How to format your references using the Journal of Insect Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Insect Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Qiu, J., 2007. China tightens up. Nature 448, 636–637.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miles, L., Kapos, V., 2008. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation: global land-use implications. Science 320, 1454–1455.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kalas, P., Liu, M.C., Matthews, B.C., 2004. Discovery of a large dust disk around the nearby star AU Microscopii. Science 303, 1990–1992.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D’Oriano, C., Bertagnini, A., Cioni, R., Pompilio, M., 2014. Identifying recycled ash in basaltic eruptions. Sci. Rep. 4, 5851.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levy, G., Levin, B., 2014. The Biostatistics of Aging. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hall, R.W. (Ed.), 2006. Patient Flow: Reducing Delay in Healthcare Delivery, International Series in Operations Research & Management Science. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Reynolds, H.R., Craig, R.G., 2016. Atherosclerotic Vascular Disease and Periodontal Disease, in: Craig, R.G., Kamer, A.R. (Eds.), A Clinician’s Guide to Systemic Effects of Periodontal Diseases. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 39–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Insect Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. New Robotic Fish Moves Like A Real Fish [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. High-Speed Passenger Rail: Preliminary Assessment of California’s Cost Estimates and Other Challenges (No. GAO-13-163T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Malekian, A., 2009. Combinatorial problems in online advertising (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Woideck, G., 2016. Buddha Provides Tap Shoes. New York Times A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Qiu, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Miles and Kapos, 2008; Qiu, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miles and Kapos, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (D’Oriano et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Insect Physiology
AbbreviationJ. Insect Physiol.
ISSN (print)0022-1910
ScopeInsect Science

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