How to format your references using the IEEE Power and Energy Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Power and Energy Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Kormendy, “ASTRONOMY: Enhanced: Monsters at the Heart of Galaxy Formation,” Science, vol. 289, no. 5484, pp. 1484–1485, Sep. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Kelliher and V. Walbot, “Hypoxia triggers meiotic fate acquisition in maize,” Science, vol. 337, no. 6092, pp. 345–348, Jul. 2012.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Letinic, R. Zoncu, and P. Rakic, “Origin of GABAergic neurons in the human neocortex,” Nature, vol. 417, no. 6889, pp. 645–649, Jun. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. P. Marscher et al., “Observational evidence for the accretion-disk origin for a radio jet in an active galaxy,” Nature, vol. 417, no. 6889, pp. 625–627, Jun. 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. Bisswanger, Enzyme Kinetics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2017.
An edited book
G. Gramelsberger and J. Feichter, Eds., Climate Change and Policy: The Calculability of Climate Change and the Challenge of Uncertainty. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Gaillard, D. Barthel, F. Theoleyre, and F. Valois, “Kausa: KPI-aware Scheduling Algorithm for Multi-flow in Multi-hop IoT Networks,” in Ad-hoc, Mobile, and Wireless Networks: 15th International Conference, ADHOC-NOW 2016, Lille, France, July 4-6, 2016, Proceedings, N. Mitton, V. Loscri, and A. Mouradian, Eds., in Lecture Notes in Computer Science. , Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 47–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Power and Energy Magazine.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Boron ‘Buckyball’ Could Be Used For Hydrogen Storage,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:‘buckyball’-could-be-used-hydrogen-storage/


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Proposed Regulation Prescribing New ‘Fixed-Price Options’ " Provisions for Use in Automatic Data Processing Systems Procurement,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-186313,B-188658, Aug. 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N. Mcfarlane, “Information power efficiency tradeoffs in mixed signal CMOS circuits,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Feeney, “Chocolate And a Touch Of Chic,” New York Times, p. NJ6, Oct. 14, 2006.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Power and Energy Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Comput. Applic. Power
ISSN (print)1540-7977
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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