How to format your references using the Journal of International Business Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Business Studies (JIBS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hapgood, M. 2012. Astrophysics: Prepare for the coming space weather storm. Nature, 484(7394): 311–313.
A journal article with 2 authors
Helin, K., & Dhanak, D. 2013. Chromatin proteins and modifications as drug targets. Nature, 502(7472): 480–488.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mumby, P. J., Hastings, A., & Edwards, H. J. 2007. Thresholds and the resilience of Caribbean coral reefs. Nature, 450(7166): 98–101.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ricci, A., Poccia, N., Campi, G., Coneri, F., Caporale, A. S., Innocenti, D., et al. 2013. Multiscale distribution of oxygen puddles in 1/8 doped YBa2Cu3O6.67. Scientific reports, 3: 2383.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Banks, D. 2012. An Introduction to Thermogeology: Ground Source Heating and Cooling. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Redmond, J., Pombo Martins, O., & Nepomuceno Fernández, Á. (Eds.). 2016. Epistemology, Knowledge and the Impact of Interaction. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Pickering, R., & Eason, K. 2016. Imperative Programming. In K. Eason (Ed.), Beginning F# 4.0: 65–91. Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Business Studies.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. 2016. The Soldiers Who Died Of Homesickness. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018, . IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1972. Need for Improved Coordination of Federally Assisted Student Aid Programs in Institutions of Higher Education. No. B-16403(1). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gimbel, S. I. 2010. Imaging frontal and medial temporal lobe interaction during memory retrieval and disentangling the effects of the default network. Doctoral dissertation. La Jolla, CA: University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Krieger, S. 2016. Thumbing, Old and New. New York Times, February 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hapgood, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Hapgood, 2012; Helin & Dhanak, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Helin & Dhanak, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Mumby, Hastings, & Edwards, 2007)
  • 7 or more authors: (Ricci et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Business Studies
AbbreviationJ. Int. Bus. Stud.
ISSN (print)0047-2506
ISSN (online)1478-6990
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Business and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management
Economics and Econometrics

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