How to format your references using the Dynamic Games and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dynamic Games and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reed JC (2011) Cancer. Priming cancer cells for death. Science 334:1075–1076
A journal article with 2 authors
Medina-Elizalde M, Lea DW (2005) The mid-Pleistocene transition in the tropical Pacific. Science 310:1009–1012
A journal article with 3 authors
Voog J, D’Alterio C, Jones DL (2008) Multipotent somatic stem cells contribute to the stem cell niche in the Drosophila testis. Nature 454:1132–1136
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ideker T, Thorsson V, Ranish JA, et al (2001) Integrated genomic and proteomic analyses of a systematically perturbed metabolic network. Science 292:929–934

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matloff R, Chaillou JH (2013) Nonprofit Investment and Development Solutions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Gavrilova ML, Tan CJK, Kuijper A (2013) Transactions on Computational Science XVIII: Special Issue on Cyberworlds. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Rizza G, Ridgway MC (2016) Synthesis of Nanostructures Using Ion-Beams: An Overview. In: Wesch W, Wendler E (eds) Ion Beam Modification of Solids: Ion-Solid Interaction and Radiation Damage. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 137–185

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dynamic Games and Applications.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Age Of Jawbones Mean The Origins Of Humans Just Got Older. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Pipeline Safety: Better Data and Guidance Needed to Improve Pipeline Operator Incident Response. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rholdon CM (2012) Analyzing Leadership Practices of Enrollment Management at Fletcher Technical Community College. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nagourney A, Berger J (2010) Horror at Desert Ritual as Racer Flips Into Crowd. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDynamic Games and Applications
AbbreviationDyn. Games Appl.
ISSN (print)2153-0785
ISSN (online)2153-0793
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Computer Science Applications
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics
Statistics and Probability

Other styles