How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L. V. Hooper, “Immunology. Innate lymphoid cells sweeten the pot,” Science, vol. 345, no. 6202, pp. 1248–1249, Sep. 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. J. Wilson and D. M. J. Lilley, “Biochemistry. The evolution of ribozyme chemistry,” Science, vol. 323, no. 5920, pp. 1436–1438, Mar. 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. C. Juanes-Marcos, S. C. Althorpe, and E. Wrede, “Theoretical study of geometric phase effects in the hydrogen-exchange reaction,” Science, vol. 309, no. 5738, pp. 1227–1230, Aug. 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. M. Boyd et al., “Optical atomic coherence at the 1-second time scale,” Science, vol. 314, no. 5804, pp. 1430–1433, Dec. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
F. Pérez Fontán and P. Mariño Espiñeira, Modeling the Wireless Propagation Channel. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2008.
An edited book
R. Mitra and P. Müller, Eds., Nonparametric Bayesian Inference in Biostatistics, 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Camilleri, A. Damianou, H. Jackson, N. Lawrence, and T. Prescott, “iCub Visual Memory Inspector: Visualising the iCub’s Thoughts,” in Biomimetic and Biohybrid Systems: 5th International Conference, Living Machines 2016, Edinburgh, UK, July 19-22, 2016. Proceedings, N. F. Lepora, A. Mura, M. Mangan, P. F. M. J. Verschure, M. Desmulliez, and T. J. Prescott, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 48–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, “Elon Musk Says We Could Terraform Mars By Dropping Thermonuclear Bombs On It,” IFLScience, Sep. 10, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Federal Software Licenses: Most Agencies Have Reported Planned Actions to Address Our Prior Recommendations on Software License Management,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-14-835R, Sep. 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. A. Hill, “Classical three-body systems and the Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser theorem,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
A. Barnard, “Russia Says Deal Will Bar Americans From Flying in Most of Syria’s Airspace,” New York Times, p. A9, May 05, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering
AbbreviationCan. J. Electr. Comput. Eng.
ISSN (print)0840-8688
ScopeHardware and Architecture
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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