How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N. Savage, “Proteomics: High-protein research,” Nature, vol. 527, no. 7576, pp. S6-7, Nov. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Tagle and P. Claeys, “Comet or asteroid shower in the late Eocene?,” Science, vol. 305, no. 5683, p. 492, Jul. 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. M. McNamara, T. W. Fawcett, and A. I. Houston, “An adaptive response to uncertainty generates positive and negative contrast effects,” Science, vol. 340, no. 6136, pp. 1084–1086, May 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. J. Siveter, M. D. Sutton, D. E. G. Briggs, and D. J. Siveter, “A Silurian sea spider,” Nature, vol. 431, no. 7011, pp. 978–980, Oct. 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Walkenbach, Excel® 2010 Power Programming with VBA. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
H. Saitô, Solid State NMR Spectroscopy for Biopolymers: Principles and Applications. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Fournais and B. Helffer, “Constant Field Models in Dimension 2: Discs and Their Complements,” in Spectral Methods in Surface Superconductivity, B. Helffer, Ed. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser, 2009, pp. 51–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

Blog post
T. Hale, “Here Are 10 Questions Google Asked A Computer Engineer In A Job Interview,” IFLScience, 18-Oct-2016. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Electronic Government: Planned e-Authentication Gateway Faces Formidable Development Challenges,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-03-952, Sep. 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.-R. Ismail, “Assessing the relationship between the Internet, radio frequency identifier (RFID), and information technology (IT) flexibility: A correlational study and findings,” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Paulson, “Broadway Run Planned For ‘Pretty Woman,’” New York Times, p. C3, 26-Sep-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering
AbbreviationCan. J. Electr. Comput. Eng.
ISSN (print)0840-8688
ScopeHardware and Architecture
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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