How to format your references using the Journal of International Business Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Business Studies (JIBS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schnitzer, M. J. 2002. Biological computation: amazing algorithms. Nature, 416(6882): 683.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reinhard, C. T., & Planavsky, N. J. 2011. Mineralogical constraints on Precambrian pCO2. Nature, 474(7349): E1-2; discussion E4-5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Y. A., Feng, A.-C., & Ganz, P. A. 2014. Health services utilisation in breast cancer survivors in Taiwan. Scientific reports, 4: 7466.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Eggan, K., Baldwin, K., Tackett, M., Osborne, J., Gogos, J., Chess, A., et al. 2004. Mice cloned from olfactory sensory neurons. Nature, 428(6978): 44–49.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ghiani, G., Laporte, G., & Musmanno, R. 2013. Introduction to Logistics Systems Management. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Rodgers, M., & Sweeney, S. E. (Eds.). 2016. Nabokov and the Question of Morality: Aesthetics, Metaphysics, and the Ethics of Fiction. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.
A chapter in an edited book
Radüntz, T. 2016. A New Method for Mental Workload Registration. In D. Harris (Ed.), Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics: 13th International Conference, EPCE 2016, Held as Part of HCI International 2016, Toronto, ON, Canada, July 17-22, 2016, Proceedings: 29–37. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Business Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Imposter Nanosponges Fight Antibiotic-Resistant Infection. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018, . IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1974. Problems of the Upward Bound Program in Preparing Disadvantaged Students for a Postsecondary Education. No. B-164031(1). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rhoads, E. P. 2006. Knowledge management practices in U.S. federal agencies: The catalyst for E-Government transformation. Doctoral dissertation. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K. 2017. Another Goldman Executive Joins Administration. New York Times, March 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schnitzer, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Reinhard & Planavsky, 2011; Schnitzer, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reinhard & Planavsky, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Wang, Feng, & Ganz, 2014)
  • 7 or more authors: (Eggan et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Business Studies
AbbreviationJ. Int. Bus. Stud.
ISSN (print)0047-2506
ISSN (online)1478-6990
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Business and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management
Economics and Econometrics

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