How to format your references using the Journal of Interaction Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Interaction Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2005). A global view. Nature, 435(7044), 997.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pruszynski, J. A., & Diedrichsen, J. (2015). Neuroscience. Reading the mind to move the body. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6237), 860–861.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meindl, J. D., Chen, Q., & Davis, J. A. (2001). Limits on silicon nanoelectronics for terascale integration. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5537), 2044–2049.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gupta, S., Hadzibabic, Z., Zwierlein, M. W., Stan, C. A., Dieckmann, K., Schunck, C. H., … Ketterle, W. (2003). Radio-frequency spectroscopy of ultracold fermions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5626), 1723–1726.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ryan, T. P. (2011). Statistical Methods for Quality Improvement: Ryan/Quality Improvement 3E. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Powell, S., & Shim, J. P. (Eds.). (2009). Wireless Technology: Applications, Management, and Security (Vol. 44). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Bhaduri, P. P., Hegde, P., Satz, H., & Tribedy, P. (2010). An Introduction to the Spectral Analysis of the QGP. In S. Sarkar, H. Satz, & B. Sinha (Eds.), The Physics of the Quark-Gluon Plasma: Introductory Lectures (pp. 179–197). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Interaction Science.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, March 30). NASA Wants To Build A Mini Space Station Near The Moon. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Department of Labor: Further Management Improvements Needed to Address Information Technology and Financial Controls (No. GAO-11-157). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dale, B. (2012). Changing how we change: A case study of Escondido Union School District (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Smith, R., & Chan, S. (2017, May 22). Fatal Concert Blast Is Called Terror. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Interaction Science
AbbreviationJ. Interact. Sci.
ISSN (online)2194-0827

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