How to format your references using the Journal of Insect Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Insect Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Farrar, J., 2012. H5N1 surveillance: Shift expertise to where it matters. Nature 483, 534–535.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sholl, D.S., Johnson, J.K., 2006. Materials science. Making high-flux membranes with carbon nanotubes. Science 312, 1003–1004.
A journal article with 3 authors
Merlin, C., Gegear, R.J., Reppert, S.M., 2009. Antennal circadian clocks coordinate sun compass orientation in migratory monarch butterflies. Science 325, 1700–1704.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Güdde, J., Rohleder, M., Meier, T., Koch, S.W., Höfer, U., 2007. Time-resolved investigation of coherently controlled electric currents at a metal surface. Science 318, 1287–1291.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hunter, D.A., 2014. A Practical Guide to Critical Thinking. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Yager, R.R., Liu, L. (Eds.), 2008. Classic Works of the Dempster-Shafer Theory of Belief Functions, Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Jankowski, D., Jackowski, K., 2014. Evolutionary Algorithm for Decision Tree Induction, in: Saeed, K., Snášel, V. (Eds.), Computer Information Systems and Industrial Management: 13th IFIP TC8 International Conference, CISIM 2014, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, November 5-7, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 23–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Insect Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. The Genomic Revolution is Coming – and With it Some Big Dilemmas [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Highway Safety: Factors Contributing to Traffic Crashes and NHTSA’s Efforts to Address Them (No. GAO-03-730T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Murillo, K., 2010. An analysis of California community college budget policy key components in multicollege districts (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S., 2002. A Princeton Senior Is Setting the Bar Higher. New York Times D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Farrar, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Farrar, 2012; Sholl and Johnson, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sholl and Johnson, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Güdde et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Insect Physiology
AbbreviationJ. Insect Physiol.
ISSN (print)0022-1910
ScopeInsect Science

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