How to format your references using the Journal of Institute of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Institute of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Stone M. OPTICS. Topology, spin, and light. Science. 2015 Jun 26;348(6242):1432–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Neufeld P, Scheck B. Making forensic science more scientific. Nature. 2010 Mar 18;464(7287):351.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Amselem E, Sadiq M, Bourennane M. Experimental bound entanglement through a Pauli channel. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1966.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Erb Downward JR, Falkowski NR, Mason KL, Muraglia R, Huffnagle GB. Modulation of post-antibiotic bacterial community reassembly and host response by Candida albicans. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2191.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bai Y. Practical Database Programming with Visual Basic.NET. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Cohen RD, editor. Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Diagnosis and Therapeutics. 2nd ed. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2011. XIV, 322 p. (Clinical Gastroenterology).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Eaglestone B, Ford N, Holdridge P, Carter J, Upton C. Cognitive Styles and Computer-Based Creativity Support Systems: Two Linked Studies of Electro-acoustic Music Composers. In: Kronland-Martinet R, Ystad S, Jensen K, editors. Computer Music Modeling and Retrieval Sense of Sounds: 4th International Symposium, CMMR 2007, Copenhagen, Denmark, August 27-31, 2007 Revised Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 74–97. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Institute of Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. How Neurons Regenerate Without Affecting Memory [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/how-neurons-regenerate-without-affecting-memory/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Issues Related to FAA’s Effectiveness. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 May. Report No.: T-RCED-89-39.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bankapura S. Packet adaptive routing in communication network [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
RICHARD BERNSTEIN; Sophia Kishkovsky contributed reporting from Moscow for this article, Judy Dempsey of The International Herald Tribune from Berlin. After Centuries of Enmity, Relations Between Poland and Russia Are as Bad as Ever. New York Times. 2005 Jul 3;14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Institute of Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Inst. Med.
ISSN (print)1993-2979
ISSN (online)1993-2987
Scope

Other styles