How to format your references using the Journal of Inflammation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Inflammation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smaglik P. Building Nordic networks. Nature. 2002;420:A3, A5, A7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Sachs J, Malaney P. The economic and social burden of malaria. Nature. 2002;415:680–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Samuelsson A, Towers TL, Ravetch JV. Anti-inflammatory activity of IVIG mediated through the inhibitory Fc receptor. Science. 2001;291:484–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Scott C, Lyons TW, Bekker A, Shen Y, Poulton SW, Chu X, et al. Tracing the stepwise oxygenation of the Proterozoic ocean. Nature. 2008;452:456–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Chitty J, Raftery A. Essentials of Tortoise Medicine and Surgery. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1. Falcocchio JC. Road Traffic Congestion: A Concise Guide. Levinson HS, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. da Silva PSL, Neto HM, de Carvalho WB. Neuromuscular Blockade. In: Wheeler DS, Wong HR, Shanley TP, editors. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: Volume 4: Peri-operative Care of the Critically Ill or Injured Child. London: Springer; 2014. p. 77–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Inflammation.

Blog post
1. Taub B. Ancient Brazilian Graves Reveal Macabre Funerary Rituals. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. ADP Acquisition: Air Force Logistics System Modernization Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Apr. Report No.: IMTEC-89-42.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Burns D. Measuring the Outcome of At-Risk Students on Biology Standardized Tests When Using Different Instructional Strategies [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. St. John Kelly E. PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. New York Times. 1994 Jan 9;1312.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Inflammation
AbbreviationJ. Inflamm. (Lond.)
ISSN (online)1476-9255
Scope

Other styles