How to format your references using the Journal of Inflammation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Inflammation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Harris N. Immunology: Chronic effects of acute infections. Nature. 2015;526:509–10.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Mourier T, Jeffares DC. Eukaryotic intron loss. Science. 2003;300:1393.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ohbayashi M, Ohki K, Miyashita Y. Conversion of working memory to motor sequence in the monkey premotor cortex. Science. 2003;301:233–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Amrani A, Verdaguer J, Serra P, Tafuro S, Tan R, Santamaria P. Progression of autoimmune diabetes driven by avidity maturation of a T-cell population. Nature. 2000;406:739–42.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Burwick F. Romanticism. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1. Naidich TP. Duvernoy’s Atlas of the Human Brain Stem and Cerebellum: High-Field MRI: Surface Anatomy, Internal Structure, Vascularization and 3D Sectional Anatomy. Duvernoy HM, Delman BN, Sorensen AG, Kollias SS, Haacke EM, editors. Vienna: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kamer S, Atasoy BM. Mechanisms of Resistance to Radiation. In: Haydaroglu A, Ozyigit G, editors. Principles and Practice of Modern Radiotherapy Techniques in Breast Cancer. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 49–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Inflammation.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. Watch A Python Swallow A Whole Deer [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/watch-huge-python-swallow-whole-deer/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Airline Competition: Cargo Airline Has Enhanced Competition in Hawaii but Faces an Uncertain Future. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Jun. Report No.: RCED-98-156.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Coulibaly I. Influence of Gender and Age on the Performance of a PBIS program: Quantitative Analysis of Secondary Data from a Midwestern Suburban Public Middle School [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. New Stat for a Slugger: Back Page Appearances. New York Times. 2017 Jan 5;B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Inflammation
AbbreviationJ. Inflamm. (Lond.)
ISSN (online)1476-9255
Scope

Other styles