Deformable Parts Model with Scale Invariant Feature Transform (DPSIFT), in: Chaki, R., Cortesi, A., Saeed, K., Chaki, N. (Eds.), Advanced Computing and Systems for Security: Volume 2, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer India, New Delhi, pp. 69–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Space Research.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2017. Why UPS Drivers Don’t Turn Left And You Probably Shouldn’t Either [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Status Information: FAA’s Year 2000 Business Continuity and Contingency Planning Efforts Are Ongoing (No. AIMD-99-40R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Green, S.W., 2015. The influence of satisfaction among African American males on community college choices (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2008. A Builder of Broadway’s World, From ‘Chicago’ to ‘Spamalot.’ New York Times WE6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schleich, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Schleich, 2000; Wang and Becker, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Becker, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (de Jonge et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Space Research
AbbreviationAdv. Space Res.
ISSN (print)0273-1177
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Aerospace Engineering

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