How to format your references using the Endeavour citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Endeavour. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Jenkins A. Graduate journal: one of those days. Nature. 2004;427(6977):870.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Moiseff A, Copeland J. Firefly synchrony: a behavioral strategy to minimize visual clutter. Science. 2010;329(5988):181.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Pavlov P, Svendsen JI, Indrelid S. Human presence in the European Arctic nearly 40,000 years ago. Nature. 2001;413(6851):64-67.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Gao Y, Trivedi S, Ferris RL, Koide K. Regulation of HPV16 E6 and MCL1 by SF3B1 inhibitor in head and neck cancer cells. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6098.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Kroupa VF. Phase Lock Loops and Frequency Synthesis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Muhlbauer V, Chrisler JC, Denmark FL, eds. Women and Aging: An International, Intersectional Power Perspective. Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Monnier P. Endoscopic Assessment of the Compromised Paediatric Airway. In: Monnier P, ed. Pediatric Airway Surgery: Management of Laryngotracheal Stenosis in Infants and Children. Springer; 2011:77-95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Endeavour.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. Why Are Vaccination Rates In England Falling? IFLScience. Published September 13, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/why-are-vaccination-rates-in-england-falling/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Data Security Software. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Spralja KP. The intersections of culture and business: An ethnographic study of multicultural second generation young entrepreneurs. Published online 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Powell M. Two Teams Diverge on a Common Path. New York Times. August 16, 2017:B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEndeavour
AbbreviationEndeavour
ISSN (print)0160-9327
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science

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