How to format your references using the Journal of Inflammation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Inflammation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Mejia R. Human rights: from accountability to rebuilding. Science. 2006;313:289.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Martienssen RA, Colot V. DNA methylation and epigenetic inheritance in plants and filamentous fungi. Science. 2001;293:1070–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Klöckner H-R, Baan WA, Garrett MA. Investigation of the obscuring circumnuclear torus in the active galaxy Mrk231. Nature. 2003;421:821–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zachos JC, Wara MW, Bohaty S, Delaney ML, Petrizzo MR, Brill A, et al. A transient rise in tropical sea surface temperature during the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum. Science. 2003;302:1551–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Marteel-Parrish AE, Abraham MA. Green Chemistry and Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2013.
An edited book
1. Gilsanz V. Hand Bone Age: A Digital Atlas of Skeletal Maturity. Ratib O, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Lützen J. The Interaction of Physics, Mechanics and Mathematics in Joseph Liouville’s Research. In: Barbin E, Pisano R, editors. The Dialectic Relation Between Physics and Mathematics in the XIXth Century. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. p. 79–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Inflammation.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Don’t Panic, The Internet Won’t Rot Children’s Brains [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/don-t-panic-internet-won-t-rot-children-s-brains/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federally Funded Research: Controlling Inappropriate Access to Research Results. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Mar. Report No.: T-RCED-93-19.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Kehoe MI. Tobacco control: A qualitative assessment of the perceptions and practices of nurse practitioners [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Crow K. Two Precincts, Two Worlds; East Flatbush: Stolen Cars, Murder in a Maroon Jeep. New York Times. 2003 Feb 9;141.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Inflammation
AbbreviationJ. Inflamm. (Lond.)
ISSN (online)1476-9255
Scope

Other styles