How to format your references using the Journal of Insect Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Insect Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bohannon, J., 2008. The Gonzo Scientist. Slaying monsters for science. Science 320, 1592.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burrows, M., Sutton, G., 2013. Interacting gears synchronize propulsive leg movements in a jumping insect. Science 341, 1254–1256.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meier, P., Finch, A., Evan, G., 2000. Apoptosis in development. Nature 407, 796–801.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dong, X.-P., Donoghue, P.C.J., Cheng, H., Liu, J.-B., 2004. Fossil embryos from the Middle and Late Cambrian period of Hunan, south China. Nature 427, 237–240.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Phillips, J.J., Brantley, W., Phillips, P.P., 2011. Project Management ROI. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gallopoulos, E., 2016. Parallelism in Matrix Computations, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Scientific Computation. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Kalašová, A., Mikulski, J., Kubíková, S., 2016. The Impact of Intelligent Transport Systems on an Accident Rate of the Chosen Part of Road Communication Network in the Slovak Republic, in: Mikulski, J. (Ed.), Challenge of Transport Telematics: 16th International Conference on Transport Systems Telematics, TST 2016, Katowice-Ustroń, Poland, March 16–19, 2016, Selected Papers, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 47–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Insect Physiology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2017. A Thermonuclear Bomb Slammed Into A North Carolina Farm In 1961 – And Part Of It Is Still Missing [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. FTS 2001 Implementation Issues (No. GAO-01-855R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mann, K.M., 2012. Evaluation of Transfer Technologies to Preserve Shoulder Function in SCI (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2007. Three Win Grant to Start Online Paper. New York Times WE5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bohannon, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Bohannon, 2008; Burrows and Sutton, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burrows and Sutton, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Dong et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Insect Physiology
AbbreviationJ. Insect Physiol.
ISSN (print)0022-1910
ScopeInsect Science

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