How to format your references using the IEEE Power and Energy Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Power and Energy Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. M. Moore, “Ocean Science. Microbial proteins and oceanic nutrient cycles,” Science, vol. 345, no. 6201, pp. 1120–1121, Sep. 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
K. A. Moore and I. R. Lemischka, “Stem cells and their niches,” Science, vol. 311, no. 5769, pp. 1880–1885, Mar. 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. W. Coleman, G. L. Patricelli, and G. Borgia, “Variable female preferences drive complex male displays,” Nature, vol. 428, no. 6984, pp. 742–745, Apr. 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
E. O’Neill, L. Rushworth, M. Baccarini, and W. Kolch, “Role of the kinase MST2 in suppression of apoptosis by the proto-oncogene product Raf-1,” Science, vol. 306, no. 5705, pp. 2267–2270, Dec. 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
V. S. Cheng and J. C. Tong, Building Sustainability in East Asia. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2017.
An edited book
S. Belkin and M. B. Gu, Eds., Whole Cell Sensing Systems I: Reporter Cells and Devices, vol. 117. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Bergevin and V. Bergeron, “Enhancing Boundary Primitives Using a Multiscale Quadtree Segmentation,” in Advances in Visual Computing: 4th International Symposium, ISVC 2008, Las Vegas, NV, USA, December 1-3, 2008. Proceedings, Part I, G. Bebis, R. Boyle, B. Parvin, D. Koracin, P. Remagnino, F. Porikli, J. Peters, J. Klosowski, L. Arns, Y. K. Chun, T.-M. Rhyne, and L. Monroe, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008, pp. 45–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Power and Energy Magazine.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, “Is This Injectable Tanning Drug Safe To Use?,” IFLScience, Jan. 01, 2011. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “High-Quality Senior Marine Corps Officers: How Many Stay Beyond 20 Years of Service?,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, PEMD-85-1, Nov. 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
W. Kafi, “The effects of patient demographic variables on cesarean section-related surgical site infection rates,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. W. Walsh, “In Congress, a Bill Seeks to Tie Municipal Borrowing Power to Public Pension Disclosure,” New York Times, p. B4, Apr. 19, 2013.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Power and Energy Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Comput. Applic. Power
ISSN (print)1540-7977
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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