How to format your references using the Transport Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transport Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mathur, N. (2005). The physics detective: Schrödinger’s mousetrap. Part 2. Nature, 433(7024), 363.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jarosz, D. F., & Lindquist, S. (2010). Hsp90 and environmental stress transform the adaptive value of natural genetic variation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6012), 1820–1824.
A journal article with 3 authors
Provencio, I., Rollag, M. D., & Castrucci, A. M. (2002). Photoreceptive net in the mammalian retina. This mesh of cells may explain how some blind mice can still tell day from night. Nature, 415(6871), 493.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Venegas, J. G., Winkler, T., Musch, G., Vidal Melo, M. F., Layfield, D., Tgavalekos, N., … Harris, R. S. (2005). Self-organized patchiness in asthma as a prelude to catastrophic shifts. Nature, 434(7034), 777–782.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kramer, A., & Legeard, B. (2016). Model-Based Testing Essentials. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chakrabarti, B. K., Bardhan, K. K., & Sen, A. K. (Eds.). (2009). Quantum and Semi-classical Percolation and Breakdown in Disordered Solids (Vol. 762). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Carassiti, M., Antonelli, S., Panzera, D., & Agrò, F. E. (2010). Considerations and Anesthesiologic Complications in Spinal Surgery. In L. Denaro, D. D’Avella, & V. Denaro (Eds.), Pitfalls in Cervical Spine Surgery: Avoidance and Management of Complications (pp. 59–68). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transport Reviews.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, December 6). Three Ways Facebook Could Reduce Fake News Without Resorting To Censorship. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Chemical Assessments: Challenges Remain with EPA’s Integrated Risk Information System Program (No. GAO-12-42). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gada, K. K. (2015). Numerical analyses of passive and active flow control over a micro air vehicle with an optimized airfoil (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, March 17). Walker and UConn a Long Way From One-and-Done. New York Times, p. B20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mathur, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Jarosz & Lindquist, 2010; Mathur, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jarosz & Lindquist, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Provencio, Rollag, & Castrucci, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Venegas et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransport Reviews
AbbreviationTransp. Rev.
ISSN (print)0144-1647
ISSN (online)1464-5327

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