How to format your references using the Journal of Inflammation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Inflammation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Sihvola A. Physics. Enabling optical analog computing with metamaterials. Science. 2014;343:144–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Keightley PD, Otto SP. Interference among deleterious mutations favours sex and recombination in finite populations. Nature. 2006;443:89–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Sergio F, Newton I, Marchesi L. Conservation: top predators and biodiversity. Nature. 2005;436:192.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Smith SB, Qu H-Q, Taleb N, Kishimoto NY, Scheel DW, Lu Y, et al. Rfx6 directs islet formation and insulin production in mice and humans. Nature. 2010;463:775–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Taber DF. Organic Synthesis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
1. Ginsburgh V, Weber S, editors. The Palgrave Handbook of Economics and Language. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Boulton AM, Amberman KD. How ant nests increase soil biota richness and abundance: a field experiment. In: Hawksworth DL, Bull AT, editors. Arthropod Diversity and Conservation. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. p. 55–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Inflammation.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Chickens Need Color Vision [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/chickens-need-color-vision/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Cost Comparison of House of Representatives Page System Versus Regular Messenger Employees. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983 Sep. Report No.: GGD-83-108.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Casco D. Consonance: An inter play of music and design to evoke curiosity and awareness of our musical identity [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Poniewozik J. Clawing Her Way Back to Normal. New York Times. 2017 Feb 16;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Inflammation
AbbreviationJ. Inflamm. (Lond.)
ISSN (online)1476-9255
Scope

Other styles