How to format your references using the Annual Review of Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Colman SM. 2002. Paleoclimate. A fresh look at glacial floods. Science. 296(5571):1251–52
A journal article with 2 authors
Park J, Yook S-H. 2014. Bayesian inference of natural rankings in incomplete competition networks. Sci. Rep. 4:6212
A journal article with 3 authors
Lappe M, Awater H, Krekelberg B. 2000. Postsaccadic visual references generate presaccadic compression of space. Nature. 403(6772):892–95
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Shalini A, Liu Y, Al-Jarah UAS, Srivastava GP, Wright CD, et al. 2013. Observation of T₂-like coherent optical phonons in epitaxial Ge₂Sb₂Te₅/GaSb(001) films. Sci. Rep. 3:2965

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
De Spiegeleer J, Schoutens W, Van Hulle C. 2014. The Handbook of Hybrid Securities. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Xu J. 2011. Fuzzy-Like Multiple Objective Decision Making, Vol. 263. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Fan Y, Yin Y. 2012. Differentiated Time-Frequency Characteristics Based Real-Time Motion Decoding for Lower Extremity Rehabilitation Exoskeleton Robot. In Intelligent Robotics and Applications: 5th International Conference, ICIRA 2012, Montreal, Canada, October 3-5, 2012, Proceedings, Part II, eds. C-Y Su, S Rakheja, H Liu, pp. 31–40. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Psychology.

Blog post
Fang J. 2016. Why Net-Casting Spiders Have Such Enormous Eyes. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. K-12 Education: Many Challenges Arise in Educating Students Who Change Schools Frequently. GAO-11-40, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Odom SA. 2017. Electronic health records: Overcoming obstacles to improve acceptance and utilization for mental health clinicians. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. 2010. U.S. Roster Soap Opera Settled on Daytime TV. New York Times, May 27, , p. B12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Colman 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Colman 2002; Park & Yook 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Park & Yook 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Shalini et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Psychology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0066-4308
ISSN (online)1545-2085
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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