How to format your references using the Journal of Interaction Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Interaction Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hedrick, P. W. (2004). Comment on “Parasite selection for immunogenetic optimality.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5660), 957; author reply 957.
A journal article with 2 authors
Faccenna, C., & Becker, T. W. (2010). Shaping mobile belts by small-scale convection. Nature, 465(7298), 602–605.
A journal article with 3 authors
Elbelrhiti, H., Claudin, P., & Andreotti, B. (2005). Field evidence for surface-wave-induced instability of sand dunes. Nature, 437(7059), 720–723.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Clantin, B., Delattre, A.-S., Rucktooa, P., Saint, N., Méli, A. C., Locht, C., … Villeret, V. (2007). Structure of the membrane protein FhaC: a member of the Omp85-TpsB transporter superfamily. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5840), 957–961.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Phelan, J. (2013). Reading the American Novel 1920-2010. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Blazy, S., & Chechik, M. (Eds.). (2016). Verified Software. Theories, Tools, and Experiments: 8th International Conference, VSTTE 2016, Toronto, ON, Canada, July 17–18, 2016, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 9971). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Lewandowska, M. S. (2016). Policies to Promote Eco-innovation: Results for Selected CEE Countries and Germany. In P. Trąpczyński, Ł. Puślecki, & M. Jarosiński (Eds.), Competitiveness of CEE Economies and Businesses: Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Challenges and Opportunities (pp. 89–114). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Interaction Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, November 9). How Many Locusts Does It Take To Start A Biblical Plague? Just Three. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). Organizing the Federal Communications Commission for Greater Management and Regulatory Effectiveness (No. CED-79-107). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hogue, M. L. (2012). A Case Study of Perspectives on Building School and Community Partnerships (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, September 28). Yankees and Red Sox Make September Meaningful. New York Times, p. B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Interaction Science
AbbreviationJ. Interact. Sci.
ISSN (online)2194-0827

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