How to format your references using the Transport Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transport Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Graham, J. (2014). Behavior. Morality beyond the lab. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6202), 1242.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fu, X., & Harberd, N. P. (2003). Auxin promotes Arabidopsis root growth by modulating gibberellin response. Nature, 421(6924), 740–743.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kanai, T., Minemoto, S., & Sakai, H. (2005). Quantum interference during high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules. Nature, 435(7041), 470–474.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Proverbio, A. M., Calbi, M., Manfredi, M., & Zani, A. (2014). Audio-visuomotor processing in the musician’s brain: an ERP study on professional violinists and clarinetists. Scientific Reports, 4, 5866.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alexandrovna, M. I., Ionin, B. I., & Tebby, J. C. (2013). Alkynes in Cycloadditions. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Florack, L., Duits, R., Jongbloed, G., Lieshout, M.-C. van, & Davies, L. (Eds.). (2012). Mathematical Methods for Signal and Image Analysis and Representation (Vol. 41). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hirtle, S. C., Timpf, S., & Tenbrink, T. (2011). The Effect of Activity on Relevance and Granularity for Navigation. In M. Egenhofer, N. Giudice, R. Moratz, & M. Worboys (Eds.), Spatial Information Theory: 10th International Conference, COSIT 2011, Belfast, ME, USA, September 12-16, 2011. Proceedings (pp. 73–89). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transport Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 21). Why Are Some Generic Drugs Getting So Expensive? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Core Competencies in Financial Management for Information Technology Personnel in the Federal Government (Exposure Draft) (CC–3). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Galvan, R. (2015). A mixed-methods study of mathematics and science achievement of refugee students in homogeneous and heterogeneous groups [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (1994, January 23). PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. New York Times, 1314.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Graham, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Fu & Harberd, 2003; Graham, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fu & Harberd, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Kanai et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Proverbio et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransport Reviews
AbbreviationTransp. Rev.
ISSN (print)0144-1647
ISSN (online)1464-5327

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