How to format your references using the Annual Review of Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Steeg PS. 2012. Perspective: The right trials. Nature. 485(7400):S58-9
A journal article with 2 authors
Darst CR, Cummings ME. 2006. Predator learning favours mimicry of a less-toxic model in poison frogs. Nature. 440(7081):208–11
A journal article with 3 authors
Murakami S, Nagaosa N, Zhang S-C. 2003. Dissipationless quantum spin current at room temperature. Science. 301(5638):1348–51
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Xia W, Qiu B, Xia D, Zou R. 2013. Facile preparation of hierarchically porous carbons from metal-organic gels and their application in energy storage. Sci. Rep. 3:1935

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heimann RB, Lehmann HD. 2015. Bioceramic Coatings for Medical Implants. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
An edited book
Li P, Silveira LM, Feldmann P, eds. 2011. Simulation and Verification of Electronic and Biological Systems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands
A chapter in an edited book
Loewenberger P. 2016. Human Resource Development, Creativity and Innovation. In Human Resource Management, Innovation and Performance, eds. H Shipton, P Budhwar, P Sparrow, A Brown, pp. 48–65. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Psychology.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2017. Scientists Capture the Roar of a Lionfish for the First Time. It’s Quite Something. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Aerospace Plane Technology: Research and Development Efforts in Europe. NSIAD-91-194, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hendricks ED. 2010. Teaching teachers: A study of teacher educators’ perceptions of the effect of meeting mandated NCATE standards. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. 2001. Listening Hard to Softer Cries for Help. New York Times, Dec. 30, , p. 146

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Steeg 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Darst & Cummings 2006; Steeg 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Darst & Cummings 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Xia et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Psychology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0066-4308
ISSN (online)1545-2085
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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