How to format your references using the Electronics Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Electronics Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Yang, “Self-assembled materials. Supramolecular lattices from tetrahedral nanobuilding blocks,” Science, vol. 348, no. 6233, pp. 396–397, Apr. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
E. M. Rubin and A. Tall, “Perspectives for vascular genomics,” Nature, vol. 407, no. 6801, pp. 265–269, Sep. 2000.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. B. Huey, J. B. Losos, and C. Moritz, “Ecology. Are lizards toast?,” Science, vol. 328, no. 5980, pp. 832–833, May 2010.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Ohki, S. Chung, Y. H. Ch’ng, P. Kara, and R. C. Reid, “Functional imaging with cellular resolution reveals precise micro-architecture in visual cortex,” Nature, vol. 433, no. 7026, pp. 597–603, Feb. 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Holt, The Ultimate Daily Show and Philosophy. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, 2013.
An edited book
K. N. Das, K. Deep, M. Pant, J. C. Bansal, and A. Nagar, Eds., Proceedings of Fourth International Conference on Soft Computing for Problem Solving: SocProS 2014, Volume 1, vol. 335. in Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol. 335. New Delhi: Springer India, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Zhang, Z. Su, K. Qi, G. Xin, and P. Wei, “RPECA-Rumor Propagation Based Eventual Consistency Assessment Algorithm,” in Advanced Parallel Processing Technologies: 11th International Symposium, APPT 2015, Jinan, China, August 20-21, 2015, Proceedings, Y. Chen, P. Ienne, and Q. Ji, Eds., in Lecture Notes in Computer Science. , Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 60–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Electronics Letters.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “Science Knowledge Has Almost No Effect On Republican Beliefs, According To Survey,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Tax Systems Modernization: Imaging System’s Performance Improving but Still Falls Short of Expectations,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GGD-97-29, Jan. 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P. L. Claar, “A Correlational Study Comparing the Relationship between School Leader Intercultural Development, Selected Demographic Variables, and Student Achievement,” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Crow, “Challenging Coffee in Manhattan, and Taking a Lump or 2,” New York Times, p. 145, Aug. 05, 2001.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleElectronics Letters
AbbreviationElectron. Lett.
ISSN (print)0013-5194
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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