How to format your references using the Journal of International Business Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Business Studies (JIBS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lipton, P.2005 Testing hypotheses: prediction and prejudice. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5707): 219–221.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, M., & Yan, X.2005 Comment on “Grain boundary-mediated plasticity in nanocrystalline nickel.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5720): 356; author reply 356.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schoener, T. W., Spiller, D. A., & Losos, J. B.2001 Natural restoration of the species-area relation for a lizard after a hurricane. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5546): 1525–1528.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang, L., Xing, X., Zheng, L., Chen, Z., Xiao, L., Qu, B., et al.2014 Vertical phase separation in bulk heterojunction solar cells formed by in situ polymerization of fulleride. Scientific reports, 4: 5071.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baldwin, P.2010 OSx86. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Wu, Z.2014 Earthquake Phenomenology from the Field: The April 20, 2013, Lushan Earthquake. (C. Jiang, X. Li, G. Li, & Z. Ding, Eds.). Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, Y.-T., Liu, J.-J., & Wang, Y.-L.2013 On Total Covers of Block-Cactus Graphs. In R.-S. Chang, L. C. Jain, & S.-L. Peng (Eds.), Advances in Intelligent Systems and Applications - Volume 1: Proceedings of the International Computer Symposium ICS 2012 Held at Hualien, Taiwan, December 12–14, 2012: 33–39. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Business Studies.

Blog post
Carpineti, A.2016 What’s The Chance Of Life On Pluto? IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018, . IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office.2012 Review of FAA’s Collegiate Training Initiative as Mandated in the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012. No. GAO-12-996R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Perez, V.2010 Overrepresentation of American Indian youth in foster care: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt, M. S.2017 Trump Appears Unlikely to Hinder Comey’s Testimony About Russia Investigation. New York Times, June 3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lipton, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Chen & Yan, 2005; Lipton, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen & Yan, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Schoener, Spiller, & Losos, 2001)
  • 7 or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Business Studies
AbbreviationJ. Int. Bus. Stud.
ISSN (print)0047-2506
ISSN (online)1478-6990
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Business and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles