How to format your references using the The Accounting Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Accounting Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butterworth, A. 2014. The moral problem with commercial seal hunting. Nature 509 (7498): 9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sussman, M. R., and G. N. Phillips Jr. 2009. Plant science. How plant cells go to sleep for a long, long time. Science (New York, N.Y.) 326 (5958): 1356–1357.
A journal article with 3 authors
Giulini, A., J. Wang, and D. Jackson. 2004. Control of phyllotaxy by the cytokinin-inducible response regulator homologue ABPHYL1. Nature 430 (7003): 1031–1034.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Slon, V., F. Mafessoni, B. Vernot, C. de Filippo, S. Grote, B. Viola, M. Hajdinjak, et al. 2018. The genome of the offspring of a Neanderthal mother and a Denisovan father. Nature 561 (7721): 113–116.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hezaveh, A. 2007. SAS® 9 Study Guide. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Brown, J. Martin, Minesh P. Mehta, and Carsten Nieder, eds. 2006. Multimodal Concepts for Integration of Cytotoxic Drugs. Medical Radiology, Radiation Oncology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chu, G., and P. J. Stuckey. 2012. A Generic Method for Identifying and Exploiting Dominance Relations. In Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming: 18th International Conference, CP 2012, Québec City, QC, Canada, October 8-12, 2012. Proceedings, edited by M. Milano, 6–22. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Accounting Review.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2016. Giant Slugs Are Breaking Into Bird Nests And Eating The Chicks. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1985. Pell Grant Validation Imposes Some Costs and Does Not Greatly Reduce Award Errors: New Strategies Are Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zakharov, D. 2010. The discrete Dirac operator and the discrete generalized Weierstrass representation in pseudo-Euclidean spaces. Doctoral dissertation, New York, NY: Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J. B. 2017. The Return of Goldman Sachs. New York Times, January 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butterworth 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Butterworth 2014; Sussman and Phillips 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sussman and Phillips 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Slon et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Accounting Review
ISSN (print)0001-4826
ISSN (online)1558-7967
Economics and Econometrics

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