How to format your references using the IEEE Power and Energy Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Power and Energy Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. E. Reynolds, “Ecology. Immunity and invasive success,” Science, vol. 340, no. 6134, pp. 816–817, May 2013.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. Bartel and S. P. T. Matsuda, “Plant biology. Seeing red,” Science, vol. 299, no. 5605, pp. 352–353, Jan. 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
B. C. Martinson, M. S. Anderson, and R. de Vries, “Scientists behaving badly,” Nature, vol. 435, no. 7043, pp. 737–738, Jun. 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Liu et al., “Solution-processed small-molecule solar cells: breaking the 10% power conversion efficiency,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 3356, Nov. 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.-G. Remy and C. Letamendia, LTE Services. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
F. Bian and Y. Xie, Eds., Geo-Informatics in Resource Management and Sustainable Ecosystem: Third International Conference, GRMSE 2015, Wuhan, China, October 16-18, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, 1st ed. 2016., vol. 569. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Lee, J. S. Pak, and J. Kim, “Thermal Effects on TSV Signal Integrity,” in Electrical Design of Through Silicon Via, M. Lee, J. S. Pak, and J. Kim, Eds. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2014, pp. 147–172.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Power and Energy Magazine.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Antibiotic Resistance Now A Global Threat According To Latest WHO Report,” IFLScience, May 01, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Budget Reimbursements: The National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Reimbursable Work,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, NSIAD-87-171FS, Jun. 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. E. Myers, “The First Determination of the Proton’s Weak Charge Through Parity-Violating Asymmetry Measurements in Elastic e + p and e + Al Scattering,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
C. Kelly, “Covering the Rising Cost of Long-Term Care,” New York Times, p. F3, May 15, 2013.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Power and Energy Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Comput. Applic. Power
ISSN (print)1540-7977
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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