How to format your references using the Achievements in the Life Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Achievements in the Life Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Overbaugh, J., 2011. 24/7 isn’t the only way: A healthy work-life balance can enhance research. Nature 477, 27–28.
A journal article with 2 authors
DeConto, R.M., Pollard, D., 2003. Rapid Cenozoic glaciation of Antarctica induced by declining atmospheric CO2. Nature 421, 245–249.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Z., Yu, H., Su, H., 2013. The transport properties of oxygen vacancy-related polaron-like bound state in HfOx. Sci. Rep. 3, 3246.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bi, K., Guo, Y., Liu, X., Zhao, Q., Xiao, J., Lei, M., Zhou, J., 2014. Magnetically tunable Mie resonance-based dielectric metamaterials. Sci. Rep. 4, 7001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McLeod, L.E., 2016. Leading with Noble Purpose. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Beeton, D., Meyer, G. (Eds.), 2015. Electric Vehicle Business Models: Global Perspectives, Lecture Notes in Mobility. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Holmstrup, P., Nielsen, C.H., 2016. Linkage Between Periodontal Disease and Rheumatoid Arthritis, in: Lynge Pedersen, A.M. (Ed.), Oral Infections and General Health: From Molecule to Chairside. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 45–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Achievements in the Life Sciences.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. Woolly Mammoths’ “Genetic Meltdown” May Have Finished Them Off [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Senate Bill 543: The Job Training Partnership Act Youth Employment Amendments of 1989 (No. T-HRD-89-18). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Solomon, R.B., 2017. Analysis of Emergency Responder Preparedness to Active Shooter Incidents in Santa Barbara, Ventura, Los Angeles, and Riverside Counties (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
David Goodman, J., Baker, A.L., 2015. 2 Communities Unite in Grief for an ‘Unassuming Hero.’ New York Times A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Overbaugh, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (DeConto and Pollard, 2003; Overbaugh, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (DeConto and Pollard, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Bi et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAchievements in the Life Sciences
ISSN (print)2078-1520

Other styles