How to format your references using the Endeavour citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Endeavour. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buchanan M. The best is yet to come. Nature. 2007;447(7140):39.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bartek J, Hodny Z. Ageing: Old blood stem cells feel the stress. Nature. 2014;512(7513):140-141.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pereira HM, Borda-de-Água L, Martins IS. Geometry and scale in species-area relationships. Nature. 2012;482(7386):E3-4; author reply E5-6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Meyerson JR, Rao P, Kumar J, et al. Self-assembled monolayers improve protein distribution on holey carbon cryo-EM supports. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7084.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quinlan J, VanderBrug J. Gender Lens Investing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Marsden JE. Hamiltonian Reduction by Stages. Vol 1913. (Misiolek G, Ortega JP, Perlmutter M, Ratiu TS, eds.). Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Balzer K, Bonitz M. Lattice Systems. In: Bonitz M, ed. Nonequilibrium Green’s Functions Approach to Inhomogeneous Systems. Lecture Notes in Physics. Springer; 2013:75-82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Endeavour.

Blog post
Andrew E. Optical Tweezers: Splitting and Colliding Ultracold Atom Clouds. IFLScience. Published April 1, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. U.S. Science and Engineering Base: A Synthesis of Concerns About Budget and Policy Development. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lincoln JJ. Creating a Lesson That Addresses Gender Differences in Physics Testing a Specific Instructional Technique in College Level Physics Education. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick SM. North Fork Grows Meat to Go With the Potatoes. New York Times. May 3, 2015:LI9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEndeavour
ISSN (print)0160-9327
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science

Other styles