How to format your references using the Journal of Integrative Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Integrative Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fusi S. Neuroscience. A quiescent working memory. Science 2008;319:1495–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaech SM, Ahmed R. Immunology. CD8 T cells remember with a little help. Science 2003;300:263–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Selmecki A, Forche A, Berman J. Aneuploidy and isochromosome formation in drug-resistant Candida albicans. Science 2006;313:367–70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schwartz T, Bartal G, Fishman S, Segev M. Transport and Anderson localization in disordered two-dimensional photonic lattices. Nature 2007;446:52–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ganda KM. Dentist’s Guide to Medical Conditions, Medications, and Complications. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Taylor M, Coia L, editors. Gender, Feminism, and Queer Theory in the Self-Study of Teacher Education Practices. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Tomizawa Y, Arai I, Gotoh S. Development of an Array Antenna Landmine Detection Radar System. In: Furuta K, Ishikawa J, editors. Anti-personnel Landmine Detection for Humanitarian Demining: The Current Situation and Future Direction for Japanese Research and Development, London: Springer; 2009, p. 45–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Integrative Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. Three-Parent IVF May Gain FDA Approval. IFLScience 2013. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications Management: More Effort Needed by Interior and the Forest Service to Achieve Savings. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moua P. Differential functions of the kinesin-1 tail in Drosophila melanogaster transport processes. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Peters JF, Nikas J, Lyons E. Youth in San Diego: Skateboards, Beach Hangs and Chicano Culture. New York Times 2017:ST4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Integrative Medicine
ISSN (print)2095-4964

Other styles