How to format your references using the Journal of Interaction Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Interaction Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, M. (2010). Structural biology: Crystal-clear images. Nature, 465(7299), 824–825.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ibata, R. A., & Lewis, G. F. (2008). The cosmic web in our own backyard. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5859), 50–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harding, E. J., Paul, E. S., & Mendl, M. (2004). Animal behaviour: cognitive bias and affective state. Nature, 427(6972), 312.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Roy, K., Hilliard, G. M., Hamilton, D. J., Luo, J., Ostmann, M. M., & Fleckenstein, J. M. (2009). Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli EtpA mediates adhesion between flagella and host cells. Nature, 457(7229), 594–598.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hannon, L., & Clift, J. (2010). General Hospital Care for People with Learning Disabilities. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gould, I. M., & Meer, J. W. M. van der (Eds.). (2008). Antibiotic Policies: Fighting Resistance. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Munn, L. L., Kunert, C., & Tyrrell, J. A. (2013). Modeling Tumor Blood Vessel Dynamics. In U. Ledzewicz, H. Schättler, A. Friedman, & E. Kashdan (Eds.), Mathematical Methods and Models in Biomedicine (pp. 117–147). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Interaction Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 2). Three-Person IVF: Science Shows Ethical Questions Remain Unanswered. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). FCC: Installment Payment Financing for Personal Communications Services Licensees (No. OGC-99-3). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Song, H.-J. (2014). Strategic Constraints of Economic Interdependence: South Korea’s Changing Strategy in the Face of a Rising China (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cunningham, J. (2017, June 8). Spotting Celebrities on His Lunch Break. New York Times, p. A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Interaction Science
AbbreviationJ. Interact. Sci.
ISSN (online)2194-0827

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