How to format your references using the Journal of International Business Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Business Studies (JIBS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thomas, D. J. 2004. Evidence for deep-water production in the North Pacific Ocean during the early Cenozoic warm interval. Nature, 430(6995): 65–68.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richter, J. D., & Sonenberg, N. 2005. Regulation of cap-dependent translation by eIF4E inhibitory proteins. Nature, 433(7025): 477–480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rajan, R., Clement, J. P., & Bhalla, U. S. 2006. Rats smell in stereo. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5761): 666–670.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
High, A. A., Novitskaya, E. E., Butov, L. V., Hanson, M., & Gossard, A. C. 2008. Control of exciton fluxes in an excitonic integrated circuit. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5886): 229–231.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khan, M. M., & Islam, M. R. 2016. Zero Waste Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gerber, J. 2014. Leveraging Flexibility: Win the Race with Dynamic Decision Management. (H. Arms, M. Wiecher, & C. Danner, Eds.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
He, C., Lewis, A., & Jo, J. 2007. A Novel Human Computer Interaction Paradigm for Volume Visualization in Projection-Based Virtual Environments. In A. Butz, B. Fisher, A. Krüger, P. Olivier, & S. Owada (Eds.), Smart Graphics: 8th International Symposium, SG 2007, Kyoto, Japan, June 25-27, 2007. Proceedings: 49–60. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Business Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015, February 6. Type 1 Diabetes Linked To Decreased Diversity In Microbiome. IFLScience., October 30, 2018, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Proactive Management of FAA’s Security Program Needed. No. T-RCED-90-20. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oates, P. E. 2009. Leadership transactions impacting transformation. Doctoral dissertation. Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch, J. 2016, August 7. He Accosted a Runner. Now He’s Angry. New York Times, SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thomas, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Richter & Sonenberg, 2005; Thomas, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richter & Sonenberg, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Rajan, Clement, & Bhalla, 2006)
  • 7 or more authors: (High, Novitskaya, Butov, Hanson, & Gossard, 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Business Studies
AbbreviationJ. Int. Bus. Stud.
ISSN (print)0047-2506
ISSN (online)1478-6990
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Business and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management
Economics and Econometrics

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