How to format your references using the Achievements in the Life Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Achievements in the Life Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2005. Guiding hands. Nature 434, 801.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sigman, D.M., Boyle, E.A., 2000. Glacial/interglacial variations in atmospheric carbon dioxide. Nature 407, 859–869.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hamlin, J.K., Wynn, K., Bloom, P., 2007. Social evaluation by preverbal infants. Nature 450, 557–559.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lu, P.J., Zaccarelli, E., Ciulla, F., Schofield, A.B., Sciortino, F., Weitz, D.A., 2008. Gelation of particles with short-range attraction. Nature 453, 499–503.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Akivis, M.A., Goldberg, V.V., 1996. Conformal Differential Geometry and Its Generalizations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Moreira, O., 2014. Scheduling Real-Time Streaming Applications onto an Embedded Multiprocessor, Embedded Systems. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Chung, E.G., Schladow, S.G., Perez-Losada, J., Robertson, D.M., 2008. A linked hydrodynamic and water quality model for the Salton Sea, in: Hurlbert, S.H. (Ed.), The Salton Sea Centennial Symposium: Proceedings of a Symposium Celebrating a Century of Symbiosis Among Agriculture, Wildlife and People, 1905–2005, Held in San Diego, California, USA, March 2005. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 57–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Achievements in the Life Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Brain Abnormalities Discovered in Patients With Chronic Fatigue Syndrome [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Air Traffic Control: Status of FAA’s Modernization Effort (No. RCED-91-132FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mhatre, A.B., 2009. Zone-Clipper (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess, B., Eder, S., 2017. Donating Profits From Foreign Officials Is Complicated Task, Trump Group Says. New York Times A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Sigman and Boyle, 2000; Smaglik, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sigman and Boyle, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Lu et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAchievements in the Life Sciences
ISSN (print)2078-1520

Other styles