How to format your references using the Journal of Insect Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Insect Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Borovsky, J.E., 2014. Geophysics. Feedback of the magnetosphere. Science 343, 1086–1087.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bourne, H.R., Weiner, O., 2002. A chemical compass. Nature 419, 21.
A journal article with 3 authors
Behrens, T.E.J., Hunt, L.T., Rushworth, M.F.S., 2009. The computation of social behavior. Science 324, 1160–1164.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sharot, T., Riccardi, A.M., Raio, C.M., Phelps, E.A., 2007. Neural mechanisms mediating optimism bias. Nature 450, 102–105.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schiesser, W.E., 2017. Spline Collocation Methods for Partial Differential Equations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Chen, K., Ravindran, A. (Eds.), 2016. Forging Connections between Computational Mathematics and Computational Geometry: Papers from the 3rd International Conference on Computational Mathematics and Computational Geometry, Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Franco, A., Correia, M., Cruz, J., 2015. Reasoning with Uncertainty in Biomedical Models, in: Pereira, F., Machado, P., Costa, E., Cardoso, A. (Eds.), Progress in Artificial Intelligence: 17th Portuguese Conference on Artificial Intelligence, EPIA 2015, Coimbra, Portugal, September 8-11, 2015. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 41–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Insect Physiology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Schrödinger’s Cat Experiment Lets Scientists Watch Molecules In Two States At Once [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. No Federal Programs Are Designed Primarily To Support Engineering Education, but Many Do (No. PAD-82-20). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tsang, S.D., 2012. The depth range of azimuthal anisotropy beneath Southern California via analyses of long-period Rayleigh-waves (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M., 2010. A Clog for All Seasons. New York Times E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Borovsky, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Borovsky, 2014; Bourne and Weiner, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bourne and Weiner, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Sharot et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Insect Physiology
AbbreviationJ. Insect Physiol.
ISSN (print)0022-1910
ScopeInsect Science

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