How to format your references using the Transport Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transport Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chin, J. W. (2012). Molecular biology. Reprogramming the genetic code. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6080), 428–429.
A journal article with 2 authors
Williams, D. A., & Baum, C. (2003). Medicine. Gene therapy--new challenges ahead. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5644), 400–401.
A journal article with 3 authors
Webber, B. L., Le Maitre, D. C., & Kriticos, D. J. (2012). Comment on “Climatic niche shifts are rare among terrestrial plant invaders.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6104), 193; author reply 193.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Antson, A. A., Burns, J. E., Moroz, O. V., Scott, D. J., Sanders, C. M., Bronstein, I. B., … Maitland, N. J. (2000). Structure of the intact transactivation domain of the human papillomavirus E2 protein. Nature, 403(6771), 805–809.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ponniah, P. (2010). Data Warehousing Fundamentals for it Professionals. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hughes, M. K., Swetnam, T. W., & Diaz, H. F. (Eds.). (2011). Dendroclimatology: Progress and Prospects (Vol. 11). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Cheptsov, A., & Huang, Z. (2013). Making Web-Scale Semantic Reasoning More Service-Oriented: The Large Knowledge Collider. In A. Haller, G. Huang, Z. Huang, H.-Y. Paik, & Q. Z. Sheng (Eds.), Web Information Systems Engineering – WISE 2011 and 2012 Workshops: Combined WISE 2011 and WISE 2012 Workshops, Sydney Australia, October 12-14, 2011 and Paphos, Cyprus, November 28-30, 2012, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 13–26). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transport Reviews.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, July 23). Pendulums Synchronize Due To Ticking Sound Pulses In Oddly Fascinating Experiment. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Aviation Research: Actions to Enhance the Effectiveness of FAA’s Research Activities (No. T-RCED-93-40). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pan, A. (2017). The Mental Health and Well-Being of College Students in Cambodia (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2016, July 31). Classic Words, Fresh Looks. New York Times, p. BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Simmons, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hellemans, 2000; Lee, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Williams & Baum, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Webber, Le Maitre, & Kriticos, 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Turra et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransport Reviews
AbbreviationTransp. Rev.
ISSN (print)0144-1647
ISSN (online)1464-5327

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