How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Ho, “Is China prepared for microbial threats?,” Nature, vol. 435, no. 7041, pp. 421–422, May 2005.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Truffer and M. Fahnestock, “Climate change. Rethinking ice sheet time scales,” Science, vol. 315, no. 5818, pp. 1508–1510, Mar. 2007.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Paradise, L. Andrews, and T. Holbrook, “Intellectual property. Patents on human genes: an analysis of scope and claims,” Science, vol. 307, no. 5715, pp. 1566–1567, Mar. 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. F. Sherson et al., “Quantum teleportation between light and matter,” Nature, vol. 443, no. 7111, pp. 557–560, Oct. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Passarelli, Trading Options Greeks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.
An edited book
A. Massoud and N. Rezaei, Eds., Immunology of Aging. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
K. L. Caneva, “What in Truth Divides Historians and Philosophers of Science?,” in Integrating History and Philosophy of Science: Problems and Prospects, S. Mauskopf and T. Schmaltz, Eds. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2011, pp. 49–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

Blog post
J. Davis, “Chimps Found Drinking Booze In The Wild,” IFLScience, Jun. 10, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Intercity Passenger Rail: Amtrak Will Continue to Have Difficulty Controlling Its Costs and Meeting Capital Needs,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-00-138, May 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Fregoso, “Through the pipeline: Degree aspirations of African American and Latino males enrolled in California community colleges,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, “Returning for Friendship, and Drums,” New York Times, p. SP3, Mar. 11, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering
AbbreviationCan. J. Electr. Comput. Eng.
ISSN (print)0840-8688
ScopeHardware and Architecture
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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