How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Macilwain, “World view: Save British science, again,” Nature, vol. 467, no. 7313, p. 269, Sep. 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. R. S. Newman and A. E. Keating, “Comprehensive identification of human bZIP interactions with coiled-coil arrays,” Science, vol. 300, no. 5628, pp. 2097–2101, Jun. 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
Z. Li, F. Marsiglio, and J. P. Carbotte, “Vanishing of interband light absorption in a persistent spin helix state,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 2828, Oct. 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature, vol. 450, no. 7173, pp. 1214–1217, Dec. 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W. Happer, Y.-Y. Jau, and T. Walker, Optically Pumped Atoms. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2010.
An edited book
P. C. Wong and W. C. Miller-Hance, Eds., Transesophageal Echocardiography for Congenital Heart Disease. London: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Lasaygues et al., “Advanced Ultrasonic Tomograph of Children’s Bones,” in Acoustical Imaging: Volume 31, A. Nowicki, J. Litniewski, and T. Kujawska, Eds. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2012, pp. 31–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “Huge Squid Caught Attacking Submarine On Video,” IFLScience, Oct. 14, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Space Exploration: Cost, Schedule, and Performance of NASA’s Magellan Mission to Venus,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, NSIAD-88-130FS, May 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. Pearson, “A High-Level Fuzzy Logic Guidance System for an Unmanned Surface Vehicle (USV) Tasked to Perform an Autonomous Launch and Recovery (ALR) of an Unmanned Underwater Vehicle (UUV),” Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Schwirtz and B. Mueller, “Inmate at Rikers Is Missing After Eluding Several Guards,” New York Times, p. A25, Jul. 27, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering
AbbreviationCan. J. Electr. Comput. Eng.
ISSN (print)0840-8688
ScopeHardware and Architecture
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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