How to format your references using the Journal of Interaction Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Interaction Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sapolsky, R. M. (2011). Behavior. Sympathy for the CEO. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6040), 293–294.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim, B. H., & Kwon, J. W. (2014). Plasmon-assisted radiolytic energy conversion in aqueous solutions. Scientific reports, 4, 5249.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bick, A. G., Calvo, S. E., & Mootha, V. K. (2012). Evolutionary diversity of the mitochondrial calcium uniporter. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6083), 886.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ye, M., Sanchez, H. M., Hultz, M., Yang, Z., Bogorad, M., Wong, A. D., & Searson, P. C. (2014). Brain microvascular endothelial cells resist elongation due to curvature and shear stress. Scientific reports, 4, 4681.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Twomey, B. (2011). Inside the Currency Market. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Seckbach, J. (Ed.). (2005). Origins: Genesis, Evolution and Diversity of Life (Vol. 6). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
van Breda, W., Pastor, J., Hoogendoorn, M., Ruwaard, J., Asselbergs, J., & Riper, H. (2016). Exploring and Comparing Machine Learning Approaches for Predicting Mood Over Time. In Y.-W. Chen, S. Tanaka, R. J. Howlett, & L. C. Jain (Eds.), Innovation in Medicine and Healthcare 2016 (pp. 37–47). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Interaction Science.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, August 3). There’s Very Little Evidence That Flossing Actually Works. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). America COMPETES Acts: Overall Appropriations Have Increased and Have Mainly Funded Existing Federal Research Entities (No. GAO-13-612). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Manzanares, M. E. (2012). Effect of a preoperative multidisciplinary education program on weight management after bariatric surgery (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2013, October 6). One Talk Show That Will Never Book a Kardashian. New York Times, p. A25B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Interaction Science
AbbreviationJ. Interact. Sci.
ISSN (online)2194-0827

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