How to format your references using the Annual Review of Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Snyder SH. 2006. Neuroscience. Adam finds an exciting mate. Science. 313(5794):1744–45
A journal article with 2 authors
He W, Ren T. 2013. Basilar membrane vibration is not involved in the reverse propagation of otoacoustic emissions. Sci. Rep. 3:1874
A journal article with 3 authors
Nederbragt AJ, van Loon AE, Dictus WJAG. 2002. Evolutionary biology: hedgehog crosses the snail’s midline. Nature. 417(6891):811–12
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hale ML, Lurz PW, Shirley MD, Rushton S, Fuller RM, Wolff K. 2001. Impact of landscape management on the genetic structure of red squirrel populations. Science. 293(5538):2246–48

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tourlakis G. 2008. Mathematical Logic. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lehner F, Fteimi N, eds. 2016. Knowledge Science, Engineering and Management: 9th International Conference, KSEM 2016, Passau, Germany, October 5-7, 2016, Proceedings, Vol. 9983. Cham: Springer International Publishing
A chapter in an edited book
Fujino Y, Kimura K, Tanaka H. 2012. Design Wind Speed. In Wind Resistant Design of Bridges in Japan: Developments and Practices, eds. K Kimura, H Tanaka, pp. 39–70. Tokyo: Springer Japan

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Psychology.

Blog post
Davis J. 2016. Mentally Complex Jobs Could Help Protect Against Certain Aspects Of Alzheimer’s. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1972. Review of Geomagnetic Activities. 093287, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams Soberanes C. 2012. Experiences of Mexican Immigrant Women Living in the Washington D.C. Metropolitan Area. Doctoral dissertation thesis. George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. 2016. Anchor Illuminates Fox Inquiry of Ailes. New York Times, Nov. 12, , p. B6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Snyder 2006).
This sentence cites two references (He & Ren 2013; Snyder 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (He & Ren 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Hale et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Psychology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0066-4308
ISSN (online)1545-2085
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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