How to format your references using the Journal of Insect Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Insect Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bowles, S., 2012. Warriors, levelers, and the role of conflict in human social evolution. Science 336, 876–879.
A journal article with 2 authors
Michaels, D., Wagner, W., 2003. Science and government. Disclosure in regulatory science. Science 302, 2073.
A journal article with 3 authors
Merritt, D., Ferrarese, L., Joseph, C.L., 2001. No supermassive black hole in M33? Science 293, 1116–1118.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gratten, J., Wilson, A.J., McRae, A.F., Beraldi, D., Visscher, P.M., Pemberton, J.M., Slate, J., 2008. A localized negative genetic correlation constrains microevolution of coat color in wild sheep. Science 319, 318–320.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Good, P.I., 2013. Introduction to Statistics Through Resampling Methods and R. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Chen, Y., 2015. Dynamic Spectrum Auction in Wireless Communication, SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Cardellini, V., Casalicchio, E., Grassi, V., Lo Presti, F., 2012. On Guaranteeing Global Dependability Properties in Collaborative Business Process Management, in: Ardagna, C.A., Damiani, E., Maciaszek, L.A., Missikoff, M., Parkin, M. (Eds.), Business System Management and Engineering: From Open Issues to Applications, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 48–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Insect Physiology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Cell Structure Has A Similar Shape To Matter In Neutron Stars [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987. DOD Voluntary Education: Determining and Meeting Postsecondary Education Needs in Europe (No. HRD-88-12). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coyle, M., 2017. Pre-Service School Counselor’s Perception of Professional Identity Development During Internship (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2016. Bumgarner and Big Blast Leave Mets Blanked and Blue. New York Times B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bowles, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Bowles, 2012; Michaels and Wagner, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Michaels and Wagner, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Gratten et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Insect Physiology
AbbreviationJ. Insect Physiol.
ISSN (print)0022-1910
ScopeInsect Science

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