How to format your references using the Transport Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transport Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Messenger, S. (2000). Identification of molecular-cloud material in interplanetary dust particles. Nature, 404(6781), 968–971.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wender, P. A., & Miller, B. L. (2009). Synthesis at the molecular frontier. Nature, 460(7252), 197–201.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hochberg, Y. V., Serrano, C., & Ziedonis, R. (2015). ENTREPRENEURSHIP. Intangible but bankable. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6240), 1202.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yang, Y., Fu, Z., Su, Y., Zhang, X., Li, G., Guo, J., Que, Y., & Xu, L. (2014). A cytosolic glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase gene, ScG6PDH, plays a positive role in response to various abiotic stresses in sugarcane. Scientific Reports, 4, 7090.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kindmann, R., & Krüger, U. (2013). Stahlbau. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Keller, R., Kramer, D., & Weiss, J.-P. (Eds.). (2013). Facing the Multicore-Challenge III: Aspects of New Paradigms and Technologies in Parallel Computing (Vol. 7686). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Koulaouzidis, A., Douglas, S., & Plevris, J. N. (2014). Oesophageal Capsule Endoscopy. In Z. Li, Z. Liao, & M. McAlindon (Eds.), Handbook of Capsule Endoscopy (pp. 119–128). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transport Reviews.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, May 29). What’s The Truth Behind This “13-Pound Monster Frog” Photo? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Tax Policy: Insufficient Information to Assess Effect of Tax Free Education Assistance (GGD-89-76). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ugwu, R. I. (2012). Perceptions of elementary teachers from an urban school district in Southern California regarding their inquiry-based science instructional practices, assessment methods, and professional development [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brownell, K. D., & Nestle, M. (2004, January 23). The Sweet And Lowdown On Sugar. New York Times, A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Messenger, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Messenger, 2000; Wender & Miller, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wender & Miller, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Hochberg et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransport Reviews
AbbreviationTransp. Rev.
ISSN (print)0144-1647
ISSN (online)1464-5327

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