How to format your references using the Journal of International Business Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Business Studies (JIBS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cerf, V. G. 2009. The day the Internet age began. Nature, 461(7268): 1202–1203.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ghosh, A., & Holt, W. E. 2012. Plate motions and stresses from global dynamic models. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6070): 838–843.
A journal article with 3 authors
Eggenschwiler, J. T., Espinoza, E., & Anderson, K. V. 2001. Rab23 is an essential negative regulator of the mouse Sonic hedgehog signalling pathway. Nature, 412(6843): 194–198.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Karamichos, D., Hutcheon, A. E. K., Rich, C. B., Trinkaus-Randall, V., Asara, J. M., & Zieske, J. D. 2014. In vitro model suggests oxidative stress involved in keratoconus disease. Scientific reports, 4: 4608.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McCurley, L. 2016. Professional Rope Access. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Aguayo-Torres, M. C., Gómez, G., & Poncela, J. (Eds.). 2015. Wired/Wireless Internet Communications: 13th International Conference, WWIC 2015, Malaga, Spain, May 25-27, 2015, Revised Selected Papers (1st ed. 2015.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Krasauskas, R., & Zube, S. 2008. Canal Surfaces Defined by Quadratic Families of Spheres. In B. Jüttler & R. Piene (Eds.), Geometric Modeling and Algebraic Geometry: 79–92. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Business Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. Astronomers Observe Star Dust Formation in Real Time. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018, . IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1983. The President’s Second Special Message for FY 1983. No. OGC-83-3. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yang, S. J. 2014. Adapting Korean Cinderella Folklore as Fairy Tales for Children. Doctoral dissertation. Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K., & Stevenson, A. 2017. Doubt After Health Care Defeat Briefly Sends Stocks Tumbling. New York Times, March 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cerf, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Cerf, 2009; Ghosh & Holt, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ghosh & Holt, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Eggenschwiler, Espinoza, & Anderson, 2001)
  • 7 or more authors: (Karamichos, Hutcheon, Rich, Trinkaus-Randall, Asara, & Zieske, 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Business Studies
AbbreviationJ. Int. Bus. Stud.
ISSN (print)0047-2506
ISSN (online)1478-6990
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Business and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management
Economics and Econometrics

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