How to format your references using the Endeavour citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Endeavour. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain C. Troubled US fusion project receives cash injection. Nature. 2000;405(6783):110.
A journal article with 2 authors
Catlos EJ, Sorensen SS. Phengite-based chronology of K- and Ba-rich fluid flow in two paleosubduction zones. Science. 2003;299(5603):92-95.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jones MH, Bewsher D, Brown DS. Imaging of a circumsolar dust ring near the orbit of Venus. Science. 2013;342(6161):960-963.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mishima M, Pavicic V, Grüneberg U, Nigg EA, Glotzer M. Cell cycle regulation of central spindle assembly. Nature. 2004;430(7002):908-913.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Michaelian KH. Photoacoustic Infrared Spectroscopy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Augusto JC, Corchado JM, Novais P, Analide C, eds. Ambient Intelligence and Future Trends-International Symposium on Ambient Intelligence (ISAmI 2010). Vol 72. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Basso D, Pesarin F, Salmaso L, Solari A. Multivariate Continuous Data. In: Salmaso L, Pesarin F, Basso D, eds. Permutation Tests for Stochastic Ordering and ANOVA: Theory and Applications with R. Lecture Notes in Statistics. New York, NY: Springer; 2009:85-101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Endeavour.

Blog post
Andrew E. Why You Should Always Shake Hands With A Robot. IFLScience. Published May 17, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Automated Patent System: Information on PTO’s Program to Automate Patent Information and Processes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nersisyan HA. Armenian American Student Perceptions of Campus Climate: Examining the Conditions That Support or Inhibit Their College Experience. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly DA. Calling From Abroad at Reasonable Rates. New York Times. January 1, 2006:56.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEndeavour
ISSN (print)0160-9327
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science

Other styles