How to format your references using the Journal of Insect Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Insect Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Parker, D.E., 2004. Climate: large-scale warming is not urban. Nature 432, 290.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tan, Y., Luo, Z.-Q., 2011. Legionella pneumophila SidD is a deAMPylase that modifies Rab1. Nature 475, 506–509.
A journal article with 3 authors
Giovannetti, V., Lloyd, S., Maccone, L., 2001. Quantum-enhanced positioning and clock synchronization. Nature 412, 417–419.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Boehmerle, W., Huehnchen, P., Peruzzaro, S., Balkaya, M., Endres, M., 2014. Electrophysiological, behavioral and histological characterization of paclitaxel, cisplatin, vincristine and bortezomib-induced neuropathy in C57Bl/6 mice. Sci. Rep. 4, 6370.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McSween, T.E., 2005. Values-Based Safety Process. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Navarro, G., Bertossi, L., Kohayakawa, Y. (Eds.), 2006. Fourth IFIP International Conference on Theoretical Computer Science- TCS 2006: IFIP 19th Worm Computer Congress, TC-1, Foundations of Computer Science, August 23–24, 2006, Santiago, Chile, IFIP International Federation for Information Processing. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Muñoz Guillermo, M., Ferrando, J.C., López-Pellicer, M., 2014. The Density Character of the Space $C_p(X)$ C p ( X ), in: Ferrando, Juan Carlos, López-Pellicer, Manuel (Eds.), Descriptive Topology and Functional Analysis: In Honour of Jerzy Kakol’s 60th Birthday, Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 57–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Insect Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2017. How New Hepatitis C Drugs Could Tackle Liver Cancer, Too [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Aviation and the Environment: FAA’s and NASA’s Research and Development Plans for Noise Reduction Are Aligned but the Prospects of Achieving Noise Reduction Goals Are Uncertain (No. GAO-08-384). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wellman, T.E., 2017. Employment Discrimination against Military Spouses: Illegal Contrary to Popular Belief and Practice (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hernández, J.C., 2013. From His Father’s Decline, de Blasio ‘Learned What Not to Do.’ New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Parker, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Parker, 2004; Tan and Luo, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tan and Luo, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Boehmerle et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Insect Physiology
AbbreviationJ. Insect Physiol.
ISSN (print)0022-1910
ScopeInsect Science

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