How to format your references using the IEEE Power and Energy Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Power and Energy Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. P. Glasby, “ECONOMIC GEOLOGY: Lessons Learned from Deep-Sea Mining,” Science, vol. 289, no. 5479, pp. 551–553, Jul. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Losick and A. L. Sonenshein, “Molecular biology. Turning gene regulation on its head,” Science, vol. 293, no. 5537, pp. 2018–2019, Sep. 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. Schwarz, R. R. Mendel, and M. W. Ribbe, “Molybdenum cofactors, enzymes and pathways,” Nature, vol. 460, no. 7257, pp. 839–847, Aug. 2009.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
V. Springel et al., “Prospects for detecting supersymmetric dark matter in the Galactic halo,” Nature, vol. 456, no. 7218, pp. 73–76, Nov. 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. Graham, Markov Chains: Analytic and Monte Carlo Computations. in Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
R. J. Ferry Jr., Ed., Management of Pediatric Obesity and Diabetes. in Nutrition and Health. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
J. M. Dabezies and P. Ballesteros-Arias, “Perceptions and Appropriations of Discourses in the National Park Island of Ons (Galicia, Spain),” in Shaping Rural Areas in Europe: Perceptions and Outcomes on the Present and the Future, L. Silva and E. Figueiredo, Eds., in GeoJournal Library. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2013, pp. 41–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Power and Energy Magazine.

Blog post
B. Taub, “These Super Slow-Mo Videos Show A Viper Strike In All Its Glory,” IFLScience, Jan. 13, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Aviation Safety: Conditions Within the Air Traffic Control Work Force,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-89-113FS, Apr. 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. Robertson, “Transitional services for emancipated foster youth: A grant proposal,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Hollander, “Rutgers Misses Shot At a Victory,” New York Times, p. 87, Nov. 07, 1999.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Power and Energy Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Comput. Applic. Power
ISSN (print)1540-7977
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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