How to format your references using the Electronics Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Electronics Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. D. Barrow, “Einstein as icon,” Nature, vol. 433, no. 7023, pp. 218–219, Jan. 2005.
A journal article with 2 authors
L. Santen and W. Krauth, “Absence of thermodynamic phase transition in a model glass former,” Nature, vol. 405, no. 6786, pp. 550–551, Jun. 2000.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. R. Krumholz, C. F. McKee, and R. I. Klein, “The formation of stars by gravitational collapse rather than competitive accretion,” Nature, vol. 438, no. 7066, pp. 332–334, Nov. 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. P. Deslys et al., “Screening slaughtered cattle for BSE,” Nature, vol. 409, no. 6819, pp. 476–478, Jan. 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Weber and C. Simon, Benefits of Bayesian Network Models. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
J. Fürnkranz, T. Scheffer, and M. Spiliopoulou, Eds., Machine Learning: ECML 2006: 17th European Conference on Machine Learning Berlin, Germany, September 18-22, 2006 Proceedings, vol. 4212. in Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 4212. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
A. D. Dotz, “A Pilot of 3D Printing of Medical Devices in Haiti,” in Technologies for Development: What is Essential?, S. Hostettler, E. Hazboun, and J.-C. Bolay, Eds., Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 33–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Electronics Letters.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “Bizarre Gas Planet Takes 80,000 Years To Orbit Its Star,” IFLScience, May 14, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Tax Policy: Uncertain Impact of Repealing the Deferral for Reinvested Shipping Income,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GGD-90-35, Mar. 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
I. G. Momcheva, “Environments of strong gravitational lenses,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, “An Announcement Hits the Right Note,” New York Times, p. B21, Feb. 13, 2014.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleElectronics Letters
AbbreviationElectron. Lett.
ISSN (print)0013-5194
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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