How to format your references using the Annual Review of Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pace NR. 2006. Time for a change. Nature. 441(7091):289
A journal article with 2 authors
Eaves AA, Palmer AR. 2003. Reproduction: widespread cloning in echinoderm larvae. Nature. 425(6954):146
A journal article with 3 authors
Hanna RA, Campbell RL, Davies PL. 2008. Calcium-bound structure of calpain and its mechanism of inhibition by calpastatin. Nature. 456(7220):409–12
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Parker GA, Chubb JC, Ball MA, Roberts GN. 2003. Evolution of complex life cycles in helminth parasites. Nature. 425(6957):480–84

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimond B. 2008. Legal Aspects of Mental Capacity. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
An edited book
Bachmann F, Loosen P, Poprawe R, eds. 2007. High Power Diode Lasers: Technology and Applications, Vol. 128. New York, NY: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Weber RH, Weber R. 2010. Governance of the Internet of Things. In Internet of Things: Legal Perspectives, ed. R Weber, pp. 69–100. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Psychology.

Blog post
Fang J. 2015. Japanese Black Bears Are Ecosystem Engineers, Bringing Light Into Forests. IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1973. Substitution of Shore Leave for Sick Leave. B-171947, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lynch SD. 2008. Distortion of low-frequency acoustic signals by interaction with the moving ocean surface. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly S. 1998. Miss. Loves Nev. New York Times, Nov. 15, , p. 732

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pace 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Eaves & Palmer 2003; Pace 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Eaves & Palmer 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Parker et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Psychology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0066-4308
ISSN (online)1545-2085
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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