How to format your references using the Journal of International Business Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Business Studies (JIBS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Poon, W. 2004. Physics. Colloids as big atoms. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5672): 830–831.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kalnay, E., & Cai, M. 2003. Impact of urbanization and land-use change on climate. Nature, 423(6939): 528–531.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rohani, P., Zhong, X., & King, A. A. 2010. Contact network structure explains the changing epidemiology of pertussis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6006): 982–985.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang, X.-J., Li, P.-Z., Chen, Y., Zhang, Q., Zhang, H., Chan, X. X., et al. 2013. A rationally designed nitrogen-rich metal-organic framework and its exceptionally high CO(2) and H(2) uptake capability. Scientific reports, 3: 1149.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ford, I. 2013. Statistical Physics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ho, W. 2007. Optimal Production Planning for PCB Assembly. (P. Ji, Ed.). London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Andreescu, T., & Andrica, D. 2014. More on Complex Numbers and Geometry. In D. Andrica (Ed.), Complex Numbers from A to ... Z: 97–174. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Business Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. Trench deeper than the Grand Canyon discovered under Antarctic ice. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018, . IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Aviation Security: TSA’s Staffing Allocation Model Is Useful for Allocating Staff among Airports, but Its Assumptions Should Be Systematically Reassessed. No. GAO-07-299. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crivello, A. 2009. DNA methylation of the interferon-gamma promoter in association with overexpression of the interferon-gamma gene in periodontal disease. Doctoral dissertation. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tierney, J. 2017. Easy Ways to Mend Your Marriage. New York Times, September 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Poon, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Kalnay & Cai, 2003; Poon, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kalnay & Cai, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Rohani, Zhong, & King, 2010)
  • 7 or more authors: (Wang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Business Studies
AbbreviationJ. Int. Bus. Stud.
ISSN (print)0047-2506
ISSN (online)1478-6990
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Business and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management
Economics and Econometrics

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